Title Alternative Fermented persimmon extract (kaki-shibu) is useful as a standard for component analyses of persimmon phytobezoars
FullText URL 126_127.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Okamoto, Yuko| Murata, Toshihiro| Kawai, Yoshinari| Shiraha, Hidenori| Okada, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The definite diagnosis of persimmon phytobezoar (i.e., diospyrobezoar) is often accomplished by a component analysis using infrared spectroscopy. However, no studies have been conducted to investigate which substance is the best as a standard for the component analysis. Here we analyzed tannic acid, Japanese persimmon (kaki), fermented persimmon extract (kaki-shibu), conventional dried persimmon, and dried persimmon smoked in sulfur (ampo-kaki) by infrared spectroscopy to determine which would be optimal as a component analysis standard. The spectrum between 1,600 to 600cm-1 of a persimmon phytobezoar was quite similar to the spectrum of kaki-shibu rather than that of tannic acid. Consequently, we conclude that kaki-shibu should be used as a standard for infrared spectroscopy analyses of persimmon phytobezoars.
Keywords 柿胃石(gastric phytobezoar) タンニン酸(tannic acid) 消化管異物(gastrointestinal foreign body) 成分分析(component analysis)
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Published Date 2014-08-01
Volume volume126
Issue issue2
Start Page 127
End Page 131
ISSN 0030-1558
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright (c) 2014 岡山医学会
File Version publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.126.127
NAID 130004685263
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53026
FullText URL 68_6_369.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Miyashima, Yuichi| Yoshioka, Takahiro| Murata, Toshihiro| Miyabe, Yoshio| Kawai, Yoshinari| Urata, Haruo| Shiraha, Hidenori| Okada, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract A 67-year-old Japanese man underwent enterotomy because of enterolith ileus. Component analysis by infrared spectroscopy revealed that the enterolith was composed of a high concentration of deoxycholic acid. We further analyzed and compared the ultrastructure of the enterolith and a commercially available powdered form of deoxycholic acid by means of scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis revealed that the ratios of carbon and oxygen in the enterolith were equal to those in the deoxycholic acid powder. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed rectangular prism-shaped particles on the surface of the enterolith. This structure was similar to that of the deoxycholic acid powder. The surgically removed enterolith had a twisted and coiled appearance. Possible mechanisms underlying the formation of this unique form are discussed.
Keywords enterolith deoxycholic acid scanning electron microscopy infrared spectroscopy energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2014-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 369
End Page 374
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25519031
Web of Sience KeyUT 000346882200007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52898
FullText URL 68_5_291.pdf
Author Tsuzaki, Ryuichiro| Takaki, Akinobu| Yagi, Takahito| Ikeda, Fusao| Koike, Kazuko| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Shiraha, Hidenori| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Sadamori, Hiroshi| Shinoura, Susumu| Umeda, Yuzo| Yoshida, Ryuichi| Nobuoka, Daisuke| Utsumi, Masashi| Nakayama, Eiichi| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract It is not known how the immune system targets hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected HLA-mismatched hepatocytes under immune-suppressed conditions after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). In addition, the relationship between the HCV-specific immune response and IL28B variants as predictors of HCV clearance has not been well-characterized. We determined the IL28B polymorphisms for 57 post-OLT HCV carriers, and we assessed the HCV-specific immune responses by measuring the peripheral blood mononuclear cell-derived HCV-specific interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) response using an enzyme-linked immunospot assay. At 1-3 years after OLT, patients with no active hepatitis showed higher total spots on the immunospot assay. At>3 years after OLT, patients with resolved HCV showed higher levels of core, NS3, NS5A, and total spots compared to the chronic hepatitis patients. The IL28B major genotype in the donors correlated with higher spot counts for NS5A and NS5B proteins at 1-3 years after OLT. In the post-OLT setting, the HCV-specific immune response could be strongly induced in patients with no active hepatitis with an IL28B major donor or sustained virological response. Strong immune responses in the patients with no active hepatitis could only be maintained for 3 years and diminished later. It may be beneficial to administer IFN treatment starting 3 years after OLT, to induce the maximum immunological effect.
Keywords interferon gamma ELISPOT assay single nucleotide polymorphisms dendritic cell CD4 T cell
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 291
End Page 302
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25338486
Web of Sience KeyUT 000343269300006
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/53129
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49042
FullText URL 66_6_461.pdf
Author Koike, Kazuko| Takaki, Akinobu| Kato, Nobuyuki| Ouchida, Mamoru| Kanzaki, Hirotaka| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Shiraha, Hidenori| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces several changes in hepatocytes, such as oxidative stress, steatosis, and hepatocarcinogenesis. Although considerable progress has been made during recent years, the mechanisms underlying these functions remain unclear. We employed proteomic techniques in HCV replicon-harboring cells to determine the effects of HCV replication on host-cell protein expression. We examined two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry to compare and identify differentially expressed proteins between HCV subgenomic replicon-harboring cells and their “cured” cells. One of the identified proteins was confirmed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot analysis. Full-length HCV genome RNA replicating and cured cells were also assessed using ELISA. Replicon-harboring cells showed higher expression of retinal dehydrogenase 1 (RALDH-1), which converts retinol to retinoic acid, and the cured cells showed higher expression of retinol-binding protein (RBP), which transports retinol from the liver to target tissues. The alteration in RBP expression was also confirmed by ELISA and Western blot analysis. We conclude that protein expression profiling demonstrated that HCV replicon eradication affected retinol-related protein expression.
Keywords hepatitis C virus retinol-binding protein
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 461
End Page 468
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23254580
Web of Sience KeyUT 000312966100005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30405
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tamura, Tomoyuki| Koide, Norio| Hada, Hajime| Shiraha, Hidenori| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract Adult rat hepatocytes assemble to form multicellular spheroids under non-adherent environments such as immobilized chondroitin sulfate-proteoglycan in primary culture. Previously, we demonstrated that hepatocyte spheroids exhibited various differentiated structures as observed in the liver tissue. It was also shown that hepatocyte growth was highly suppressed and several differentiated functions, including albumin production and gluconeogenesis, were well preserved in spheroids. To investigate the differentiated functions of cultured hepatocytes in relation to cell morphology, we compared the expression of the albumin and transferrin genes in spheroids with those in monolayers by Northern blot analysis. Production of these proteins in the culture medium was simultaneously examined by ELISA. Gene expression and protein production of both albumin and transferrin were better preserved in spheroids. We also examined changes in the expression of liver-specific genes in response to IL-6. Reduced mRNA levels of both albumin and transferrin was only found in spheroids and no change was observed in monolayers. These results suggest that the regulation of tissue-specific gene expression is better preserved in spheroids, in which hepatocytes are in close contact with each other.
Keywords hepatocyte spheroid primary culture gene expression IL-6
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1995-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume49
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 161
End Page 167
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 7676847
Web of Sience KeyUT A1995RH05400007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32110
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Shinji, Toshiyuki| Kyaw, Yi Yi| Gokan, Katsunori| Tanaka, Yasuhito| Ochi, Koji| Kusano, Nobuchika| Mizushima, Takaaki| Fujioka, Shin-ichi| Shiraha, Hidenori| Lwin, Aye Aye| Shiratori, Yasushi| Mizokami, Masashi| Khin, Myo| Miyahara, Masayuki| Okada, Shigeru| Koide, Norio|
Abstract The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in Myanmar in comparison with the rest of Southeast Asia is not well known. Serum samples were obtained from 201 HCV antibody-positive volunteer blood donors in and around the Myanmar city of Yangon. Of these, the antibody titers of 101 samples were checked by serial dilution using HCV antibody PA test II and Terasaki microplate as a low-cost method. To compare antibody titers by this method and RNA identification, we also checked HCV-RNA using the Amplicor 2.0 test. Most high-titer groups were positive for HCV-RNA. Of the 201 samples, 110 were successfully polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplified. Among them, 35 (31.8%) were of genotype 1, 52 (47.3%) were of genotype 3, and 23 (20.9%) were of type 6 variants, and phylogenetic analysis of these type 6 variants revealed that 3 new type 6 subgroups exist in Myanmar. We named the subgroups M6-1, M6-2, and M6-3. M6-1 and M6-2 were relatively close to types 8 and 9, respectively. M6-3, though only found in one sample, was a brand-new subgroup. These subtypes were not seen in Vietnam, where type 6 group variants are widely spread. These findings may be useful for analyzing how and when these subgroups were formed.
Keywords hepatitis C virus(HCV)genotype type 6 variant Myanmar Southeast Asia phylogenetic analysis
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2004-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume58
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 135
End Page 142
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 15471435
Web of Sience KeyUT 000222273300004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31826
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Fujikawa, Tatsuya| Shiraha, Hidenori| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract <p>Serum des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) is commonly used to detect hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This review focuses on the clinical features of DCP-positive HCC and the molecular function of DCP in HCC. DCP-positive HCC demonstrates more aggressive clinicopathological features than DCP-negative HCC. Analysis of the biological effects of DCP revealed that DCP acts as a growth factor in both an autocrine and paracrine manner. DCP stimulates HCC cell proliferation through the Met-Janus kinase 1-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling pathway, whereas for vascular endothelial cells, it stimulates cell proliferation and migration through the kinase insert domain receptor-phospholipase C-gamma-mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway.</p>
Keywords des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin hepatocellular carcinoma signaling pathway cell proliferation angiogenesis
Amo Type Review
Published Date 2009-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume63
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 299
End Page 304
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20035286
Web of Sience KeyUT 000273145900001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53558
FullText URL 69_4_219.pdf
Author Toshimori, Junichi| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Nakamura, Shinichiro| Wada, Nozomu| Morimoto, Yuki| Takeuchi, Yasuto| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Kuwaki, Kenji| Ohnishi, Hideki| Ikeda, Fusao| Shiraha, Hidenori| Takaki, Akinobu| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the predisposing factors for local recurrence and complications after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC patients (n=397) consecutively treated with RFA (256 males, 141 females, median age 69 years) were enrolled. In these patients, 1,455 nodules (median size 17mm) were ablated. Predisposing factors for overall recurrence and local recurrence in the context of tumor location and complications were examined. Local recurrence was observed for 113 of the 1,455 nodules. The 1-, 3- and 5-year local recurrence rates were 2.2オ, 7.4オ and 9.5オ, respectively. A multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that large tumor size (>2cm), tumor location (adjacent to the major portal branch or hepatic vein), and small ablated margin (<3mm) were independent predisposing factors for local recurrence after RFA (HR=1.70-2.81). Tumor location (adjacent to the major portal branch, hepatic vein, or diaphragm) was also revealed as a risk factor for liver damage due to RFA. HCC adjacent to the major portal vein or hepatic vein was associated with a higher risk for local recurrence and for complications;therefore, special precautions are necessary when applying RFA to HCC near vessels even when the tumors are located at an easy-to-puncture site.
Keywords hepatocellular carcinoma radiofrequency ablation ablated margin tumor location
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2015-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 219
End Page 226
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 26289913
Web of Sience KeyUT 000365519100005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52894
FullText URL 68_5_263.pdf
Author Namba, Shihoko| Miyake, Kayoko| Ikeda, Fusao| Hazama, Tomoko| Hitobe, Yu| Yamasaki, Noriko| Shiraha, Hidenori| Takaki, Akinobu| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract Nursing support might help patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) remain in good mental and physical condition during interferon (IFN) therapy. However, the effects of nursing support have not been studied adequately in this context. This case-control study evaluated the effects of nursing support during IFN therapy. Twenty-four CHC patients who received pegylated IFN and ribavirin were enrolled. Nurses advised patients on the maintenance of their mental and physical condition at weekly visits, based on the results of written questionnaires. An additional 24 patients who received IFN therapy without nursing support and who were matched for age, sex, platelet count, viral serogroup and IFN regimen were selected with propensity score matching as controls. The patients with nursing support during IFN therapy achieved higher sustained virological responses (79%) than those without nursing support (58%). Adherence to the IFN and ribavirin regimens at 24 weeks of therapy were slightly higher in the patients with nursing support than those without it, but these differences were not statistically significant. Adherence to ribavirin after 24 weeks of therapy was significantly higher in those with nursing support than those without it (93% and 66%, p=0.045). These results suggested that nursing support services could contribute to the virological responses of CHC patients by promoting drug-regimen adherence.
Keywords chronic hepatitis C nursing support interferon therapy
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 263
End Page 268
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25338482
Web of Sience KeyUT 000343269300002
Author Shoji, Bon| Ikeda, Fusao| Fujioka, Shin-ichi| Kobashi, Haruhiko| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Shiraha, Hidenori| Takaki, Akinobu| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2010-11
Publication Title Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume volume45
Issue issue11
Content Type Journal Article
Author Ishikawa, Hisashi| Takaki, Akinobu| Tsuzaki, Ryuichiro| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Koike, Kazuko| Shimomura, Yasuyuki| Seki, Hiroyuki| Matsushita, Hiroshi| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Ikeda, Fusao| Shiraha, Hidenori| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2014-07-01
Publication Title PLoS ONE
Volume volume9
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
Author Uchida, Daisuke| Shiraha, Hidenori| Kato, Hironari| Nagahara, Teruya| Iwamuro, Masaya| Kataoka, Junro| Horiguchi, Shigeru| Watanabe, Masami| Takaki, Akinobu| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Nasu, Yasutomo| Yagi, Takahito| Kumon, Hiromi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2014-05
Publication Title Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume volume29
Issue issue5
Content Type Journal Article
Author Takeuchi, Yasuto| Ikeda, Fusao| Moritou, Yuki| Hagihara, Hiroaki| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Kuwaki, Kenji| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Ohnishi, Hideki| Nakamura, Shinichiro| Shiraha, Hidenori| Takaki, Akinobu| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2013-03
Publication Title Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume volume48
Issue issue3
Content Type Journal Article
Author Ohnishi, Atsuyuki| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Matsushita, Hiroshi| Matsumoto, Kazuyuki| Takaki, Akinobu| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Koike, Kazuko| Ikeda, Fusao| Shiraha, Hidenori| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2012
Publication Title Digestion
Volume volume86
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article
Author Takayama, Hiroki| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Ikeda, Fusao| Shiraha, Hidenori| Takaki, Akinobu| Kobashi, Haruhiko| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2011-01
Publication Title Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
Author Tatsukawa, Masashi| Takaki, Akinobu| Shiraha, Hidenori| Koike, Kazuko| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Kobashi, Haruhiko| Fujioka, Shin-Ichi| Sakaguchi, Kohsaku| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2011-10-21
Publication Title BMC Cancer
Volume volume11
Content Type Journal Article
Author Kinugasa, Hideaki| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Takeuchi, Yasuto| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Onishi, Hideki| Nakamura, Shin-ichiro| Shiraha, Hidenori| Kuwaki, Kenji| Hagihara, Hiroaki| Ikeda, Fusao| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Takaki, Akinobu| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2012-04
Publication Title Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume volume47
Issue issue4
Content Type Journal Article
Author Matsubara, Minoru| Shiraha, Hidenori| Kataoka, Jyunro| Iwamuro, Masaya| Horiguchi, Shigeru| Nishina, Shin-ichi| Takaoka, Nobuyuki| Uemura, Masayuki| Takaki, Akinobu| Nakamura, Shinichiro| Kobayashi, Yoshiyuki| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2012-10
Publication Title Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume volume27
Issue issue10
Content Type Journal Article
Author Tanaka, Shigetomi| Shiraha, Hidenori| Nakanishi, Yutaka| Nishina, Shin-Ichi| Matsubara, Minoru| Horiguchi, Shigeru| Takaoka, Nobuyuki| Iwamuro, Masaya| Kataoka, Junro| Kuwaki, Kenji| Hagihara, Hiroaki| Toshimori, Junichi| Ohnishi, Hideki| Takaki, Akinobu| Nakamura, Shinichiro| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Yagi, Takahito| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2012-12-01
Publication Title International Journal of Cancer
Volume volume131
Issue issue11
Content Type Journal Article
Author Nakanishi, Yutaka| Shiraha, Hidenori| Nishina, Shin-ichi| Tanaka, Shigetomi| Matsubara, Minoru| Horiguchi, Shigeru| Iwamuro, Masaya| Takaoka, Nobuyuki| Uemura, Masayuki| Kuwaki, Kenji| Hagihara, Hiroaki| Toshimori, Junichi| Ohnishi, Hideki| Takaki, Akinobu| Nakamura, Shinichiro| Kobayashi, Yoshiyuki| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Yagi, Takahito| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2011-01-04
Publication Title BMC Cancer
Volume volume11
Content Type Journal Article