JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/48989
Title Alternative Political-Economic Situation and the Financial Condition of Local Governments in Poland
FullText URL oer_044_2_001_023.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract This paper conducts a critical analysis on the political-economic situation of Poland and the current financial condition of the Polish local governments. Poland was the only country in the EU that avoided recession in 2009, i.e. just after the financial crisis it the world in 2008. While a number of studies suggest that the strong exports and individual consumption expenditures have been supporting the economy, they tend to miss the crucial fact that local government finance in the country is relatively well-balanced, and it became one of the factors of the economic stability. Aiming at examining such curious steadiness of the Polish local governments, this paper first focuses on the political and economic situation in Poland to understand the background of the financial condition of the local governments. Secondly, the system of local autonomy and its changes will be reviewed. Thirdly, the paper outlines the current political situation of the country, particularly the outcome of the general election held in 2012. Different regional strategies of the major political parties will be analyzed as well. Finally, the condition of local government finance will be examined to clarify their problems and challenges. From the analysis of this paper, the following points will be elucidated: (1) The solid economic performance has been maintained in Poland even after the global economic crisis. (2) The disparity of economic growth by prefecture and the disparity of the domestic product per capita by prefecture both show observable trend of its increase. (3) There is a big difference in the regional policy between the two major political parties in the country. The ruling party, the Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska; PO), bases its policy on the EU cohesion fund and adopts the economic growth model, in which the economies of metropolises are the engine to lead the country’s economy. On the other hand, the main opposition party, Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość; PiS), sets the liquidation of domestic disparities based on the “Polish” policies as its main goal. (4) The local government system of Poland is characterized by the great authority of commune (gmina) and the securing of tax revenue by the state. This model has been ensuring financial stability of the local government. (5) Many state-owned real estates have been changed to come under local government ownership during the period of systemic transformation. The incomes from the real estates and gains upon their sale have been contributing to the stability of local government finance. (6) Local governments have been one of the factors of Poland’s stable growth. However, many local governments recently started to fall into deficit. The causes of the deficit are as follows: a slowdown in tax revenues due to the recession; the falling real estate prices, the rising prices of construction materials for public works; the rising energy prices; and natural disasters that occur frequently in recent years. (7) The reduction policy of the state budget, directly bound up with the tighter condition of local government finance, as well as the decrease of financial supports from the EU Cohesion Fund and its related cuts in budgets for public works, has a negative impact on the local economy. They consequently affect the growth of the Polish economy to cause its slowing down.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2012-10-01
Volume volume44
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 23
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2012 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 40019465578
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58070
Title Alternative The Development Strategies of Poland and the Engine of Polish Economic Growth
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_015_037.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro| Okazaki, Taku|
Abstract  In this paper, authors analyze the changes in the national development strategies of the Polish government since the First World War, the state investment that became the driving force of economic development, the trends and positions of foreign capital, and the changes in the economic environment surrounding the Polish economy.  In the Second Republic, economic liberalism was a widely supported philosophy in the business world and academic society. However, in order to support very weak economic fundamentals, the government seized the key industry and tried to rebuild the economy. Although foreign capital played a very important role in economic development, Polish people’s distrust in foreign capital was strong. After the Great Depression, the Central Industrial District( CUP) was built under the leadership of the government. However, with the outbreak of World War II, the formation of a strong core industrial base was suspended.<br/>  After the Second World War, the government initially aimed to build a Peoples Democracy system based on pluralism. However, when the Cold War sharpened, rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture were forced. The Stalinist economic development strategy failed in a few years. Nevertheless, from the end of the 1950s, mining development and industrialization based on the mechanical and chemical industries were carried out again. This industrialization of capital goods sector-oriented production has distorted the people’s consumer life. However, in the long run, it cannot be denied that the industrialization of that time became the basis for the formation of the wide promising fields of the Polish industry. Since 1970, an open economic strategy has been adopted. Modernization was attempted by introducing licenses from the west. However, new investments did not lead to expansion of export, and cumulative debt increased. During the economic crisis, the“ Solidarity” movement quickly grew into a national movement, but this did not lead to a fundamental economic system change. Economic reform was also attempted in the 1980s. However, the socialist economic system was unable to adapt to the new global economic system driven by innovation. The inflexible system lost its growth potential.<br/>  After the collapse of socialist system in 1989, radical liberalization policies drastically improved economic imbalances, and the economic policy enabled high growth. During the transition period, foreign capital greatly contributed to growth. The automobile industry is a good example. This industry is associated with wide parts production. Many domestic intermediate goods manufacturers increased their orders, and their technical capabilities were rapidly improved through the guidance of foreign capital. In addition, export has improved significantly due to the expansion of production by foreign-affiliated companies. In contrast to the Second Republic, foreign capital played a major role in nurturing domestic industries. By the end of the 1990s, the Russian economy had had no effect on the Polish economy. At the transition period, the Polish industry shifted rapidly to the EU. At the same time, since the manufacturing field was the foundation of Polish growth, the impact of the 2007 global financial crisis wasn’t serious. Not only that, Poland maintained positive growth in 2008 as most countries in Europe fell into negative Currently, low-wage, low-value-added production based on FDI inflows and abundant labor force is the driving force for growth. In the medium and long term, the Polish economy cannot grow if it stays in the current subcontract production status of industrialized countries. The key to Poland’s escape from the “middle-income trap” is how to develop“ new Polish companies” that produce high-value-added products and services under global competition.
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 15
End Page 37
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/13317
Title Alternative Regional Disparity Problem and Its Structure in the East Region of EU
FullText URL 6_045_058.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract 本稿は、EU東部地域の経済格差の現状をEU中心部との比較、また国内における県別の比較を行い、その構造を明らかにするものである。 1997年 7月に欧州委員会は「アジェンダ2000」を発表した。これによって、ポーランドを含む旧東欧 5カ国およびキプロスの先行加盟が準備され始める。こうした動きに並行して、コソヴォ紛争の深刻化などに伴い、EUは「拡大によるEUの安定化」志向を強めることとなる。最終的には、2004年に10ヵ国、2007年に 2ヵ国が新規に加盟した。 EU東方拡大は、全般的にはEUの政治的・経済的安定化に貢献したが、しかしながら、地域経済圏拡大はかならずしもクロスボーダーリージョンの安定化につながっているわけではない。むしろ、EU拡大によって生じた摩擦や対立もある。それは、現在EU内で急速に拡大志向の議論が萎み、「拡大」よりは「深化」に重点を置く議論が中心になりつつあることにも表れている。もちろん、その背景には、「拡大」が経済圏・文明圏として重要な地域をほぼ包括しつつあること、EU周辺の政治的混乱が収まりつつあることなどがあるだろう。しかしその一方で、拡大によって逆に多様性=不安定要素を取り込んでしまい、その対応に多くの労力と資金がつぎ込まれて、拡大のメリットが十分に享受できないという「拡大疲れ」を伴った不満もある。 本稿では、経済格差、経済発達の遅れがどの程度のレベルにあるかを、ポーランドを中心に統計的に整理し、その構造を明らかにすることによって、クロスボーダーリージョン安定化を考える上でのひとつの材料としたい。
Publication Title 北東アジア経済研究
Published Date 2008
Volume volume6
Issue issue1
Start Page 45
End Page 58
ISSN 1880-8476
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310248 120002310248
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12695
Title Alternative Polish System Transformation and Its Implication for the Technical Terms for Social Sciences
FullText URL oer_28_1_091_122.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract This note refers to recent problems of the technical terms used in the social sciences in Poland. The current system transformation process in Poland has a great influence upon the political, economic and social life. Many new technical terms are flowing into Poland with the progress of the radical transformation of the system. In part one, the author presents the general situation of the inflow of the words of foreign origin, the occurence of the new words and concepts in connection with the change of economic relations, the social life and the basic ideology of society. Part two is an introduction of new Polish basic dictionaries, other dictionaries of technical terms for social sciences, and the new texts of economics. The author also makes some comments on these dicitionaries and texts. This note is an attempt to make clear the main problems of current Polsh language for the editing work on "The Polish-Japanese-English Dictionary of Political Economic Terms".
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 1996-06-05
Volume volume28
Issue issue1
Start Page 91
End Page 122
ISSN 0386-3069
Related Url http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000129818
Title Alternative A Study of Extracting Related Documents for Essay Evaluation Modules
FullText URL NLC2017-24.pdf
Author Motojin, Kota| Takeuchi, Koichi| Ohno, Masayuki| Taguchi, Masahiro| Inada, Yoshihiko| Iizuka, Masaya| Abo, Tatsuhiko| Ueda, Hitoshi|
Abstract Alternative We are developing an automatic Japanese essay-scoring system that is composed of 4 evaluation criteria, comprehensiveness, logical consistency, validity, spelling and grammar. In this paper, we discuss the most powerful approach to extract documents of Wikipedia that relates to the reference texts of the target essay theme for validity evaluation. The reason for using Wikipedia documents for evaluating validity of students’essays is that we assume that validity can be evaluated by the expanded discussions in Wikipedia documents that relates to the essay theme. Experimental results show that the skip-gram based word vector is the best approach to extract relating documents to reference texts among several keyword-based evaluation approaches.
Keywords 小論文の自動採点 (Automatic scoring of answers of essay-writing tests) 単語ベクトル (Word vector) Skip-gram Wikipedia
Published Date 2017-09
Publication Title IEICE technical report. Natural language processing and models of communication
Volume volume117
Issue issue207
Publisher 電子情報通信学会
Start Page 47
End Page 51
ISSN 09135685
NCID AA11524632
Content Type Journal Article
language 日本語
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
Copyright Holders copyright©2017 IEICE
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Proposing an Unsupervised Approach to Evaluate Essays Using IDF on Reference Data
FullText URL NLC2018-33.pdf
Author Ohno, Masayuki| Takeuchi, Koichi| Motojin, Kota| Obata, Yuya| Taguchi, Masahiro| Inada, Yoshihiko| Iizuka, Masaya| Abo, Tatsuhiko| Ueda, Hitoshi|
Abstract Alternative In this paper, we describe an on-going study of developing an automatic essay-scoring system in Japanese. Essay scoring systems have already been developed and used mainly in English, while not many previous studies have been done on Japanese essay evaluations. Most of the methods and systems of automatic essay evaluation need not small number of previously human-graded essays for calibrating the parameter of regression functions or parameter of machine learning. The previous studies show the high performance for essay evaluation task, however, it must be not easy to assume large graded essays in, for example, actual tests or entrance examinations. Thus, we take a approach to evaluate Japanese essays without previously human-graded essays but with assuming reference data related to essay questions. The proposed method is a simple one, that is, evaluating the essays with co-occurrences with the reference data in their words or morphemes. In the method technical terms would be given high scores using neologd dictionary and idf values. Experimental results show that the proposed method works well in our developing Japanese mock trial writing tests. Key words automatic scoring of essays, human annotation, supporting
Keywords 自動採点 (automatic scoring of essays) アノテーション (human annotation) 採点支援 (supporting system of essay evaluation) idf neologd
Published Date 2018-12
Publication Title IEICE technical report. Natural language processing and models of communication
Volume volume118
Issue issue355
Publisher 電子情報通信学会
Start Page 103
End Page 108
ISSN 09135685
NCID AA11524632
Content Type Journal Article
language 日本語
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
Copyright Holders copyright@2018
File Version publisher
FullText URL Association_Natural_Language_Processing_2018.pdf
Author Ohno, Masayuki| 泉仁 宏太| Takeuchi, Koichi| 小畑 友也| Taguchi, Masahiro| Inada, Yoshihiko| Iizuka, Masaya| 阿保 達彦| 上田 均|
Published Date 2018-03
Publication Title 言語処理学会年次大会発表論文集
Volume volume24
Publisher 言語処理学会
Start Page 368
End Page 371
NCID AA11909127
Content Type Conference Paper
language 日本語
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
File Version author
FullText URL Association_Natural_Language_Processing_2017.pdf
Author Takeuchi, Koichi| 大野 雅幸| 泉仁 宏太| Taguchi, Masahiro| Inada, Yoshihiko| Iizuka, Masaya| Abo, Tatsuhiko| Ueda, Hitoshi|
Published Date 2017-03
Publication Title 言語処理学会年次大会発表論文集
Volume volume23
Publisher 言語処理学会
Start Page 839
End Page 842
NCID AA11909127
Content Type Conference Paper
language 日本語
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
File Version author
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12396
Title Alternative Mieczys aw W. Socha, Bart omiej Rokicki “Euroregions on the Polish Eastern Berder (1)”
FullText URL 38_2_147_159.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract 本稿は,ミェチスワフ・W・ソハ(Mieczys aw W. Socha)教授(ワルシャワ大学経済学部マクロ経済・外国貿易理論講座),バルトゥウォミェイ・ロキツキ(Bart omiej Rokicki)氏(ワルシャワ大学経済学部博士課程院生)の共著による「ポーランド東部国境地帯のユーロリージョン(Euroregiony na wschodniej granicy Polski)」(Feb., 2005, mimeo)の翻訳である。これは,文部科学省科学研究費補助金研究「ノーザンディメンション-拡大EU とスラブ圏の域際交流の拡大によるヨーロッパ経済空間の再編-」(基盤研究B(1),課題番号16330052),研究代表者:立正大学経済学部・蓮見雄)の基礎研究として執筆された報告書の翻訳である。はじめに 1.EU におけるトランスボーダーリージョン間協力発展の必要性の理論的根拠 2.EU のトランスボーダーリージョン 3.ユーロリージョン活動におけるINTERREGⅢの役割 (以上,本号)
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2006-09
Volume volume38
Issue issue2
Start Page 147
End Page 159
ISSN 03863069
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002304901
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12402
Title Alternative Mieczys aw W. Socha, Bart omiej Rokicki “Euroregions on the Polish Eastern Border (2)”
FullText URL 38_3_057_089.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract 本稿は,ミェチスワフ・W・ソハ(Mieczys aw W. Socha)教授(ワルシャワ大学経済学部マクロ経済・外国貿易理論講座),バルトゥウォミェイ・ロキツキ(Bart omiej Rokicki)氏(ワルシャワ大学経済学部博士課程院生)の共著による「ポーランド東部国境地帯のユーロリージョン(Euroregiony na wschodniej granicy Polski)」(Feb., 2005, mimeo)の翻訳である。これは,文部科学省科学研究費補助金研究「ノーザンディメンション-拡大EU とスラブ圏の域際交流の拡大によるヨーロッパ経済空間の再編-」(基盤研究B(1),課題番号16330052),研究代表者:立正大学経済学部・蓮見雄)の基礎研究として執筆された報告書の翻訳である。4.ポーランド東部地域を含むユーロリージョン a.ユーロリージョン・バルト b.ユーロリージョン・ブグ c.ユーロリージョン・カルパチア d.ユーロリージョン・ウィナ=ワヴァ e.ユーロリージョン・ニエメン f.ユーロリージョン・ビャウォヴィエジャ原生林 5.ポーランド東部諸県の経済の特徴 (以上,本号)
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2006-12
Volume volume38
Issue issue3
Start Page 57
End Page 89
ISSN 03863069
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002304816
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12425
Title Alternative Grzegorz W. Kolodko 'Institutions, Policy and Growth', 2004.
FullText URL 37_1_149_170.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro| Yoshizaki, Tomoko|
Abstract 経済成長の必要条件およびその可能性について,議論がほぼ出し尽されたので―これはポーランドに関しても同様(Kolodko 2002b and 2002c ; Noga 2004)―,ここで改めて社会の機能と発展にとって決定的に重要ないくつかの点について再考することは有益であろう。とりわけ,楽観的に立つ論者-根拠が説得的であることを望むが(Kolodko 2001)-がいる一方,同様に合理的な根拠から悲観的になりがちな論者(Główczyk 2003 ; Podkaminer 2004)がいるような場合はなおさらである。本稿では,成長要因,潜在成長率と実際の成長率との間の乖離の原因について論じる。とりわけ,市場経済制度の構造および機能と,そのフレームワークの中で採られる政策や政策手段の効率性との間の相互作用に関し,それが長期における生産量の変動にどのような影響を与えるかという視点からいくつかの問題を取り上げたい。様々な論点が考えられるが,少なくともそのいくつかはより注意深く検討する価値があろう。
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2005-06-10
Volume volume37
Issue issue1
Start Page 149
End Page 170
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002304836
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12427
Title Alternative Mieczyslaw W. Socha, Bartlomiej Rokicki “Euroregions on the Polish Eastern Border (3) ”
FullText URL 39_1_075_095.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract 本稿は,ミェチスワフ・W・ソハ(Mieczys aw W. Socha)教授(ワルシャワ大学経済学部マクロ経済・外国貿易理論講座),バルトゥウォミェイ・ロキツキ(Bartlomiej Rikicki)氏(ワルシャワ大学経済学部博士課程院生)の共著による「ポーランド東部国境地帯のユーロリージョ(Euroregiony na wschodniej granicy Polski)」(Feb.,2005,mimeo)の翻訳である。これは,文部科学省科学研究費補助金研究「ノーザンディメンション-拡大EU とスラブ圏の域際交流の拡大によるヨーロッパ経済空間の再編-」(基盤研究B,課題番号16330052),研究代表者:立正大学経済学部・蓮見雄)の基礎研究として執筆された報告書の翻訳である。 はじめに 1.EU におけるトランスボーダーリージョン間協力発展の必要性の理論的根拠 2.EU のトランスボーダーリージョン 3.ユーロリージョン活動における INTERREGIIIの役割(以上,第38巻第2号) 4.ポーランド東部地域を含むユーロリージョン a.ユーロリージョン・バルト b.ユーロリージョン・ブグ c.ユーロリージョン・カルパチア d.ユーロリージョン・ウィナ=ワヴァ e.ユーロリージョン・ニエメン f.ユーロリージョン・ビャウォヴィエジャ原生林 5.ポーランド東部諸県の経済の特徴 (以上,第38巻第3号) 6.ベラルーシ,ロシア,ウクライナ地域の特徴 a.ベラルーシ b.カリーニングラード州 c.ウクライナ 7.実証的調査の方法(省略)
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2007-06
Volume volume39
Issue issue1
Start Page 75
End Page 95
ISSN 03863069
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002304822
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12428
Title Alternative The Rise of Interventionism in Interwar Poland −Etatism as a Development Strategy−
FullText URL oer_037_2_001_017.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract Introducing the discussions and practices of Polish etatism in 1930's, this article presents the historical process that the state control was strengthened and etatism became a main development strategy of the Polish government. One of the main problems of the economic policy of interwar Poland was economic backwardness and stagnation. The economic liberalism was a main current of economic ideology in the government (as an at least official standpoint), as well as the industrial world and academic circles. However, the economic liberalism and the political democratization couldn't solve these economic problems. The political situation was stabilized by Pilsudski's Coup D'etat, but the economic structural problem was still left (Chapter 1). Chapter 2 introduces arguments about interventionism and the controversy over an economic planning. The thoughts of an economic planning of the Polish Communist Party of Poland (KPP), the Polish cooperatism, the economic calculation debate, and the development policy of technocrats, would be worth paying attention. The so called "April Constitution" (1935) and the Great Depression (1929−1935) are analyzed in Chapters 3 and Chapter 4. The Great Depression shook the trust in market and the fundamental idea of economic liberalism. In 1935, new constitution was promulgated, and the president got a strong authority. Such a situation strengthened the tendency to etatism. In Chapter 5, the Central Industrial Region (COP) constructed on the base of etatistic ideology is empirically analyzed. It seemed effective not only in temporary economic stabilization, but in structural change of Polish economy that stands in long−term perspective. However, the construction of the Central Industrial Region was interrupted by World War II.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2005-09-10
Volume volume37
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 17
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120005816929
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12438
Title Alternative Mechanism of the Polish External Debt Accumulation in 1970's
FullText URL 36_4_069_084.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract In this paper, the author clarifies the mechanism of the Polish external debt accumulation in 1970's which had become one of the causes of the system collapse. A basic strategy of 70's economic development was established at the 6th Congress of the Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR) held in 1971. The system reform in full scale started in 1973 based on this strategy. On the other hand, economic growth was at the peak in 1973. It decelerated afterwards, and a lot of economic difficulties were already caused in 1974. And the system reform was frustrated. Though the "economic adjustment" was introduced in 1976, the external debt accumulated rapidly, and the national income produced recorded negative growth in 1979. Finally, the financial crunch and the external debt crisis were generated. A Polish socialist system became dysfunction, and the system collapsed in 1989. The cause to which the external debt accumulates is as follows : (1) soft control of the foreign currency management in the relatively centralized economic system, (2) inefficient production system caused by the price distortion, (3) failure of domestic industry policy, especially agricultural policy. The following reform was necessary to solve these problems : (1) introduction of profit and loss account based on market prices, (2) bankruptcy processing of enterprise which loses solvency of external debt, (3) activation of private farms. However, it is a solution which obviously contradicts the socialistic principles. In such a meaning, the failure of the economic policy and the system design in 1970's could be the begining of the end of the Polish socialist system.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2005-03-10
Volume volume36
Issue issue4
Start Page 69
End Page 84
ISSN 0386-3069
Related Url http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002304894
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12544
Title Alternative The Failure of Democratization and Economic Liberalism in Poland in the Interwar Period
FullText URL 33_1_035_051.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract This article is to analyze the reasons of the failure of democratization and economic liberalism in Poland in the interwar period. Poland had failed to establish assembly democracy and a liberal market economy system, which allowed the Pilsudski's coup d'etat and etatism (economic interventionism of the state) to become dominant. This article will attempt to show why the Polish liberal economic policy collapsed and what political and economic conditions were instrumental to the rapid growth of authoritarianism by analyzing not only the economic aspects but the relationship between the parliament, government and president, etc. The economic liberalization and democratization tried out in newborn Poland successively failed due to the immature political bodies, conflict among the parliament, president and government, and the immature market. The administration established after the coup d'etat of Pilsudski was backed up by the worldwide economic recovery and stabilized economic situations of the mid twenties, but not able to take any effective measures against the world financial crisis post 1929. During the 20 years of the interwar period, economic liberalism was always in the mainstream of economic policy, but there was no positive and strong ideology in the background of the appearance of etatism. The market was too feeble to support the unstable Polish economy, and under those conditions, strong intervention by the state in the economy could not be avoided.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2001-06-10
Volume volume33
Issue issue1
Start Page 35
End Page 51
ISSN 0386-3069
Related Url http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000130085
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12675
Title Alternative Marek Mazur Some Remarks on the Development of the Polish Banking System
FullText URL oer_29_1_159_173.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract This is a translation of the paper (mimeo) written by Mark Mazur, the economic adviser to the Deputy of the Minister of Finance in Poland. The subject of considerations in this paper is the development of the Polish banking system and its current problems. The banking sector in Poland is in the process of restructuring and development. State banks have been privatized and financially restructured. Many small banks have established. On the other side, banking sector has been affected by diffictlties asocciated with the period of transformation to a market economy. The author analizes the process and its problems from the viewpoints of credibility, quality, of service, competition, privatization and consolidation. The author indicates; decreasing trend of bad dubts, passive financing activities of banks to private sector and inclination to investment into the state bonds, regional and segmental monopolization of the main banks, and difficulties in the process of consolidation.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 1997-06-05
Volume volume29
Issue issue1
Start Page 159
End Page 173
ISSN 0386-3069
Related Url http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000129878
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/13286
Title Alternative The Report of the Polish Office of the Committee for European Integration. "4 Years of Poland's Membership in the EU" −Translation and Comments (1)−
FullText URL 40_2_049_060.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract ポーランドの欧州統合委員会(Urz d Komitetu Integracji Europejskiej : UKIE)は2008年6月、145ページにおよぶ「ポーランドEU 加盟の4年間欧州連合加盟による社会・経済的利益とコストのバランスシート(2004年5月1日~2008年5月1日)」("4 lata cz onkostwa Polski w UE. Bilans korzysci i kosztów spo eczno−gospodarczych zwi zanych z cz onkostwem w Unii Europejskiej. 1 maja 2004 r.− 1 maja 2008 r .")を発表した。ポーランドの欧州統合委員会は、毎年こうした評価レポートを発表している。しかし、今回のレポートが対象としている期間(2004年5月1日~2008年5月1日)には、失業率の大幅低下、労働移民の拡大、シェンゲン協定の適用など、ポーランドのEU 加盟を評価し今後の展望を考える上で重要な要素が含まれている。そこで、この評価レポートの内容を紹介しながら、ポイントを分析したい。
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2008-09-10
Volume volume40
Issue issue2
Start Page 49
End Page 60
ISSN 03863069
Related Url http://eprints.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/14105/ http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310524
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/14105
Title Alternative The Report of the Polish Office of the Committee for European Integration. "4 Years of Poland's Membership in the EU" −Translation and Comments (2)−
FullText URL 40_3_083_090.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract ポーランドの欧州統合委員会(Urz d Komitetu Integracji Europejskiej : UKIE)は2008年6月、145ページにおよぶ「ポーランドEU 加盟の4年間欧州連合加盟による社会・経済的利益とコストのバランスシート(2004年5月1日~2008年5月1日)」("4 lata cz onkostwa Polski w UE. Bilans korzysci i kosztów spo eczno−gospodarczych zwi zanych z cz onkostwem w Unii Europejskiej. 1 maja 2004 r.− 1 maja 2008 r .")を発表した。ポーランドの欧州統合委員会は、毎年こうした評価レポートを発表している。しかし、今回のレポートが対象としている期間(2004年5月1日~2008年5月1日)には、失業率の大幅低下、労働移民の拡大、シェンゲン協定の適用など、ポーランドのEU 加盟を評価し今後の展望を考える上で重要な要素が含まれている。そこで、この評価レポートの内容を紹介しながら、ポイントを分析したい。
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2008-12-10
Volume volume40
Issue issue3
Start Page 83
End Page 90
ISSN 0386-3069
Related Url http://eprints.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/13286/ http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308499
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/20116
Title Alternative Arkadiusz Tarnowski, Polska i Japonia 1989-2004. Stosunki polityczne, gospodarcze i kulturalne (Poland & Japan 1989-2004. Political, Economic, Cultural Relations). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo TRIO, 2009, 544pp.
FullText URL 41_4_047_054.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2010-03-31
Volume volume41
Issue issue4
Start Page 47
End Page 54
ISSN 0386-3069
Related Url http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310797
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/40217
FullText URL 042_2_021_045.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro|
Abstract In this article, I will try to present the mechanism of the collapse of the socialist economic system based on empirical analysis of reforms of the Polish socialist economy. In Poland, there were several attempts to carry out economic reforms, but in most cases, the experiments failed. I therefore examined why the reforms failed, and why reform ultimately stalled in deadlock. I focused on the stiffness of basic architecture of the “traditional” system, the structural cyclicity of the reforms, the political limits of deepening of socialist reforms, compatibility and interactivity between the platform of the system and functioning mechanisms. Reasons for inability to build an effective system through reform of the socialist economy can be traced back to the rigidity of the platform. The logic wove into the basic architecture withdraw the functioning mechanism, which was partially improved in order to fit the environment, to the original logic. This rigidity of the platform formed cyclicity of the economic reform. Therefore, the system does not function efficiently if the platform is not essentially replaced. However, the basic architecture of the platform is an ideological base of the socialist system, and changing this lead to the denial of socialism. These are the limitations of economic reforms in the socialist system. This inflexibility also caused the collapse of the system and it inevitably led to the systemic transformation.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2010-09-10
Volume volume42
Issue issue2
Start Page 21
End Page 45
ISSN 0386-3069
Related Url http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/gakkai/
language ポーランド語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002401094