JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48689
FullText URL 66_4_343.pdf
Author Fujiwara, Takeo| Takao, Soshi| Iwase, Toshihide| Hamada, Jun| Kawachi, Ichiro|
Abstract Little is known about the association between social capital and child behaviors. This study aims to investigate that association. A complete population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted for all the caregivers with preschool children in a rural town in Okayama prefecture in Japan. Two dimensions of individual-level social capital and unhealthy child behaviors were reported by parent-administered questionnaire. We analyzed 354 preschool children (57.6% of all children for whom questionnaires were completed). Children whose main caregiver had high cognitive social capital were 89% less likely to miss breakfast (odds ratio [OR]=0.11;95% confidence interval [CI]:0.01-1.03). Children whose caregiver had high structural social capital were 71% less likely to wake up late (OR=0.29;95% CI:0.12-0.71) and 78% less likely to skip tooth brushing more than once per day (OR=0.22;95% CI:0.05-0.93). Both cognitive and structural social capital were negatively associated with unhealthy child behaviors. A further intervention study is needed to confirm the impact of social capital on child behavior.
Keywords tooth brushing child health social capital skipping breakfast watching TV
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 343
End Page 350
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22918207
Web of Sience KeyUT 000307918900007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30971
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Hamada, Jun| Takao, Soshi|
Abstract <p>We discuss the concept of social capital, which has received much attention recently. Social capital is important for the following 2 key reasons:(1) a highly democratic polity and a strong economic performance that attaches great importance to the public good can be achieved on the basis of high social capital;and (2) social capital can effect health status in the human population, and widening of income inequality harms human health through the erosion of social capital. In addition, there are 3 political implications of social capital for Japanese society:(1) social capital has implications for the political decision of whether Japanese society should adopt a “medium burden for medium welfare” or a “low burden for small welfare” model together with the concept of social overhead capital;(2) reciprocity, which is one of the primary components of social capital, is similar to the philosophy underlying the health care system of Japan;(3) Japanese society needs to change from a society that emphasizes the relationships between its members to a society that is open to outsiders and has sufficient opportunities.</p>
Keywords social capital trust norm of reciprocity network of civic engagements income inequality and health
Amo Type Review
Published Date 2008-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume62
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 275
End Page 283
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18985087
Web of Sience KeyUT 000260391300001
Author Hamada, Jun|
Published Date 2007-09-03
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume119
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article