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Using a transcranial Doppler blood flowmeter, the blood flow velocity (BFV) ratio of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) to the basilar artery (BA) was investigated in 12 patients with severe motor and intellectual disability syndrome. The BFV of the MCA was also investigated in 58 handicapped children, classified according to the severity of their motor and intellectual disability. The ratio of the MCA to the BA was lower by 2 SD from the mean of our previously reported standard value in 8 out of the 12 cases with severe motor and intellectual disability syndrome, suggesting a more profound decrease in the level of brain activity in the MCA area than that of the BA area. The BFV of the MCA mainly decreased in cases belonging to the category of the most severe motor disability (bed-ridden). Hence, it is suggested that motor disability is the main factor related to the decrease in the BFV of the MCA.
transcranial blood flowmetry
blood flow velocity
severe motor and intellectual disability syndrome
Acta Medica Okayama
Okayama University Medical School
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