JaLCDOI 10.18926/15429
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_25.pdf
Author Matsuda, Masaaki| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract The eye movement has been studied widely, because it gives various information about the characteristics of visual work. Almost all of those studies have concentrated on the distribution of the visual points, the direction and width of the saccadic movement and the fixation time of the measures. However there are few measures to evaluate the relationship between the visual objects and eye movement. Recently, the personal computer become portable and this makes it possible to analyze the many data and to show the results graphically on the experimental field. In this study, we propose a series of methods to evaluate how a subject looks at a visual field using the queue theory, and how often man looks at the central part of the visual field using the statistical two-dimensional ellipse. We developed the Pascal program on an personal computer(NEC PC9800). This program has 3 functions. One is the measurement of eye movement, the second is the calculation of the proposed measures and the third is the display of the results of these calculations.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 25
End Page 41
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308015
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15428
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_83.pdf
Author Tsuru, Kanji| Nishiyama Chikako| Ohtsuki, Chikara| Osaka, Akiyoshi|
Abstract One of the CaO,SiO(2)-based bioactive glasses(5OCaO・ 5OSiO (2) in mol%) were soaked for various periods in a simulated body fluid(SBF) with or without containing alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, and 1-propanol. Effect of the alcohols was investigated on the apatite formation on the glass surface with thin-film X-ray diffraction, FT-IR reflection spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Under the presence of alcohols up to 0.1mol/l in the SBF an apatite layer was formed on the glass, while it consisted of crystallites similar in morphology but larger in size than that found for the SBF without the alcohols. It was concluded that the alcohols little influenced the the apatite forming ability of the CaO,SiO(2)-based glasses.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 83
End Page 88
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307301
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15427
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_17.pdf
Author Feng Yibu| Inaba, Hideo| Nozu, Shigeru|
Abstract Heat transfer measurements were conducted during freezing of quiescent water in a horizontal cylinder. A horizontal cylinder with inner diameter of 61.1 mm is cooled by air in a constant low temperature room and time variations of the radial distribution of fluid temperature were observed. Experimental results for the velocity of the phase change interface, the time taken for complete freezing and apparent freezing heat transfer coefficient were compared with the simple theoretical model based on the quasisteady assumption.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 17
End Page 24
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307382
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15426
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_77.pdf
Author Tsuru, Kanji| Nishiyama Chikako| Ohtsuki, Chikara| Osaka, Akiyoshi|
Abstract Poly(methyl methacrylate) substrates were immersed in suspensions containing bioactive 50CaO・50SiO(2) (mol%) glass particles (45 μm in diameter) and a 6:4 (volume fraction) mixture of ethanol and THF, and an ultrasonic energy was applied to the system. A layer of glass particles was implanted and covered more than 50% of the substrate surface. Thin film X-ray diffraction patterns and FT-IR reflection spectra indicated deposition of apatite on the glass-implanted substrates after they were soaked for 12 h in a simulated body fluid similar in apatite-deposition ability to the human blood plasma. Flake-like apatite crystallites formed on the substrate soaked in SBF for 3 days.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 77
End Page 81
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307332
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15425
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_1.pdf
Author Inaba, Hideo| Otake, Hideo| Nozu, Shigeru|
Abstract Radiative characteristics of the frost layer melted by radiative heat are experimentally examined. A frost layer is heated from above by the radiative heat from a halogen lamp set. Thermal radiation of the lamp has the wavelength spectrum characteristics similar to those of the solar radiation. The effect of the environmental temperature upon the frost melting process is clarified in experiments. The optical characteristics of reflectivity, absorptivity and transmissivity of the frost layer during the melting of the frost layer are measured using special measuring instruments.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 16
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307428
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15424
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_67.pdf
Author Totsuji, Chieko| Matsubara Takeo| Obuchi Masumi|
Abstract The π-electron band of C(60) molecule has been obtained by the tight binding approximation. Application of molecular orbital wave functions derived on the basis of the optimized bond orbital model gives, with simpler calculations, the results in satisfactory agreement with those of previous theoretical analyses.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 67
End Page 76
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307408
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15423
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_95.pdf
Author Kawakami, Hiroshi| Konishi, Tadataka|
Abstract This paper describes a method to construct IDEA BANK automatically. IDEA BANK is the data base of the "function-structure module" which is utilized in systematic conceptual design from Value Engineering perspectives. The method based on the Machine Learning EBL technique was evaluated and implemented for the IDEA BANK using SUN workstation. The practical implementation of the IDEA BANK acquisition was discussed after elucidating the problem and solution of the EBL technique in engineering design. In the IDEA BANK system, the structural features of an existing article are analyzed by hierarchically organized domain specific knowledge to yield a systematic explanation of how they function and attain their design goals. The explanation resulted in a generalized version of the Functional Diagram used in Value Engineering from which "function-structure module" can be extracted systematically.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 95
End Page 108
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307756
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15422
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_57.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract As plasmas with extremely reduced dimensionality, properties of one-dimensional classical plasmas are analyzed in the domain of strong coupling and static and dynamic structure factors and the plasmon dispersion relation are obtained. These plasmas may be realized in Penning traps with sufficiently strong confinement and also in semiconductor quantum wires under appropriate conditions.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 57
End Page 65
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307838
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15421
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_75.pdf
Author Myojin Sho| Noguchi Hisahumi| Yamada Masahito|
Abstract Four radials-single ring urban expressway network is priced and, simultaneously, optimized in its spatial formation under the constraint that a balance must be kept of revenue and expenditure. The model consists of three sub-models: road system, car trip generation-attraction and traffic diversion. Network performance is assessed on two criteria; trip number criterion on which the aggregate number of car trips diverted onto expressway is maximized and travel hour criterion on which the travel hours of car trips integrated over the road system; surface and expressway, is minimized. Optimization is tried by numerical calculation for some sets of parameters in the model. The results are summarized as follows; (1) simultaneous optimization of price and spatial formation of the expressway network is possible on each of criteria, (2) trip number criterion produces lower pricing and smaller network while travel hour criterion does higher pricing and larger network, (3) optimum solution lies in a delicate relation of price and spatial network formation that comes from the balance constraint.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 75
End Page 94
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307318
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15420
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_61.pdf
Author Kawara, Osami| Danno Hideki| Kunimatsu Takao|
Abstract Lake Biwa is the largest lake in Japan, and one of the most important fresh water resources. The Hino River is the fourth largest river among the rivers which flow into Lake Biwa. The eutrophication of the lake has been warned since the 1960s. In order to improve the water quality of the lake, to decrease the loads through rivers is inevitable. Therefore, it is needed to predict the effects of measures to control pollutant loads and the influence of development in the basin on the loads from rivers before developing the basin and taking measures. This paper deals mainly with the model of water quality management for the Hino River and the effects of the development in the basin on the water quality. The model was formulated considering loads from forests, rice paddy fields, households, housing land, industrial factories. Using this model, a calculation system by a microcomputer was developed and the influence of urbanization of the basin was discussed.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 61
End Page 73
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307182
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15419
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_49.pdf
Author Ahmed, Anis| Taniguchi, Shinji| Wada, Osami| Wang, Ming| Koga, Ryuji|
Abstract For weakly guiding dielectric waveguides, the eigenmode field distributions are calculated numerically with a simple algorithm. In this numerical method, the transverse sampling space can be chosen arbitrarily, and hence a narrow waveguide can be analyzed. The field satisfying scalar wave equation is expressed by the discrete Fourier transform and the mode eigenvalues and eigenfunctions are calculated by solving an eigenvalue equation numerically. The validity of this method is checked for 2-D waveguides having step and parabolic or square index distributions. It is found that for the well guided TE modes of the slab waveguide, the accuracy of this method is remarkably good, but some discrepancies are found if the mode is near cut off. In the problems where the normalized guide index b is small, caution should be taken in applying the results of this numerical method.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 49
End Page 55
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307858
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15418
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_51.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Shirokoshi Hideki| Nara, Shigetoshi|
Abstract Variable shape molecular dynamics is formulated for the one-component plasma and the structural transition from the fcc lattice to the bcc lattice has been observed. It is emphasized that the condition of constant volume should be imposed when deformations of periodic boundary conditions are taken into account.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 51
End Page 59
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307555
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15417
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_39.pdf
Author Oka, Hisao| Sakamoto, Shun-ya| Irie Takashi|
Abstract The body structures under the skin surface, such as bones and tendon, have an influence on the stiffness evaluation observed from the surface. In this case, the observed stiffness should be called an apparent stiffness. To obtain the biomechanical properties of skin itself, the influence of body structure should be removed. This study deals with the correction method of apparent viscoelasticity which calculated from apparent biomechanical impedance. This method is applied to the measured result of the forearm and the right chest to confirm its effectiveness.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 39
End Page 47
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307527
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15416
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_43.pdf
Author Bouzidi, Moncef| Koga, Ryuji| Wada, Osami| Kagawa, Naoki| Hai Xu| Kosaka, Megumi| Sano HIroya|
Abstract A numerical technique called as "adjoint spectrum" has been proposed by the authors in a previous work. Two applications of it are presented here. It is demonstrated that by generalizing the aspect of adjoint spectrum it becomes possible to measure densities of mixed gases simultaneously. An experimental proof of this has been carried on and simultaneous measurement of densities of both methane and dinitrogen oxide was realized. On the other hand, it is also reported that frequency shifting of spectra, which is a cause of error in spectrometric measurements, can be corrected by exploiting the adjoint spectrum technique in connection with the Taylor expansion. Numerical examples showing the success of this method are reported as well.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 43
End Page 49
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307796
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15415
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_29.pdf
Author Oka, Hisao| Fukuda, Takashi|
Abstract In the stiffness evaluation from the skin surface, the body structure under the skin, like a bone and muscle, influences on the measurement results. The authors developed the measurement system of biomechanical impedance with applying a vibration of acoustic frequency onto the body surface. We measured the viscoelasticity of the silicone-gel model, which involves metal blocks, from the gel surface by using this system. The internal structure of model is estimated from the relation between the viscoelasticity and the distance from the gel surface to the internal block. Applying this method, the shape of ribs of the right chest are estimated. The shapes and viscoelasticity of silicone-gel tumor model, which has two different tumors, are also estimated.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 29
End Page 37
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307199
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15414
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_27.pdf
Author Tomita, Eiji| Nsunge Felix Chintu| Hamamoto, Yoshisuke|
Abstract Distributions of hydrogen gas concentration in a suddenly started, single shot hydrogen gas jet issuing from a 1 mm diameter injector into still air were measured using laser interferometry method. This unsteady, turbulent free jet flow has also been calculated using the two-equation, high Reynolds number version of k-ε turbulence model and hybrid scheme for treating combined diffusion and convection in the SIMPLE algorithm. The injection pressure was 0.5 MPa for which predicted and measured temporal jet tip penetration distributions indicate that the jet discharged into still air at Mach 0.25. The level of agreement between present prediction and measurement is good in some regions and poor in others.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 27
End Page 41
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307648
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15413
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_23.pdf
Author Kajihara, Yasuhiro| Osaki, Hirokazu| Dong Rui|
Abstract A method for reducing the variety of parts is proposed. The variety of parts in a product and the variety of parts among products are evaluated in consideration of some factors that influence the production cost. Rules are formulated for selecting parts which should be eliminated or whose designs should be changed to reduce these varieties. An expert system is developed based on this method for reducing the variety of parts.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 23
End Page 27
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307257
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15412
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_21.pdf
Author Nozu, Shigeru| Inaba, Hideo|
Abstract A numerical study is performed for the facilitated diffusion of carbon-dioxide in an ultrapure water film flowing downward along a vertical surface. The model adopted for the present work includes the effects of the reaction rate for the hydration of CO(2)in a liquid. Comparison of the total concentration of CO(2) for different film thickness indicates that the effects of the hydration is more remarkable for the thinner liquid film.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 21
End Page 26
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307958
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15411
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_13.pdf
Author Dwianto Gatot| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro|
Abstract We propose a method to design the supplying method of parts to an assembly line. Three types of supplying model (Serial, Parallel, and Mixed) are proposed based on the relation between the area of part and that of the transportation equipment. The part is supplied by the pallet on which the all parts of one product are arranged or by the lot of one part. AGV or conveyor are used to transport the pallet. The supplying model is evaluated from the total transportation cost calculated from the price of the transportation equipment and of land.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 13
End Page 21
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307903
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15410
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_9.pdf
Author Uno, Yoshiyuki| Nakajima, Toshikatsu| Okada Minoru|
Abstract Practical utilization of ram type electrical discharge machining in uninflammable fluid has been expected in place of inflammable kerosine type fluid for unmanned operation in a workshop. The electrical discharge machining performance in deionized water is experimentally investigated on the basis of the analysis of the crater generated by a single pulse discharge. The experimental analysis makes it clear that the electrical discharge machining performance in deionized water is greatly affected by the electrode polarity. The metal removal rate in the normal polarity machining is higher than that in reverse polarity machining, while the electrode wear rate in the normal polarity machining is greater than that in reverse polarity machining. Therefore the electrode polarity should be properly selected according to the purpose of machining.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 9
End Page 20
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307319