JaLCDOI 10.18926/19615
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_47.pdf
Author Jindai, Mitsuru| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro| Munesawa, Yosiomi|
Abstract In this paper, we propose the recognition methods by image processing using 2D or 3D CAD. In the case of 2D CAD, an object is recognized by comparing five characters calculated from the center of gravity and contour. In the case of 3D CAD, there are two recognition methods. Firstly 3D CAD figure is transformed into 2D CAD figures. And an object is recognized by comparing 2D CAD figures with inputted images. Secondly the three dimensional coordinates of vertexes on an object are calculated from the images taken from some cameras and compared 3D coordinates with those of 3D CAD figures and recognized the sort of an object.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-11-30
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 47
End Page 52
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309202
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19610
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_31.pdf
Author Iwamoto Hidehisa| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro| Munesawa, Yoshiomi| Hashimoto Atsufumi| Seki, Shuji|
Abstract The nurse supporting robot system to prepare and hand surgical instruments to a surgeon is proposed to reduce work of nurse in a surgical operation. In this paper, the surgical instrument recognition system (SIRS) is developed to hand the surgical instruments to a surgeon by the robot. The characteristics ot the instruments are area of the instruments, ratio of minimum center-contour distance to maximum one and its outline contour, are recognized by using the image processing. Kinds of the instruments are distinguished by these characteristics.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-11-30
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 31
End Page 37
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309084
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19608
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_19.pdf
Author Washio, Seiichi| Takahashi, Satoshi| Imoto, Chikashi| Yoshida, Atsumasa|
Abstract The present paper deals with measurements of the diffusion coefficients as well as the saturated solubilities of single component gases such as N(2), O(2) and CO(2) to a mineral oil. The method to determine the diffusivity is based upon measuring the pressure changes caused by the one-dimensional diffusion between the gas and the oil enclosed in an airtight container. For N(2) and O(2) the profiles of the measured pressure changes agree well with those predicted by diffusion theory, whereas that is not the case with CO(2). Although the reason why CO(2) does not seem to obey diffusion theory has yet to be studied, it may suggest the possibility that the diffusion coefficient varies with the pressure, considering that the range of pressure change in the diffusivity measurement was much obtained by this method fell within ±30% around the average. Moreover the solubility measurements have made clear that Henry's law holds true between the three pure gases and the oils tested, and that O(2) and CO(2) dissolve into the oil approximately two and ten times more, respectively, than N(2).
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-11-30
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 19
End Page 30
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309030
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19618
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_59.pdf
Author Fujihara Yutaka| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract In this paper, we propose a method to solve simultaneously facility layout problem and scheduling problem. About a initial random layout planning, the production scheduling and the transportation scheduling of AGV are obtained by using priority rules. From the obtained transportation scheduling, the critical transportation and the closeness rating are obtained. Facility layout is renewed by the combined procedure of genetic algorithm and tabu search in order to reduce the material handling cost. By using this renewed facility layout, the production scheduling and the transportation scheduling of AGV are also revised until no further improvement is possible.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-11-30
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 59
End Page 64
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308989
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19606
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_5.pdf
Author Abe, Takeji| Namikoshi Ryuji| Nagayama Noriyuki| Takano Yasuju|
Abstract The influence of the slip between the inclusion and the matrix during the plastic deformation of inhomogeneous material with elliptic inclusions is investigated. The material is assumed to be rigid-plastic. The boundary slip region is modeled by assuming lower yield stress for the thin boundary region than those of the inclusion and the matrix. The rigid-plastic finite element method is used for the numerical calculation under the plane strain condition. The effects of the aspect ratio of the inclusion, the yield stress of the boundary region, and the volume fraction of the inclusion on the deformation mode are studied. The patterns of the strain concentration and the averaged flow stress of the inhomogeneous material are also discussed. The results may be helpful for understanding creep or superplastic deformation of metals with inclusions.
Keywords Plasticity Composite Material Sliding Inclusions Rigid-Plastic Deformation Finite Element Method
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-11-30
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 5
End Page 17
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309204
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19604
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_1.pdf
Author Sakakibara, Akira| Kanadani, Teruto|
Abstract Aging of diolute Al-Ag alloys after quenching from low temperatures were studied mainly by electrical resistometry. Maximum resistivity observed in the aging curve of specimens quenched from high temeperature disappeared when the quenching temperature was lowered to 473 or 453K. When the quenching temperature was lowered further to 423K or lower, however, maximum resistivity reappeared. At the temperature lower than or equal to 423K but higher than the GP zone solvus, the alloys were not homogeneous but had clusters of solute atoms or fluctuation of solute concentration. Inhomogeneous distribution of solute atoms may affect the aging behavior after quenching from that temperature.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-11-30
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 4
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309092
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19616
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_53.pdf
Author Li Sen| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro| Munesawa, Yosiomi|
Abstract A method for designing a monitoring system with multiple cameras is proposed in order to supervise and recognize the progress of wide work area. First, a wide view camera is deveeloped by combining several usual cameras so that its visual angle could cover more than π/2. Secondly, A method for determining the number and location points of cameras is proposed by considering the shape of monitored area and the installation cost of cameras. The monitored area is divided into three kinds of basic shape (rectangular form, L form and convex form). For every basic shape area, the camera is located at the vertex pasition, so that the whole area can be monitored by the camera.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-11-30
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 53
End Page 57
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309122
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19612
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_39.pdf
Author Munesawa, Yoshiomi| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro|
Abstract In this paper, we propose a recognition index to evaluate the complexity of discrimination among parts and units. The parts and units are classified into some groups (the number of groups is shown as n) by one characteristic, such as color, shape, size and so on. The recognition index of each is denoted as log(2) (n+1) by the information quantity formula. The recognition diagram shows the classfication of parts and units into only one part and unit by the structure of a characteristic. Further we propose the line balancing method for assembly line based on the working time and recognition index.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-11-30
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 39
End Page 45
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309042
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19666
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_45.pdf
Author Yamada Nobuya| Oka, Hisao|
Abstract It is difficult to evaluate a biomechanical properties quantitatively. The authors developed the measurement system of biomechanical properties formerly but it is on a large scale because of the use of personal computer. In this study, the portable measurement system of biomechanical impedance/mobility is developed. To establish a rapid measurement, a random vibration is adopted in input signal. The system consists of the measuring probe, amplifier, and a note-typed personal computer. The measurement probe is developed newly, and has an overall length of 9 ㎝ (without a handle) and a total weight of about 500 g. The measurement program is also developed and is available to any computer which is worked under MS DOS compatible in Windows 95/98 operating system. The biomechanical spectra of thigh, temple and forehead are obtained and they show three typical spectrum patterns.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 45
End Page 50
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309193
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19673
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_61.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Tsuruta, Kenji| Totsuji, Chieko|
Abstract The behavior of multicomponent plasmas in the Penning-Malmberg traps is discussed with the parameters corresponding to experiments with antiprotons and cryogenic electrons. The relaxation times for the energy transfer antiprotons to electrons and between parallel and perpendicular components of electrons are estimated. It is shown that, depending on the values of parameters, both the former and the latter can be the bottleneck in the cooling process.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 61
End Page 69
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309106
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19674
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_71.pdf
Author Tsuruta, Kenji| Totsuji, Hiroo| Totsuji, Chieko|
Abstract A parallel tight-binding molecular dynamics with an order-N [O(N))] algorithm is implemented to perform large-scale simulation of nanostructured materials. The algorithm is based on the Fermi-operator expansion of an electronic energy and force, and we present its basic formalisms. Accuracy necessary for molecular-dynamics simulations can be obtained by a proper truncation in the expansion. Parallel efficiency on a parallel PC cluster shows nearly ideal scaling behavior with respect to the number of processors. Applicability of the method to a silicon-carbide system is examined.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 71
End Page 77
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309027
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19677
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_79.pdf
Author Osaka, Akiyoshi| Hayakawa, Satoshi| Koyano Keiko| Tsuru, Kanji|
Abstract A titanium oxide gel was electrochemically prepared on Ti with a cell consisting of Ti as the working electrode, Pt as the counter one, AgCl as the reference one, and an aqueous solution of 0.1 mol/L Ca(NO(3))(2) as the electrolyte solution. The Ti electrode was kept at 9.5V for 1 hr for oxidation and subsequently kept at-3.0V for 10 min (Ca9.5-3.0):calcium ions were expected to be adsorbed at the latter treatment. Other Ti specimen was kept at -3.0V for 10 min (Ca-3.0). Both specimens were found so bioactive as to deposit apatite in 12 hr (Ca9.5-3.0) and in 1 day (Ca-3.0) when soaked in a simulated body fluid (Kokubo solution). Calcium carbonate detected on the surface of Ca9.5-3.0 caused no harmful effects on spontaneous deposition of apatite in the fluid.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 79
End Page 84
ISSN 0475-0071
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309011
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19680
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_85.pdf
Author Yamada, Mitsuru| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract We reason the circumstances around the three-dimensional vertex from the information about the intersection point in the two-dimensional image data inputted from a camera on the premise that we use this method as the eye ot the robot. In this method, we use the Vertex-Dictionary. We make the Vertex-Dictionary by calculation from CAD data of object figure (these data are already known) and the position data of the point of view. This dictionary includes the data of position and relations of connect surface etc. about a vertex. We get the data of three-dimensional vertex by comparison the data of two-dimensional intersection point in image data and Vertex-Dictionary. And we get the three-dimensional object by reasoning about the information of circumstances of all vertexes. Then we can recognize the three-dimensional object from image data. In this report, we explain the process to calculate the Vertex-Dictionary and some examples about this method.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 85
End Page 89
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309120
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19682
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_91.pdf
Author Munesawa, Yoshiomi| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro|
Abstract In this paper, we propose the method to determine the position of the 2 cameras for the multiviewpoints as the robot is the work place. The optical axit's direction of the 1st camera is determined in the base ot work contents in teleoperation. The multiviewpoints system uses the 2 camera units that aren't installed side by side, so that the direction of the 2nd camera is decided in the base of the angle between the optical axes' direction of 2 cameras. Next, the distance from the camera to the work place is determined according to the distance resolution of image on the monitor, and the camera type of which the point-blank range is not this distance is selected. And the efficacy ot this system is examined with an experiment.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 91
End Page 96
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309052
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15297
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_97.pdf
Author Jindai, Mitsuru| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro| Munesawa, Yoshiomi| Tano Masakazu| Okamoto Katsuyuki| Nishino Akira| Okamoto Asao| Nishimori Naoki|
Abstract We propose the recognition method of bridge soldering base metal on the circuits by comparing CAD figure and input image of image processing to locate the soldering iron tip accurately to secure the high quality Firstly, three dimensional CAD assembly drawing of circuits which are assembled perpendicularly in each other is projected on an imaginary two dimensional screen which is vertical to the optical axis of the camera The projected image is used as the standard CAD figure to inspect the location of the bridge soldering base metal. The positions among the bridge soldering base metals show the line state. So this line (connecting line) is used as the reference line to inspect the location of the bridge soldering base metal. The characteristics of the standard figure are represented by the connecting line, edge line and center points of base metal. Secondly, the position and gradient of connecting line among bridge soldering base metals in the input image is estimated. And the position of base metal and assembly accuracy of circuit units are calculated by comparing the shape and position of each base metal with its standard figure based on the connecting line Furthermore, the length between the opposite edges of the base metals are calculated to inspect the positions and the assemble accuracy of circuit units.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 97
End Page 103
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307283
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19689
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_105.pdf
Author Tokunaga Shuichi| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract This paper deals with analytical method of human motion by image processing to make a model of the scooping process, Firstly, the scooping tool is the spoon, and while the scooping process is performing, the movement of the mouth center position and the spoon top position are measured by two cameras. As the amount of substance is over the uppermost area of the cup, the spoon is stuck obliquely into substance. Then the spoon is rotated and lifted up to the mouth. Secondly, we recognize the mouth center from the characteristic of the face image data and calculate the spoon top position to extract two points on the spoon handle from the time series images by two cameras. Finally, we describe the method of recognizing the coordinate of the mouth center and estimating the coordinate of the spoon top to analyse the scooping process.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 105
End Page 110
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309175
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19692
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_111.pdf
Author Fujihara Yutaka| Munesawa, Yoshiomi| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract Our country faces a serious problem of the environmental pollution by the production and the large quantity consumption of the industry product. The thoroughness of resources recycling has become necessary to solve these problems. As for the product design and the production control, how productivity should be improved has been discussed with extreme emphasis. But from now, as for the product design, both assemblability and disassemblability must be taken into consideration at the same time. And also in production management, it must be investigated how the products can be recycled in the low cost. Therfore, the facility layout method with two phases in recycling plant, which is composed of both the procedure for the layout of facility group and the procedure for the layout of intermal facility group by the optimal solution method and the suboptimal solution method by neural network is proposed in this paper.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 111
End Page 119
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309035
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19648
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_1.pdf
Author Omura, Yasuhiro| Hida, Moritaka| Sakakibara, Akira| Takemoto, Yoshito|
Abstract Molecular dynamics simulation of nickel crystal under uniaxial tensile and compressive deformation was performed for single nenocrystal model and twinned nanocrystal model composed of 1550 atoms using EAM (embedded atom method) potential with the object of investigating deformation induced phase tranformation (especially twin deformation). In the case of single nanocrystal model, the evolution and development of twin deformation, (111)[11(2)], is observed under compressive loading in [001] direction, whereas either slip or twin deformation is not recognized under tensile loading. In the case of twinned nanocrystal model, twin, (111)[11(2)], decreases and disappears under tensile loading, and develops under compressive loading, It is suggested from the difference of results between single nanocrystal model and twinned nanocrystal model that it is easy for twin to induce local deformation.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 8
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309020
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19654
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_9.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Kyoji|
Abstract The molecular dynamics study is applied for interaction of the gas molecule with the solid wall to analyse the flow of a rarefied gas between two wall. The wall consisting of Pt molecules is considered to be in a state of physical adsorbates. Two problems are considered : one is the flow problem and the other is the temperature problem. It is found that the tangential momentum accommodation coefficient is about 0.8 when the relative speed ratio of the two walls is unity, while it decreases with increasing Knudsen number when the relative wall speed ratio is 5.0. It shown that the temperature accommodation coefficient is about 0.85 at 300K wall, 0.75 at 450K wall, and 0.69 at 600K wall.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 9
End Page 17
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309121
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19657
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_19.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Kyoji| Jiao Xuecheng| Jiao Xuezhen|
Abstract A new type of hydrocyclone with a perforated inner cylinder is tested experimentally to study its performance for liquid-solid separation. The size of the cyclone is small so that it may be effective for small particle separation. Two types of the inner cylinder were made : the one has 39.5% void fraction of the perforated surface and the other has 73.5% . The mean particle diameter is 4.5 μ m. It is found that the pressure loss of the cyclone with the inner cylinder is reduced by about 25% compared with that of the ordinary type. The new type cyclone has better separation efficiency.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 19
End Page 24
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309091