Author Inoshita, Hikari|
Published Date 2000-03-25
Publication Title
Content Type Thesis or Dissertation
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11748
Title Alternative Dietary treatment for the aged (A study on dietary treatments for the aged conducted at the time of leaving hospital and on the results of interviews with discharged patients)
FullText URL 006_041_045.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ota, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Ikeda, Toshiko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract 高齢者を対象とした退院指導の評価を行う目的で、70歳以上の外来通院患者を対象として、患者が受けた退院指導の内容、理解度、実践状況の3つの要素について分析を行った。その中から、特に食事指導に焦点をあて在宅療養の視点から退院指導の問題点を考察した。食事指導を受けて退院した患者の約半数は更に指導を希望していた。指示された指導が実践できない患者の理由は、(1)指導不足、(2)意欲の喚起不足、(3)協力者の知識不足が上げられた。患者が希望している指導の内容は、食事療法の指導だけでなく、治療食や老人に適した食事についてであった。特に、栄養価の高い食事への関心が高く、具体的な指導を希望していた。また、看護婦による、社会資源を活用すべきかどうか、訪問看護を適応すべきかどうかの判断が、退院に向けてのアセスメントの内容として問題となった。
Abstract Alternative With the purpose of estimating the quality of care given to elderly patients who are about be discharged, we made an analysis of three main factors. The first is the details of discharge-care, secondly the degree to which the patient underdtands the type of care, and thirdly the care practice situation ; focusing on outpatients who are more than 70 years of age. Bringing meal treatment into focus, we examined the problems of discharge-care from the viewpoint of home treatment. About half of the discharged patients who were given meal treatment in the hospital hope to have further personal medical direction about their meals after being discharged. The reasons why the directed treatments couldn't be practiced by the patients were given as follows ; (a) deficiency of medical guidance, (b) insufficient encouragement of practice, (c) cooperator's having lack of knowledge about care of the aged. The details of medical treatments which the elderly patients want to be given are not only what is called meal treatment but also knowledge about food for patients and about appropriate meals for the aged. The patients seem to be highly interested in nutritious food and hope to have concrete advice for following a nutritious diet. Additionally, what is important in deciding the question of discharging is how to make good use of social resources by nurses and how to apply visiting nursing to be aged.
Keywords 高齢者 (the aged) 在宅療養 (home treatment) 退院指導 (discharge-care) 食事指導 (dietary treatment)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-02-29
Volume volume6
Start Page 41
End Page 45
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313691
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11774
Title Alternative The health and daily-life problems of the elderly living in their own homes for six months after being discharged from the hospital
FullText URL 007_1_041_047.pdf
Author Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Takata, Setuko| Kojima, Mishako|
Abstract 病院を退院した高齢者の療養上の問題を把握することは、退院指導や継続看護を進める上でも重要である。著者らは退院時、退院後3か月、6か月、1年のそれぞれの時点で、在宅での看護上の問題について調査研究を行い、すでにこれらの一部は報告した。今回は退院後6ヵ月を経過した高齢者の在宅療養時の健康及び日常生活の問題について報告する。総合病院に入院していた70歳以上の高齢者で、退院時に調査を行った93名のうち、退院後6ヵ月の時点で回答を得た60名(64.5%)について分析した。調査は郵送法により、調査内容は健康状態、自立度、困っていること等で、結果は退院時の状態と比較・検討した。退院6か月後の日常生活の自立度がよい者の割合は退院時より8.4%増加し、体の調子が「良くなった」とする者は50%を越えた。しかし、困っていることとして「健康面」の問題をあげた者は23.3%と高く、退院時の2倍になっていた。また退院時の問題点の70%はなお持続しており、食事療法・移動動作・下肢痛・視聴覚障害・排泄障害・気管支炎等の順に多かった。6ヶ月後の新たな問題として注目すべきものとしては人間関係やコミュニケションの障害が認められた。
Abstract Alternative The purpose of this study is to investigate the medical care problems of the elderly living in their own homes for six months after being discharged from the hospital. Analysis was done on the health and daily-life problems of 60 elderly people who responded to a survey which was mailed. The results are as follows ; 34 persons (56.7%) answered that their health had improved compared to the time of their discharge and the health condition of 16 persons (26.7%) had improved to the point where they were able to work. Nevertheless, 14 persons (23.3%) had health problems and 4 persons had problems in their daily life, 3 persons had mental problems and 2 persons had economic problems. Some of them still had problems such as diet, disability in moving, arthralgia and low back pain.
Keywords 高齢者 (the elderly) 自宅退院 6か月後 (six months after discharge from the hospital) 健康問題 (health) 日常生活 (daily-life problems)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-09-30
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 41
End Page 47
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313479
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11809
Title Alternative The effective nursing educational plan for the elderly at hospital discharge. - through the questionnaires for the nurses and the elderly patients -
FullText URL 007_2_159_164.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Sato, Yoshie| Watanabe, Kumi| Kato, Kumiko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract 近年の急速な高齢化社会にともない複数の疾病や種々の障害をもちながら自宅で療養する高齢者が増加してきている。このような状況でいったん入院療養した高齢者が自宅へ帰り生活をしていくにはかなりの困難が予測される。高齢者が退院し自宅での生活にスムーズに適応できるか否かは看護婦の退院指導の良否に関わってくる。そこで指導側の看護婦の指導計画や指導方法、内容について調査すると共に受け手の患者の指導希望内容との比較を行い有効な退院指導のあり方を検討した。患者の心配事や援助や相談の希望内容と看護婦の重要とする指導内容はほぼ同様の内容であった。その内容は日常生活に関すること、病気や健康に関することが多かった。看護婦の退院指導の計画でカンファレンスをしている看護婦はしていない看護婦に比べ指導内容の経済的なこと、趣味や生きがいに関する事、生活環境、家族の協力に関することを重要とすると回答したものが有意に多かった。
Abstract Alternative The elderly with chronic disease or handicaps who receive nursing home care is currently increasing. They may have some difficulties in their daily life after hospital discharge. The proper nursing educational plan may determine their post-hospital life without anxiety. The purpose of this study is to find out the effective nursing educational plan for them. Therefore, we investigated the contents of the nursing educational plan for their hospital discharge and what elderly patients need in their post-hospital life. As a result, both contents were similar. Those were about their daily life, disease, health. And there were significantly defferences between well-discussed plan and no discussed plan in the items of economy, hobbies, purpose of life, home environment, family cooperation. Results from this study suggest that more detailed discussion among nurses at hospital discharge is necessary to determine the individual nursing educational plan of elderly patients in their post-hospital life.
Keywords 高齢者 (The elderly) 退院指導 (discharge) 自宅療養 (nursing home care) nursing educational plan
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 159
End Page 164
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313478
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11811
Title Alternative The health and daily-life problem of the aged at homes for three months after discharge from the hospital
FullText URL 007_2_165_170.pdf
Author Inoshita, Hikari| Takata, Setuko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kojima, Misako|
Abstract 今後の継続看護・在宅看護を考えてゆく際の参考にするために、医療施設から自宅へ退院した高齢患者が3カ月経過後に、どのような健康上や日常生活上の問題点をもち、家庭や地域でどのような援助や支援を受けて生活しているかについて報告をする。総合病院に入院していた70歳以上の高齢者で自宅に退院する患者92名のうち、退院後3カ月経過後の時点で回答を得た70名(76.0%)について分析を行った。病状については約8割の者は特に問題を持っていない、しかし約2割の者は病状に悪化が見られた。現在困っていることは「健康上の問題」とした者は約3割であった。日常生活の自立状況では「仕事もできる」とする者が退院時の18.6%より、3カ月後は40.0%に増加しており、「生きがいがかなりある」とする者は退院時の34.3%より、3カ月後は45.7%に増加していた。しかし、回答が得られなかった22名(24.0%)の高齢者は、より重要な問題を包含している可能性があり、追跡をする必要がある。
Abstract Alternative We report that for the guidance to consider future continuing-nursing and home-nursing, the elderly patient who living in homes for three months after discharged from the hospital, have what problems in their health and daily lives and what sort of supports they are receiving in their homes and from the vicinities. Analysis was done on the health and daily-life problems of 70 elderly who responded to a survey which was mailed, three months after discharged from the hospital, among 92 elderly more than 70 years old. 80% of them had no problems in their conditions, but in 20% conditions got worse. About 30% of them complained of the problem of health with respect to independence of daily life. Patients who were able to work increased from 18.6% to 40.0%, and the ptients who felt worth living increased from 34.3% to 45.7%. 22 elderly who hadn't answer seemed to have more severe problems however, further surveys are needed.
Keywords 高齢患者 (the aged) 自宅への退院 (pations at home) 3カ月経過後の問題 (problems) 在宅看護 (home treatment) 継続看護 (continuing-nursing)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 165
End Page 170
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313404
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11813
Title Alternative Occupational stress and moderator factors -nurse-
FullText URL 007_2_171_180.pdf
Author Inoshita, Hikari|
Abstract 2カ所の地方都市の公立病院で働く看護婦585名に職業性ストレスとモデレータ要因についての調査を行った。職業性ストレッサーとして、訴え率の高い項目は「労働の過重負担」であった。バリマックスによる因子分析を行ったところ①自己実現、②人間関係と対人責任、③意欲と理念の喪失、④仕事の負担、⑤サポート、⑥ライフイベントの6つの因子を抽出した。①自己実現、③意欲と理念の喪失、④仕事の負担の因子は、年齢が若い看護婦ほど否定し、年齢の上昇と共に肯定する傾向が見られた。反対に⑤サポート因子は年齢が若いほど肯定し、年齢の上昇と共に否定する傾向が見られた。すなわち、若い看護婦は、能力の発揮ができない、意欲が喪失する、仕事が負担であると感じており、年齢の上昇と共に能力の発揮ができる、意欲がある、仕事が負担ではないと感じていた。しかし、若い看護婦ほどサポートを多く得られており、年齢の上昇とともに減少していた。これらの結果より、職業性のストレスやモデレータは年齢あるいは経験年数により質や量が変化していた。
Abstract Alternative Occupational stress and moderator factors were investigated in 585 nurses working in two pubric hospitals local cities. As occupational stresser "too hevey labor" was most frequent in complaiment items. The following factors were extracted by varimax analysis, ①self-expression, ②human-relation and personal reponsibility, ③lost ofwill and ideology, ④loaded labor, ⑤support, ⑥life-event. It was observed that ①self-expression, ③lost ofwill and ideology, ④loaded labor were denayed by younger nurses, but ⑤support was increased with age. Accordingly, younger nurses felt that they couldn't show their abilities, they lost their will, their duties were heavy, but along with age, they felt they could exhibit their abilities, willing to work, their burdens were not heavy. The younger the nurses, the more the supports were given, and they received fewer supports with age. In conclusion, quality and quantity of occupational stress and moderator change with age and occupational carrier.
Keywords 看護職 (nurses) 職業性ストレス (occupational stress) モデレータ要因 (moderator factors) キャリア (carrier)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 171
End Page 180
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313647
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11815
Title Alternative The research on the problems of health care and living of the aged (Pursuing the cases of home treatment given to the elderly patients for one year after their discharge)
FullText URL 007_2_181_188.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Ikeda, Toshiko| Watanabe, Kumi| Sato, Yoshie| Takata, Setuko| Kojima, Misako|
Abstract 退院後の生活に目を向けた適切な退院指導がなされることは、高齢患者が安心して在宅療養を送る上で、重要な意味を持つ。そこで病院から在宅療養に移行した70歳以上の高齢者の抱える問題を4回に渡って1年間調査し、これまでに退院時、3ヵ月後、6ヵ月後の調査結果を報告した。本稿では1年を通じて回答のあった53名について健康と生活上の問題の変化を分析し、考察した。在宅療養に移行した高齢者の健康状態と生活上の問題は、ほぼ一致して退院後6ヵ月から1年後までに変化を認め、特に日常生活上の問題は著しく増加した。その原因として病状の悪化との関連が考えられた。また、高齢者の問題についての意識は、研究者の専門的な問題意識に比べて低かった。従って入院中に退院後の生活を予測することには限界があり、今後は退院指導の充実と伴に在宅サービスとの連携が重要であることを認めた。
Abstract Alternative We planned to make emerge the problems felt by the elderly patients of 70 years and over given home treatment. As a means of our research, four times a year we sent a questinnaire to the aged who had been discharged. After collecting the answers of the questionnaires, we decided to focus on the 53 elderly patients who answered all four questionnaires, and then tried to make their problems emerge. The contents of the questionnaires were about their health care in a year and how their daily life changed. We can see that the condition of the elderly patients under home treatment and their living problems have changed almost without exceptions six months to a year after their discharge. Especially the number of the problems in their daily life increased remarkably. These results might be considered to be caused by the aggravation of their diseases. In addition, the elderly patients are not as conscious of their own problems as a specialist with a critical mind. Therefore, there is a limit to estimating the change in lifestyle of a discharged patient while they remain hospitalized. We consider it essential to get full discharge-care closely connected with home service for elderly patients.
Keywords 高齢者 (the aged) 在宅療養 (home treatment) 退院指導 (discharge-care) 健康問題 (health) 日常生活 (daily-life problems)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 181
End Page 188
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313372
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11891
Title Alternative Sutdies on Galvanic skin responce (GSR) in relation to psychological condition test for the students.
FullText URL 004_099_103.pdf
Author Inoshita, Hikari| Ogata, Michiko| Tokunaga, Ayumi| Bando, Mika| Yamada, Yoko| Marumoto, Kazumi|
Abstract Psychological anxiety trend was studied by Galvanic skin responce (GSR) 60 students, 7 of male and 53 of female, in School of Health Sciences Tokushima University, and the results were compared with the data from State Anxiety Inventory (STAI) test and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) test. Compared GSR with STAI, initial responses of GSR showed postive relation to state anxiety in STAI test ; while compared GSR with SDS, both of spontaneous and initial responses showed reversed correlation. Although spontaneous and initial responce in GSR were more remarkably augmented in the female students than male students, these trends might not be caused only by sex difference because the test environment was not same in two groups. Based on these data, GSR is considered to represent objective indicator of psychological anxiety. However further basic data accumulations are needed in regard to some factors affecting the data such as sex of examiners or examinees and test environment.
Keywords 皮膚電気反射(GSR) 大学生 心理状態 不安尺度 抑うつ尺度
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 99
End Page 103
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313732
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11893
Title Alternative Daily VMA (vanillyl mandelic acid) variation in urine in relation of fatigue sensation, stress and life stile of nurses on night shift.
FullText URL 004_105_110.pdf
Author Inoshita, Hikari| Ouchi, Takeshi| Ninomiya, Tsuneo|
Abstract Daily VMA variation in urine in relation of fatigue sensation, stress and life stile of nurses on night shift. To evaluate exhaustion objectively in hospital nurses, daily variation of urinaly VMA (vanillyl mandelic acid) excretion was measured in hospital nurses working in daytime and nighttime and it's correlation with the data from Psychological Stress Response Scale (PSRS) test, the burn-out scale, quality and quantity of sleep and daily life stile recorded throughout 24 hours were studied. VMA level in urine showed circadian rhythmic movement, higher in daytime and lower in nighttime. During night shift, VMA in urine in nighttime showed slightly higher level than during day shift but in the subsequent daytime after night shift, VMA level was stillkeeping normal circadian rhythm, resuling flatness of daily fluctuation of VMA level. Dissatisfaction of sleep during daily fluctation of VMA level. Dissatisfaction of sleep during daytime was noticed. Correlation between VMA level in urine and sense of tiredness, stresses or burn-out scale were not carfied in this study because of shortage of samples but working conditions might affect biologicalresponse of exhaustion.
Keywords VMAの変動 三交替性疲労感 ストレス 生活時間
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 105