fulltext.pdf 1.71 MB
Tsutsumi, Koichiro Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Okayama University Hospital ORCID Kaken ID researchmap
Ueki, Toru Departments of Internal Medicine, Fukuyama City Hospital
Noma, Yasuhiro Department of Internal Medicine, National Hospital Organization Fukuyama Medical Center
Omonishi, Kunihiro Departments of Internal Medicine and Pathology, Fukuyama City Hospital
Ohno, Kyotaro Departments of Internal Medicine and Pathology, Fukuyama City Hospital
Kawahara, Soichiro Departments of Internal Medicine, Fukuyama City Hospital
Oda, Takashi Departments of Internal Medicine, Fukuyama City Hospital
Kato, Hironari Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Okayama University Hospital ORCID Kaken ID researchmap
Background The histological diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) by an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided approach is still challenging. Methods We investigated the utility of the 21-gauge Menghini-type biopsy needle with the rolling method for the histological diagnosis of AIP, in comparison with conventional 22-gauge needles. Among total 28 patients, rate of definitive histological diagnosis, acquired sample area of tissue, rate of histopathological diagnosis of AIP, and adverse events were retrospectively analyzed. Results Definitive histological diagnoses were successfully accomplished in all 14 patients (100%) treated with a Menghini-type needle, and in 57% of cases (8/14) treated with conventional 22-gauge needles (P < 0.001). The median sample area of the tissue, except for blood contamination, was remarkably larger by the Menghini-type needle than by conventional-type needles (6.2 [IQR, 4.5–8.8] versus 0.7 [IQR, 0.2–2.0] mm2, P < 0.001), and the area per punctures was approximately 4 times larger (1.4 [IQR: 0.9–2.9] versus 0.3 [IQR: 0.1–0.6] mm2/puncture, P < 0.001). Based on the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria, lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, abundant IgG4-postive cells, storiform fibrosis, and obliterative phlebitis were found in 86%/29%, 64%/0%, 36%/0%, and 7%/0% patients who were treated with the Menghini-type needle and conventional-type needles, respectively. Consequently, histopathological diagnosis with type 1 AIP (lever 1 or 2) was achieved in 9 patients (64%) treated with the Menghini-type needle and in no patient treated with conventional-type needles (P < 0.001). Two patients who had mild post-procedural pancreatitis improved with conservative treatment, and no bleeding occurred in patients treated with the Menghini-type needle. Conclusion EUS-guided rolling method with the 21-gauge Menghini-type biopsy needle is useful for the histopathological diagnosis of AIP, due to its abundant acquisition of good-quality tissue from the pancreas.
© The Author(s) 2021.
|Web of Science KeyUT|