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ID 12836
Eprint ID
12836
FullText URL
Author
Akhtar M.Shahbaz
Adachi, Tadashi
Abstract
To acclimate under orthophosphate (Pi) starved environment, plant species and cultivars display an elegant myriad of Pi-adaptive and rescue responses via reprioritizing internal Pi use and maximizing external Pi acquisition by reprogramming metabolism and restructuring root system architecture.Exploitation of considerable genetic diversity both between and within crop species and harnessing of these genetic variations can lead us to develop smart plants with improved P-acquisition, growth and yield under P-deprivation. To elucidate the effect of P-stress on plant growth, and P-efficiency under Pstarvation, 14 diverse Brassica cultivars were grown hydroponically in a climatically controlled chamber using sufficient (200 and 400 μM) and stress (10 and 20 μM) P-levels using ammonium phosphate (NH4H2PO4) as a P source. Cultivars showed differential growth behaviour in terms of biomass accumulation (shoot and root dry matter partitioning), percent distribution of Pi-concentration ([P]) and P-contents in plant parts (roots and shoots), and P-efficiency ratio (% PER)(relative shoot growth) indicating considerable genetic diversity among the tested Brassica cultivars. PER and the proportional increases in shoot dry matter (SDM) accumulation (SDMmax/SDMmin) in response to the P levels assisted in categorizing the cultivars into efficient and inefficient utilizers of the absorbed P from an ambient environment. Cultivars were classified into efficient responsive (ER), efficient non-responsive (ENR), non-efficient responsive (NER) and non-efficient non-responsive (NENR) by plotting ordination plots between PER and SDMmax/SDMmin under P-stress environment. Differential PER values at stress P levels corresponds to high P levels suggest that P efficiency mechanisms can be different from one cultivar to another within a give plant species and cultivars exhibiting high PER values are better choice to thrive under P-starvation.
Keywords
Brassica cultivars
biomass and P-distribution
P-contents
P-efficiency ratio
Published Date
2008-03
Publication Title
岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Publication Title Alternative
Journal of the Faculty of Environmental Science and Technology Okayama University
Volume
volume13
Issue
issue1
Publisher
岡山大学環境理工学部
Publisher Alternative
Faculty of Environmental Science and Technology, Okayama University
Start Page
111
End Page
119
ISSN
1341-9099
NCID
AN10529213
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Related Url
http://www.okayama-u.ac.jp/user/est/homeJapan.html
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
False
Eprints Journal Name
fest