JaLCDOI 10.18926/14087
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_41_1_73.pdf
Author Kanatani, Kenichi|
Abstract A rigorous accuracy analysis is given to various techniques for estimating parameters of geometric models from noisy data for computer vision applications. First, it is pointed out that parameter estimation for vision applications is very different in nature from traditional statistical analysis and hence a different mathematical framework is necessary in such a domain. After general theories on estimation and accuracy are given, typical existing techniques are selected, and their accuracy is evaluated up to higher order terms. This leads to a “hyperaccurate” method that outperforms existing methods.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2007-01
Volume volume41
Issue issue1
Start Page 73
End Page 92
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308410
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14086
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_41_1_63.pdf
Author Kanatani, Kenichi| Sugaya, Yasuyuki|
Abstract The convergence performance of typical numerical schemes for geometric fitting for computer vision applications is compared. First, the problem and the associated KCR lower bound are stated. Then, three well known fitting algorithms are described: FNS, HEIV, and renormalization. To these, we add a special variant of Gauss-Newton iterations. For initialization of iterations, random choice, least squares, and Taubin’s method are tested. Numerical simulations and real image experiments and conducted for fundamental matrix computation and ellipse fitting, which reveals different characteristics of each method.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2007-01
Volume volume41
Issue issue1
Start Page 63
End Page 72
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308585
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14056
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_18.pdf
Author Kanatani, Kenichi| Yasuyuki Sugaya|
Abstract We classify and review existing algorithms for computing the fundamental matrix from point correspondences and propose new effective schemes: 7-parameter Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) search, EFNS, and EFNS-based bundle adjustment. Doing experimental comparison, we show that EFNS and the 7-parameter LM search exhibit the best performance and that additional bundle adjustment does not increase the accuracy to any noticeable degree.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2008-01
Volume volume42
Issue issue1
Start Page 18
End Page 35
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308468
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14055
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_10.pdf
Author Kanatani, Kenichi|
Abstract The author introduced the "geometric AIC" and the "geometric MDL" as model selection criteria for geometric fitting problems. These correspond to Akaike’s "AIC" and Rissanen's "BIC", respectively, well known in the statistical estimation framework. Another criterion well known is Schwarz’ "BIC", but its counterpart for geometric fitting has been unknown. This paper introduces the corresponding criterion, which we call the "geometric BIC", and shows that it is of the same form as the geometric MDL. We present the underlying logical reasoning of Bayesian estimation.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2008-01
Volume volume42
Issue issue1
Start Page 10
End Page 17
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308447
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19660
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_25.pdf
Author Song Baoyin| Inaba, Hideo| Horibe, Akihiko|
Abstract A set mathematical models was developed for predicting the performance of an open-type flat-plate solar collector, and solved numerically through an implicit difference method. The effects of various parameters on the absorption of solar energy for the collector were investigated. The results showed that the solar energy absorptance of the open-type flat-plate collector was relatively high especially for the region where the weather was humid and hot, and there were an optimum length and an optimum tilt angle for the absorbing plate on which the collector could obtain the highest solar energy absorptance. It was found that the latent heat flux of water evaporation could be 5 to 15 times larger than the sensible heat flux. The effects of the magnitude of the solar incident flux, the atmospheric humidity, the atmospheric temperature, the absorbing plate tilt angle, and water film thickness on the temperature rising of the water film were clarified in numerical quantities. The increase of the solar incident flux, the atmospheric humidity or the atmospheric temperature also resulted in a rise in the energy absorptance of the collector.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 25
End Page 37
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308992
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15354
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_34_1.pdf
Author Song Baoyin| Inaba, Hideo| Horibe, Akihiko| Takahashi Takashi|
Abstract The experiment for investigating the falling snow melting characteristics of warm water flowing along sheet channels spread on a roof was performed in Tookamachi city, Nigata prefecture from February 6 to February 7, 1995. The sheet surface temperatures at 11 positions in 3 channels were measured. A physical model for a gas-water-snow system was constructed to compare the predicted results with the measured ones. A fully spread uniform water film in the sheet channel was observed in the experiments. The experimental results elucidated that it was feasible to use warm water flowing along sheet channels for melting falling snow on roofs. The temperature drop in the sheet channel mainly depended on the snowfall intensity, atmospheric temperature and wind speed. Under the influence of the roof edge, the temperature drop in the channel next to the side edge was much larger than that in middle channels. A water-snow two phase flow or a snow covered frozen water was experienced temporarily in the lower reaches of the water flowing channel. These suggest that a larger water flow rate is needed for the channel next to the roof edge, and a higher inlet temperature or a greater water flow rate is required for a severe weather condition. There was reasonably good agreement between the measured and predicted water temperatures.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2000-03-27
Volume volume34
Issue issue1-2
Start Page 1
End Page 12
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307686
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14084
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_41_1_52.pdf
Author Inaba, Hideo| Syahrul Husain| Horibe, Akihiko| Haruki, Naoto|
Abstract The effects of heat and mass transfer parameters on the efficiency of fluidized bed drying have been studied to optimize the input and output conditions. The analysis was carried out using two different materials, wheat and corn. Energy and exergy models based on the first and second law of thermodynamic are developed. Furthermore, some unified non-dimensional experimental correlations for predicting the efficiency of fluidized bed drying process have been proposed. The effects of hydrodynamics and thermodynamics conditions such as the inlet air temperature, the initial moisture content and well known Fourier and Reynolds numbers on energy efficiency and exergy efficiency were analyzed using the developed model. A good agreement was achieved between the model predictions, non-dimensional correlations and the available experimental results.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2007-01
Volume volume41
Issue issue1
Start Page 52
End Page 62
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308668
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15517
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_2_123.pdf
Author Taniguchi, Takeo| Ohta, Chikashi|
Abstract The aim of this investigation is the proposal of 3D mesh generation method based on the Delaunay triangulation. The method is valid for the finite element modelling of any convex 3D domain into tetrahedra with optimum geometrical configuration. This paper includes the mathematical background of the mesh generation method, its detail, proposal of some efficient tools for faster and more rigorous computations, and some examples of the mesh generation.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-03-28
Volume volume25
Issue issue2
Start Page 123
End Page 133
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307904
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15515
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_2_95.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Ishikura Satoshi| Takayama Norihisa|
Abstract Critical temperatures of two-dimensional microstructures with superconducting proximity effect in the dirty limit are evaluated for various geometrical constructions. As a numerical method, the finite element method is applied. Guidelines in estimating critical temperatures are given for the case where the decay of superconducting order parameter is either sufficiently slow or fast in comparison with the scale length of the structure.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-03-28
Volume volume25
Issue issue2
Start Page 95
End Page 113
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307413
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15513
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_2_81.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract Numerical methods for the analysis of the proximity effect in superconducting microstructures in the dirty limit are formulated on the basis of the finite element method. One- and two-dimensional cases are considered and third order Hermite shape functions are used. The results are also applicable to investigations of electronic states in semiconductor superlattice structures.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-03-28
Volume volume25
Issue issue2
Start Page 81
End Page 93
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307242
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15423
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_95.pdf
Author Kawakami, Hiroshi| Konishi, Tadataka|
Abstract This paper describes a method to construct IDEA BANK automatically. IDEA BANK is the data base of the "function-structure module" which is utilized in systematic conceptual design from Value Engineering perspectives. The method based on the Machine Learning EBL technique was evaluated and implemented for the IDEA BANK using SUN workstation. The practical implementation of the IDEA BANK acquisition was discussed after elucidating the problem and solution of the EBL technique in engineering design. In the IDEA BANK system, the structural features of an existing article are analyzed by hierarchically organized domain specific knowledge to yield a systematic explanation of how they function and attain their design goals. The explanation resulted in a generalized version of the Functional Diagram used in Value Engineering from which "function-structure module" can be extracted systematically.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 95
End Page 108
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307756
JaLCDOI 10.18926/49322
FullText URL mfe_047_025_032.pdf
Author Nekado, Kenta| Takai, Yusuke| Nogami, Yasuyuki|
Abstract Pairing–based cryptosystems are well implemented with Ate–type pairing over Barreto–Naehrig (BN) curve. Then, for instance, their securities depend on the difficulty of Discrete Logarithm Problem (DLP) on the so–denoted G3 over BN curve. This paper, in order to faster solve the DLP, first proposes to utilize Gauss period Normal Basis (GNB) for Pollard’s rho method, and then considers to accelerate the solving by an adoption of lazy random walk, namely tag tracing technique proposed by Cheon et al.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2013-01
Volume volume47
Start Page 25
End Page 32
ISSN 1349-6115
language 英語
Copyright Holders Copyright © by the authors
File Version publisher
NAID 120005232374
JaLCDOI 10.18926/49321
FullText URL mfe_047_019_024.pdf
Author Nogami, Yasuyuki| Sumo, Taichi|
Abstract Recent efficient pairings such as Ate pairing use two efficient rational point subgroups such that π(P) = P and π(Q) = [p]Q, where π, p, P, and Q are the Frobenius map for rational point, the characteristic of definition field, and torsion points for pairing, respectively. This relation accelerates not only pairing but also pairing–related operations such as scalar multiplications. It holds in the case that the embedding degree k divides r − 1, where r is the order of torsion rational points. Thus, such a case has been well studied. Alternatively, this paper focuses on the case that the degree divides r + 1 but does not divide r − 1. Then, this paper shows a multiplicative representation for r–torsion points based on the fact that the characteristic polynomial f(π) becomes irreducible over Fr for which π also plays a role of variable.
Keywords pairing–friendly curve torsion point group structure rank
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2013-01
Volume volume47
Start Page 19
End Page 24
ISSN 1349-6115
language 英語
Copyright Holders Copyright © by the authors
File Version publisher
NAID 120005232373
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47029
FullText URL mfe_36_2_083_089.pdf
Author Watanabe, Tetsushi| Wada, Osami| Koga, Ryuji| Toyota, Yoshitaka| Miyashita, Takuya|
Abstract Suppression of common-mode current is important to achieve electromagnetic compatibility of high-speed and high-density electronic circuits. The authors have focused on the common mode current flowing on a printed circuit board (PCB) to explain the excitation mechanism. A narrow ground pattern in microstrip structure excites common-mode current. In the previous paper, the authors explained the mechanism of common mode generation by means of "current division factor" for simple PCBs. The estimated radiation from a simple PCB agreed well with measured one. In this paper, the authors extend the theory to be applied to generalize ground structure. The validity of the theory is confirmed by comparing the measured radiation and the estimated value using the common-mode model for a test PCB. The estimated radiation agrees well with the measured one within 3 dB up to 900 MHz.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2002-03
Volume volume36
Issue issue2
Start Page 83
End Page 89
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120003497051
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47028
FullText URL mfe_36_2_073_082.pdf
Author Hidayat, Iip Syarif| Toyota, Yoshitaka| Torigoe, Osamu| Wada, Osami| Koga, Ryuji|
Abstract A multi-path ring-resonator (MPRR) was proposed to extend FSR of ring resonator. However, it is complicated to analyze the MPRR by using well-known analysis techniques such as scattering matrix or other numerical methods. This paper describes procedure for deriving transfer matrix by means of signal flow-chart to analyze the MPRR. We do not need complicated calculation for steady state analysis because transfer matrix elements are formulated clearly. As a result, The calcultaion time in this method can be reduced 1/3 to 1/20 times compared with using scattering matirx method. Furthermore, a transmittance characteristics of the MPRR at FSR extension-factor of 10 will also be shown. This suggests that analysis of other types of the MPRR by using this method can be performed simply and take a shorter time.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2002-03
Volume volume36
Issue issue2
Start Page 73
End Page 82
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120003497050
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47027
FullText URL mfe_36_2_067_072.pdf
Author Yoshioka, Tomohiko| Tsuru, Kanji| Hayakawa, Satoshi| Osaka, Akiyoshi|
Abstract Alginic acid was immobilized on γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane-coated glass as a model substrate since an alginic acid layer was known to prevent cell adhesion. The surface was characterized with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurement. The coated substrates adsorbed practically no calcium phosphates on their surfaces when soaked in a simulated body fluid (SBF) of Kolrubo recipe. Since calcium ions are one of the factors for blood clotting, the present alginic acid coating is one of the candidates to improve blood compatibility of clinical materials.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2002-03
Volume volume36
Issue issue2
Start Page 67
End Page 72
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 80015582225
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47026
FullText URL mfe_36_2_061_066.pdf
Author Yamagiwa, Masashi| Namba, Akitoshi| Akao, Tetsuyuki| Mizuki, Eiichi| Ohba, Michio| Sakai, Hiroshi|
Abstract The crystal proteins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis subsp, israelensis (Bti) and subsp. coreanensis A1519 strain were examined for the cytotoxicity against MOLT-4 and HeLa cells by MTT assay and LDH assay, The A1519 crystal proteins processed by proteinase K exhibited the specific cell-killing activity toward MOLT-4 with little damage to the cell membrane, On the other hand, the Bti crystal proteins processed by proteinase K caused the substantial damage to the cell membrane of both MOLT-4 and HeLa, leading to the cell lysis. The non-digested crystal proteins of both strains exhibited no cytotoxicity, These data suggested that while the Bti crystal proteins caused the colloid-osmotic swelling and cell lysis of MOLT-4 and HeLa, the proteinase K-digested A1519 crystal proteins induced the specific cell death of MOLT-4 through a mechanism other than that of Bti.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2002-03
Volume volume36
Issue issue2
Start Page 61
End Page 66
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 80015582224
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47025
FullText URL mfe_36_2_051_060.pdf
Author Hikida, Masaki| Magari, Masaki| Nakayama, Yasunori| Kanayama, Naoki| Ohmori, Hitoshi|
Abstract A population of peripheral B cells have been shown to express recombination activating gene products, RAG-1 and RAG-2, which are considered to be involved in revising the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) in the periphery. BCR engagement has been reported to turn off RAG expression in peripheral B cells, whereas the same treatment has an opposite effect in immature B cells in the bone marrow. In contrast to receptor editing that is involved in the removal of autoreactivity in immature B cells, it has been shown that secondary V(D)J rearrangement in peripheral B cells, termed receptor revision, contributes to affinity maturation of antibodies. Here, we show that RAG-2 expression in murine splenic B cells was abrogated by the coligation of BCR with complement receptors (CD21/CD35) much more efficiently than by the engagement of BCR alone. On the other hand, the same coligation augmented proliferation of anti-CD40-stimulated B cells. Consistent with these observations, RAG-2 expression was lower in the draining lymph nodes of the quasi-monoclonal mice when they were immunized with a high-affinity antigen than with a low-affinity one. These findings suggest a crucial role for CD21/CD35 in directing the conservation or the revision of BCRs in peripheral B cells.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2002-03
Volume volume36
Issue issue2
Start Page 51
End Page 60
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 80015582223
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47024
FullText URL mfe_36_2_043_049.pdf
Author Vaillancourt, Chico|
Abstract In this case study, I will analyse and discuss the results of a survey concerning motivation towards learning a second language conducted in four Canadian schools. This section, part one of the study, was conducted in the Sudbury Region of Ontario, Canada. This region of the world was chosen because bilingualism is quite common there and a large portion of the community has learned a second language. Part two will be conducted in the winter of 2002, in Denmark, a European country that neighbours many countries with different mother tongues, I hope to conclude this case study with part three in the summer of 2002, in Japan, a monolingual island nation.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2002-03
Volume volume36
Issue issue2
Start Page 43
End Page 49
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120003497045
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47023
FullText URL mfe_36_2_015_042.pdf
Author Ohtani, Ryuji| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi|
Abstract In this paper, we studied a planning and scheduling of production system considering demand changes. In the proposed system, planning part determines lot-size and amount of jobs in production. On the other hand, scheduling part determines the production sequence of jobs. In order to treat with the demand changes, both planning and scheduling should work well simultaneously. In the proposed system, preset and real time production control system is newly constructed from the view point of adaptive control. In the system, production planning is modified when the difference between production amount and demand becomes large. Moreover, production schedule is regenerated when the determined schedule is deviated from the prospected one. The scheduling system is characterized as the autonomous decentralized optimization system where each job works as agent and agent searches its appropriate starting time of processing. The effectiveness of the proposed system is confirmed by numerical examples.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2002-03
Volume volume36
Issue issue2
Start Page 15
End Page 42
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 80015471209