JaLCDOI 10.18926/19692
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_111.pdf
Author Fujihara Yutaka| Munesawa, Yoshiomi| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract Our country faces a serious problem of the environmental pollution by the production and the large quantity consumption of the industry product. The thoroughness of resources recycling has become necessary to solve these problems. As for the product design and the production control, how productivity should be improved has been discussed with extreme emphasis. But from now, as for the product design, both assemblability and disassemblability must be taken into consideration at the same time. And also in production management, it must be investigated how the products can be recycled in the low cost. Therfore, the facility layout method with two phases in recycling plant, which is composed of both the procedure for the layout of facility group and the procedure for the layout of intermal facility group by the optimal solution method and the suboptimal solution method by neural network is proposed in this paper.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 111
End Page 119
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309035
Author Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University|
Published Date 2011-01
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Volume volume45
Content Type Others
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15437
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_51.pdf
Author Kohno, Iichiro| Tanabe Kazuyasu| Tomita Takemitsu|
Abstract A technique for determining the layer structure and content of clay minerals was developed based on the relationship between temperature, and moisture characteristics of clay minerals. Moisture content in standard specimens, prepared by mixing montmorillonite, kaolinite and quartz in various proportions, was determined by measuring weight loss after heating. Based on the results from differential thermal analysis tests, the ignition loss method was found to be widely applicable to clays with montmorillonite and kaolinite as the main components. Dehydration of constituent water occurred at 530℃ and 800℃ in two- and three-layered clay minerals, respectively.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-11-30
Volume volume28
Issue issue1
Start Page 51
End Page 59
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307254
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15439
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_77.pdf
Author Wada, Osami| Nakajima Masamitsu|
Abstract This paper describes a method to design an antenna to focus millimeter-wave beam generated by a gyrotron. The antenna, which has been proposed by the authors, consists of a stair-cut circular waveguide and two cylindrical reflectors; one is elliptic and the other is parabolic. Its principle is based on the geometrical optics though slightly modified to consider the diffraction effect. Results of low-power experiments agree well with the design on beam direction, beam width and the position of the focal point. At 35.5 GHz using TE(01) mode, a focused beam with half-power thickness of 13 mm x 10 mm was obtained. This type of antennas find applications to millimeter-wave scattering measurement in fusion plasma research and high- energy-density source for material heating.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 77
End Page 92
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307321
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15441
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_93.pdf
Author Fukuyama, Atsushi| Kasai Takashi| Furutani, Yoichiro|
Abstract A one-dimensional tokamak transport code (TASK/TR) has been developed to analyze the evolution of a burning plasma accompanied with fusion reaction. This code deals with the electrons, deuterons, tritons, thermalized α particles, fast α particles and beam ions, separately, in order to describe the dependence of the reaction rate on the ion mixture ratio. As an energy transport model, the drift wave turbulence mode is employed. The heating and current drive by the neutral beam injection as well as the pellet injection for fuelling are also included. This code is applied to a reactor-grade plasma aimed at in the ITER project. The cases of an ignited plasma and a current-driven plasma are examined. The required power for full current drive is estimated. The effect of pellet injection, both fuel and impurity ions, is also studied.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 93
End Page 109
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307699
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15444
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_129.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract The spectrum of Schottky noise in ion storage rings is analyzed as density fluctuations in effectively one-dimensional plasmas. Strong coupling effects in these plasmas are discussed in relation to experimental observations.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 129
End Page 138
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307668
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15445
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_139.pdf
Author Hirose, Sohichi|
Abstract Scattering problems by a penny-shaped crack are solved using a time-domain boundary integral equation method, The crack is located in an infinite homogeneous, isotropic, linearly elastic solid, and is subjected to an oblique incident wave of either P-, SV-, or SH-wave, The hypersingular integral equation is solved to obtain near-field solutions as well as scattered far-fields. The accuracy of the present method is confirmed by comparing the near-field solutions for different arrangement of elements, Scattered far-fields are calculated for various incident waves, and their usefulness in quantitative non-destructive evaluation is discussed.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 139
End Page 150
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307492
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15447
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_129.pdf
Author Taniguchi, Takeo| Hirose, Sohichi| Ouchterlony Finn| Nakagawa Kohji| Miyaji Akihiko| Fukuoka Yasufumi|
Abstract The testing method of rock toughness is proposed by the international society of rock mechanics (ISRM), but the results may be influenced by the test pieces, and the details of the crack propagation and the stress intensity factors are not clarified through the testing. Also the experimental test requires tedious works for the preparation of test specimen and economical responsibility. The present study aims to simulate numerically the rock toughness testing which is proposed by ISRM. For this purpose, the authors propose a numerical method which can simulate the experimental testing, and they show the propriety of the proposed method by comparing the results with the experimental and other numerical methods. At the same time, they clarify the details of crack propagation behaviors in rocks, and show the change of the stress intensity factors. The proposed method is based on the displacement-type finite element method, and several techniques are introduced to obtain accurate solution of the mechanical behavior near the crack-tip area.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-11-30
Volume volume28
Issue issue1
Start Page 129
End Page 138
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307126
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15449
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_15.pdf
Author Furutani, Yoichiro| Totsuji, Hiroo| Komaki Kunitaka| Tanabe Masahiro|
Abstract An effective potential of an isolated partially ionized high-Z ion, calculated within the framework of the statistical models of atoms, is injected into the one-electron Schrödinger equation, in view of evaluating the electron density and comparing it with the results of statistical models. Starting from this initial value, a self-consistent electron density is obtained on the basis of the density functional theory, where quantum natures of electrons are fully taken into account.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1988-03-31
Volume volume22
Start Page 15
End Page 34
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307361
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15450
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_35.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract Several methods to derive thermodynamic sum rules for a system including charged particle are proposed and applied to charged mixtures as well as one-component systems. The validity of the statements is examined carefully with respect to the ordering in the powers of the wave number. As for the mixture of electrons and ions, it is shown how the aspect of the one-component plasma or the ionic mixture appears when electrons become strongly degenerate.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1988-03-31
Volume volume22
Start Page 35
End Page 44
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307661
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15452
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_9.pdf
Author Sakakibara, Akira| Kanadani, Teruto| Nakagawa, K.| Yokota, Y.|
Abstract The state above the solubility temperature of GP zones of Al-3mass % Mg alloy, which has a tendency for precipitation and preprecipitation at low temperature, was studied by resistivity measurement. Homogenization treatment at high temperature reduced Mg atoms in the surface layer. After quenching from 623K, the specimen was annealed sequentially at various temperatures above the GP zone solvus. The stationary resistivity obtained in annealing at a temperature was the same irrespective of the starting state and increased with decreasing annealing temperature. No precipitation was observed in the annealing. The results are not in favor of the segregation of Mg atoms to the dislocation loops but of the short range clustering.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1994-03-15
Volume volume28
Issue issue2
Start Page 9
End Page 12
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307581
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15454
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_63.pdf
Author Myojin Syo| Kishino Keiichi| Yamada Masahito|
Abstract The paper is a case study mode choice in interregional occupational person trips. Disagregate behavioral model of logit type is applied to the occupational person trips from Tsuyama area in Okayama Prefecture to Osaka area. The model turned out to give asignificant explanation of the interregional mode choice characteristics. Travel time, travelling expenses and " with or wi thout heavy baggage " were found to be significant.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1988-03-31
Volume volume22
Start Page 63
End Page 70
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307421
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15455
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_1.pdf
Author Matsuda, Masaaki| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract Display equipment has been used as communication media in the factory, office, and home. In order to communicate effectively, it is necessary to clarify the characteristics of eye movement in the case of looking at the display. The development of Eye Camera enables us to measure eye movement during work, so that we can collect the many data of eye movement during work. In this study, we proposed a method to evaluate the visual work using the distribution of visual points in X and Y axis. The cumulative distribution is approximated by the logistic curve which shows the symmetry and kurtosis by the parameter. The proposed method was applied to the three typical display models, that is, the digital meter model, reading model, and game model. In the digital meter model, the visual points were distributed symmetrically along the meters, and the symmetry and kurtosis of the distribution varied by the arranged direction of the meter. In the reading model, the visual points were distributed nearly symmetrically and uniformly in each axis and they were moved around the character and line from the period of spectrum analysis. In the game model, the visual points moved according to the target and were distributed symmetrically in the Y axis. And whether the target moved vertically or horizontally, the kurtosis of the distribution became equal in each axis.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1988-11-22
Volume volume23
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 12
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307354
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15456
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_21.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Kyoji| Jiao Xuezhen|
Abstract An experimental investigation has been made of the cyclone dust collector with a perforated internal rotating cylinder. The size of the rotating cylinder is of 0.5D, where D is the diameter of the cyclone body, and is the same size as the outlet tube. The dust collection efficiency as well as the pressure loss has been measured when the inlet flow speed is 9 ~ 21 m/s and the rotating speed of the cylinder is 37 ~ 63 m/s. The velocity and pressure distributions were also measured. It is found that the collection efficiency decreases and the pressure loss increases as the rotating speed increases. It is also shown that both the inward radial velocity and the upward vertical velocity become large as the rotating cylinder increases its speed. As a whole, the rotation of the internal cylinder makes worse performance of the cyclone dust collector.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1994-03-15
Volume volume28
Issue issue2
Start Page 21
End Page 31
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307575
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15458
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_33.pdf
Author Wang, Ming| Ahmed, Anis| Wada, Osami| Koga, Ryuji|
Abstract Proposed here is a convenient optical system to collimate the crescent shaped blue laser beam radiated from a Cerenkov SHG in channel waveguide configuration. This collimation system is consisted of a parabolic mirror and has a very large tolerance to the mirror displacement. The anisotropy of the nonlinear crystal on which the waveguide is fabricated has been taken into account. The optimum mirror location is given to obtain a collimated blue laser beam with an aberration less than 0.07λ. By using an objective lens, the collimated beam can be focused down to a thin beam with the spot size less than 1μm.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1994-03-15
Volume volume28
Issue issue2
Start Page 33
End Page 44
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307149
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15461
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_53.pdf
Author Totsuji, Chieko| Matsubara Takeo| Miyata Satoru|
Abstract One of the best known solid solution of perovskites is the PbTiO(3)-PbZrO(3) system which is usually abbreviated as PZT. In the phase diagram of this system, there is a drastic phase change from tetragonal to rhombohedral at the molar ratio around 50:50. The PZT crystals are widely used as a practical piezoelectric material because of its very strong piezoelectric effect near this morphotropic phase boundary. We try to explain this anomaly in piezoelectric constant by a phenomenological theory.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1994-03-15
Volume volume28
Issue issue2
Start Page 53
End Page 58
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307223
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15467
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_61.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Yoshitake| Yamamoto, Tatsuma|
Abstract Skin impedance satisfies the Cole-Cole arc's law. The change of skin impedance during GSR (Galvanic Skin Reflex) can be expressed by the change of equivalent parallel resistance approximately. Using these characteristics, the complicated change of skin impedance during GSR can be determined continuously from the measurement value in one frequency point.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1988-11-22
Volume volume23
Issue issue1
Start Page 61
End Page 68
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307322
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15468
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_69.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Takei Makoto|
Abstract The statistical properties of two-dimensional systems of charges in semiconductor superlattices are analyzed and the dispersion relation of the plasma oscillation is calculated. The possibility to excite these oscillations by applying the electric field parallel to the structure is discussed.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1988-11-22
Volume volume23
Issue issue1
Start Page 69
End Page 82
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307988
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15469
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_2_1.pdf
Author Kamiyabu, Hideto| Sakakibara, Akira| Maeda, Hironobu| Hida, Moritaka|
Abstract Surface tension (γ(L)) and contact angle (θ) of gallium related to wettability on Teflon and other substrates (Al(2)O(3), SiO(2), glass, graphite, BN, AI, Ni, As etc.) were investigated. The values of Teflon were 0.70(6)N/m and 158° in pure argon atmosphere, and the ones of other substrates were listed in a table in this text. We were interested especially in the relative values, γ(L)'s, on the substrates as compared with γ(L) on Teflon substrate. Liquid Ga showed spreading wetting on pure Ni metal and adhesional wetting on Al (supposed to be covered by A1(2)O(3)) and on metallic polycrystal As. Surface tension of Ga was remarkably decreased by a kind of oxide contamination due to oxygen in air. The surface layer coated by the contamination was of amorphous state nearly same as liquid Ga. The amorphous coat caused liquid Ga rather high supercooling of △T~35K. It seems that the contamination layer (oxide fi1m) smeared the crystal nucleation sites on the free surface of liquid Ga
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1989-03-30
Volume volume23
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 8
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307294
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15381
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_75.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Inoue, Yoshihiko| Kishimoto, Tokunari| Totsuji, Chieko| Nara, Shigetoshi|
Abstract Molecular dynamics of the Yukawa system, the system of particles interacting via the Yukawa or the screened Coulomb potential, are formulated for various statistical ensembles and external conditions. The Yukawa potential smoothly interpolates the long-range Coulomb and the short-range interactions by adjusting a single parameter, the screening length. In order to reduce the effect of boundaries, the periodic boundary conditions are imposed and the deformations of the fundamental vectors of periodicity are taken into account. Ewald-type expressions for interaction energy, force, and kinematic pressure are given explicitly.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 75
End Page 87
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307479