JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56693
Title Alternative Development of an interdisciplinary study plan on the seasonal transition from autumn to winter around the Japan Islands (Through the lesson study at junior high school with attention to the shallow convective rainfall “Shi-gu-re” in the cold air outbreak situations in early winter)
FullText URL esr_025_019_030.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Nishikawa, Sari| Nakakura, Toshimi|
Abstract An interdisciplinary study plan on the seasonal transition from autumn to winter around the Japan Islands and the “seasonal feeling” associated with the shallow convective rainfall “Shi-gu-re” in that stage expressed in the Japanese classic poems called “Wa-ka” was developed, through a lesson study at junior high school. In that study plan, special attention was paid to the seasonal evolution of the larger-scale systems from autumn to winter, such as the Siberian air mass and the Siberian high, and the relation to the cold air intrusion into the Japan Sea and the Japan Islands. According to the analysis of the lesson practice results, students seem to understand that the winter-type weather pattern becomes dominant around November, together with the features of the intermittent rainfall in the winter-type pressure pattern called “Shi-gu-re” expressed in the “Wa-ka”. However, necessity of further improvement of the study plan was pointed out, so that the students can understand more exactly the role of the seasonal development of the Siberian high and Siberian air mass in the climate around the Japan Islands.
Keywords Interdisciplinary collaboration between climate and cultural understanding education Climate environment around Japan Transition from autumn to winter around Japan “Seasonal feeling” in early winter expressed in the Japanese classic literature ESD
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2018-12-27
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 19
End Page 30
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2018 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56692
Title Alternative Synoptic climatological analyses on the large day-to-day variation of air temperature around Germany in winter (Relating to the “seasonal feeling” in “Fasnacht”, the festival for driving the winter away)
FullText URL esr_025_007_017.pdf
Author Hamaki, Tatsuya| Kato, Kuranoshin| Otani, Kazuo| Kato, Haruko| Matsumoto, Kengo|
Abstract Synoptic climatological analyses associated with the large day-to-day variation of air temperature around Germany in winter were performed based mainly on the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data for 2000/2001 to 2010/2011 winters, with an interest in the relationship to the “seasonal feeling” in “Fasnacht”, the festival for driving the winter away. The intermittent appearance of the extremely cold days with rather large day-to-day variation in winter as pointed out by Kato et al. (2017) for around Germany was seen also to the north and to the east of Germany. According to a case study for the 2000/2001 winter, such large daily mean temperature fluctuation was closely related to the intraseasonal variation of the Icelandic low with about one month period, i.e., while the temperature around Germany was relatively higher at the eastward shift phase of the Icelandic low due to the strong warm air advection by the SW-ly wind, the temperature was extremely low there when the Icelandic low was weakened and retreated westward.
Keywords Comparative climatology Climate around Europe Synoptic climatology on daily temperature variation in winter around Germany seasonal cycle and “seasonal feeling”
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2018-12-27
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 7
End Page 17
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2018 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/CTED/56551
Title Alternative Interdisciplinary collaboration between climate and cultural understanding education for promoting the fundamental ESD literacy A report of the lesson practice in the university on climate and “seasonal feeling” in the northern Europe
FullText URL cted_009_183_198.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Akagi, Rikako| Otani, Kazuo|
Abstract ESD的視点を育むための学際的な指導法開発へ向けて,北欧の夏の気候と季節サイクルを中心に日々の気温の変動幅にも注目した気候背景を解析するとともに,大学での授業実践結果を分析した。北欧の冬には,平均気温だけでなく極端な低温日の気温もドイツより更に低く,極端な低温日は4月初め頃まで出現する。また,夏至〜7月一杯までが気温のピークで,その後は急降温する。授業では,絵画作品の鑑賞や,伝統的な季節の行事やくらしについての映像の視聴,伝承曲の鑑賞を行ない,夏至祭をテーマとする音楽や美術の表現活動を行った。音楽の創作活動では小物の打楽器類などを用いた。表現活動を通して,季節の特徴や移り変わり,人々の生活,気持ちなどへの自分の注目点を意識することにより,そこに住む人々の季節感と自分の感じ方とに繋がりを得る機会になったと考えられる。
Keywords 気候と芸術との連携 学際的気候教育 ESD 季節サイクルと季節感 北欧と日本との気候比較
Publication Title Bulletin of Center for Teacher Education and Development, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-03-20
Volume volume9
Start Page 183
End Page 198
ISSN 2186-1323
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/55324
Title Alternative A case study on the cyclone activity around Europe from winter to spring of 2000
FullText URL esr_023_1_033_042.pdf
Author Kuwana, Yusuke| Kato, Kuranoshin| Takigawa, Yumi| Kojima, Yumi| Otani, Kazuo|
Abstract Although the extratropical cyclone is one of the basic systems that characterize the weather and climate in mid-latitude regions with the large meridional temperature gradient, its activity and characteristics would be greatly influenced by the seasonal transition and regional differences of the mean atmospheric fields such as between Europe and East Asia. Furthermore, detailed knowledge of the daily cyclone activity would help to understand deeply the differences of regional climatology including seasonal cycles among various areas. In such interest, the present study performed a case study on the cyclone activity around Europe from winter to spring of 2000. In winter, intraseasonal variation of the Icelandic Low was dominant. In the stage when such intraseasonal-scale Icelandic Low approached to the northwestern Europe, the several lows passed eastward with a few days interval around the intraseasonal-scale low pressure area or its southern edge where the baroclinicity was relatively strong. It is also noted that their center pressure was rather low (below 980hPa). After April, when the seasonal mean Icelandic low had disappeared, different types of the intra-seasonal-scale cyclones and anticyclones were dominantly observed. In the lower SLP stage of the intraseasonal variation in Europe, the low to the southwest of England in the middle of April was of the equivalent barotropic structure and persisted for about ten days. On the other hand, high pressure area extending from England to the northern coast of Germany also persisted for about half month. The southern half of that high area was also of equivalent barotropic structure with warmer air there.
Keywords cyclone activity around Europe comparative climatology between Europe and East Asia seasonal cycle dynamic climatology
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2016-12-27
Volume volume23
Issue issue1
Start Page 33
End Page 42
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2016 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/55323
Title Alternative Synoptic climatological analyses on the rainfall features in southern Kyushu and the atmospheric fields around April
FullText URL esr_023_1_017_032.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Morizuka, Nozomi| Matsumoto, (Kengo| Otani, Kazuo|
Abstract Around April, total precipitation in southern Kyushu already attains rather large value due to the increase in contribution of the “heavy rainfall days” (with daily precipitation more the 50 mm/day, referred to as HRD). The present study examined the rainfall features and atmospheric conditions on the HRDs at Kagoshima in southern Kyushu, based on the operational observation data from 1990 to 2009. The HRDs there in April appeared mainly associated with the extratropical cyclone passage, together with tentative appearance of the stationary front. The mean daily precipitation on the HRDs was 82 mm and contribution of the intense rainfall more than 10 mm/h attained up to 38 mm, which accounted for 46 % of the daily total precipitation. In April, the high specific humidity area in the time mean field was still located far to the south of the Japan Islands and the stratification around the Japan Islands was very stable for deep moist convection. However, the zone with rather strong seasonal mean baroclinicity extended to rather southern area near 20°N. This would provide a favorable condition for the long-distance moistur
Keywords heavy rainfall around April in southern Kyushu rainfall associated with extratropical cyclones around the Japan Islands seasonal cycle around Japan
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2016-12-27
Volume volume23
Issue issue1
Start Page 17
End Page 32
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2016 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/CTED/54941
Title Alternative Development of an interdisciplinary class for university students with attention to differences of the climate and “seasonal feeling” in winter : Comparing between those around Germany and the Japan Islands
FullText URL cted_007_157_166.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Otani, Kazuo| Hamaki, Tatsuya| Haga, Yuichi|
Abstract  中高緯度における季節サイクルの多様性や日々の変動に伴う季節の中の幅にも注目して,ドイツ付近での冬の追い出しの行事「ファスナハト」を題材に学際的授業を開発し,大学での教科横断的授業の中での実践結果を検討した。授業では,「ドイツではなぜ冬を追い出さずにはいられないのか」を気候データからイメージして,それを音楽で表現する活動(ファスナハトのオリジナル作品の創作)を行なった。ドイツの冬の厳しさは,平均気温が低いだけでなく,日々の変動が大きい中での極端な低温日の頻出にも特徴づけられていた。音楽での表現活動では,気候データの把握とファスナハトの行事の映像の視聴等により,その行事の存在の意義を考えることが出来た。更に,それらを踏まえた創作と演奏により,日本と比較したドイツ付近の季節の特徴や移り変わりの何に自分が注目しているのかを学生自身が再認識して,気候やそこに住む人々の感じ方を想像する機会となった。
Abstract Alternative  An interdisciplinary class for university students on the climate in winter around Germany and the traditional event “Fasnacht” for driving winter away was developed, with attention to the variety of seasonal cycles from region to region in middle latitudes. According to the climatological analyses, the “severe winter feeling” around Germany seems to be associated greatly with the intermittent appearance of the extremely cold days as the very large day-to-day variations rather than with the mean lower temperature. In this joint activity, students firstly tried to understand or imagine why the people there can’t help driving the winter away, based on the climate data. After such consideration, each student composed a music work which expresses such “seasonal feeling” about the “Fasnacht” with use of the various small percussion instruments. The students seemed to have an opportunity for realizing the climate in foreign regions and the “seasonal feeling” there, through the composition and performance of the music works in such processes.
Keywords 地学と音楽との連携 (Joint activity of earth science with music) 学際的気候教育 (Interdisciplinary climate education) 季節サイクルと季節感 (Seasonal cycle and “seasonal feeling) ドイツと日本との気候比較 (Comparison of climate between Germany and Japan) ESD
Publication Title Bulletin of Center for Teacher Education and Development, Okayama University
Published Date 2017-03-27
Volume volume7
Start Page 157
End Page 166
ISSN 2186-1323
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2017 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version publisher
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Akagi, Rikako| Inada, Yoshihiko|
Published Date 2016-02
Publication Title Environmental Research & Control
Volume volume37
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Kuranoshin, Kato| Rikako, Akagi| Haruko, Kato| Yuichi, Haga|
Published Date 2015-02
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume36
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/53196
Title Alternative Precipitation characteristics and large-scale atmospheric fields on the heavy rainfall days in the eastern part of Japan (Climatological features in midsummer and the supplemental study for the Baiu season)
FullText URL esr_021_1_033_043.pdf
Author Matusmoto, Kengo| Kato, Kuranoshin| Otani, Kazuo|
Abstract  Rainfall characteristics and large-scale atmospheric fields on the “heavy rainfall days” (with more than 50mm/day) in midsummer, and so on, at Tokyo in the eastern Japan were examined for 1971 to 2010, succeeding to Matsumoto et al. (2013)  The present study firstly examined the rainfall features and the atmospheric fields for the “heavy rainfall days” at Tokyo with rather lower appearance frequency than in the typhoon related patterns in Matsumoto et al. (2013) and so on. In these cases (three cases in total), although the synoptic situations were rather different among each other, they seem to occur under the systems with relatively small zonal scale associated with the great meander of the upper-level westerly wind.  Next, the climatological analyses similar to Matsumoto et al. (2013) were performed for the "heavy rain days" at Tokyo in midsummer (1~31 August). The precipitation on the “heavy rainfall days” at Tokyo in midsummer was mainly brought by the intense rainfall with more than 10 mm/h, as in the western Japan in the mature stage of the Baiu season. The detailed examination of the rainfall features for the case on 10 August 2009, with use of the 10-minutes precipitation data and the Radar AMeDAS Composite Data by the JMA, revealed that the organized meso-β-scale convective rainfall systems as often appear in the western Japan in the mature stage of the Baiu season were just to the east of the typhoon, and brought the intense rainfall at Tokyo to result in the large daily precipitation.
Keywords rainfall characteristics in eastern Japan heavy rainfall in eastern Japan in the Baiu and midsummer seasons rainfall climatology
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2014-12-27
Volume volume21
Issue issue1
Start Page 33
End Page 43
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2014 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
NAID 120005567874
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/53195
Title Alternative A preliminary study on the seasonal cycles of the cyclone activity and the large-scale fields in Europe at the viewpoint comparing with those in East Asia
FullText URL esr_021_1_023_032.pdf
Author Takigawa, Yumi| Haga, Yuichi| Matsumoto, Kengo| Kato, Kuranoshin|
Abstract  Preliminary analyses on the seasonal cycles of the large-scale atmospheric mean fields and the cyclone activity in Europe were performed based mainly on the NCEP/NCAR re-analysis data, at the viewpoint comparing with those in East Asia.  As for the climatological monthly mean fields (1981~2010), the meridional temperature gradient in East Asia presents striking seasonal change with the maximum in winter and the minimum in summer. It is interesting that such transition from winter to summer and that from summer to winter occur rather rapidly accompanied by the great temperature increase around April to June and the decrease around October to November, respectively, in a wide region of 40~70N. On the other hand, the temperature gradient in Europe is significantly smaller with slight seasonal change than that in East Asian winter.  By the way, in spite of the above difference of the horizontal temperature gradient between Europe and East Asia, the cyclone activity does not seem to be so weak even around Europe. Thus, the seasonal cycles of the characteristics of the cyclones and their environmental fields around Europe were examined. At the first step, we analyzed the daily cyclone activity in Europe for January and July of 2000. Many low pressure centers at the surface level appeared in both January and July. Referring also to the daily maps of sea level pressure and geopotential height at 500 hPa level, we found that not only the cyclones corresponding to the baroclinic instability waves, but also to the cold vortices which amplitudes increased with height appeared frequently. Moreover, it is interesting that the large-scale cold vortex, which embeds the shortwave trough with the low center at the surface level, appeared in the northern Europe in July as in East Asian winter, when such multi-scale systems sometimes bring the persisting heavy snowfall events in the Japan Sea side of the Japan Islands.
Keywords seasonal cycle cyclone activity Europe and East Asia
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2014-12-27
Volume volume21
Issue issue1
Start Page 23
End Page 32
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2014 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
NAID 120005567874
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Sato, Sari| Yamada, Yumi| Akagi, Rikako| Otani, Kazuo|
Published Date 2014-02
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume35
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/52167
Title Alternative Preliminary analyses on the climatological features of precipitation characteristics and large-scale atmospheric fields on the heavy rainfall days in the eastern part of Japan during the mature stage of the Baiu season
FullText URL esr_020_1_025_034.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Kengo| Kato, Kuranoshin| Otani, Kazuo|
Abstract Rainfall characteristics and large-scale atmospheric fields on the “heavy rainfall days” (with more than 50 mm/day) in the mature stage of the Baiu season (16 June ~ 15 July) at Tokyo in the eastern part of the Japan Islands were examined, based on the daily and the hourly precipitation data from 1971 to 2010. Appearance frequency of the “heavy rainfall days” at Tokyo attained only about 1/3 of that at Nagasaki in the western Japan. Furthermore, it is noted that about half of the “heavy rainfall days” at Tokyo were related to the typhoon. In detail, about half of the typhoon cases were associated with the direct approach of a typhoon (referred to as Pattern A, hereafter), the other half corresponded to the situation when the Baiu front also stagnated around Kanto District with a typhoon to the southwest of Kanto (Pattern B). Although the contribution of the intense rainfall with more than 10 mm/h to the total precipitation was large in Pattern A, that with less than 10 mm/h was dominant in Patterns B and C (Pattern C: meso-α-scale cyclone on the Baiu front approaching to the Kanto District). It is noted that about half of the “heavy rainfall days” corresponded to these pattern. In other words, unlike the localized torrential rain in western Japan, the “heavy rainfall days” due to the duration of “not-so-intense-rain” appeared rather frequently in the eastern part of Japan even in the Baiu season. In both Patterns B and C, relatively strong low-level southerly wind associated with the disturbance (a typhoon or a meso-α-scale cyclone) invades into the baroclinic zone in the basic field sustained as the sowthwestern edge of the cool Okhotsk air mass. It is interesting that the “heavy rainfall days” there due to the contribution of the persistent “not-so-intense-rain” occur just in such situation.
Keywords rainfall characteristics in eastern Japan heavy rainfall in eastern Japan in Baiu season rainfall climatology
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2013-12-27
Volume volume20
Issue issue1
Start Page 25
End Page 34
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2013 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
NAID 120005394595
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/52166
Title Alternative A case study on the rainfall distribution over the Japan Islands associated with the approach of Ty0423 in late October (Comparison with that for Ty0418)
FullText URL esr_020_1_013_024_rev.pdf
Author Satake, Ai| Kato, Kuranoshin| Mori, Yoshinori| Goda, Yasuhiro| Ikeda, Shoichiro| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract Rainfall distribution in the Japan Islands associated with the approach of Typhoon No.23 around 20 October 2004 (referred to Ty0423, hereafter) showed considerably different features from those in late summer of this year. The present study examined the detailed rainfall features around the Japan Islands brought by Ty0423 and the atmospheric processes based on the operational observation data by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), comparing with those in association with Ty0418 around 7 September 2004. During the stage when Ty0423 was approaching or landing on the western part of the Japan Islands, the areal mean precipitation from Kyushu to Kanto District attained much larger than that for Ty0418, with wider extension of the area with the large amount of precipitation. It is interesting that, although the intense rainfall was observed only at the upstream side of the mountain range from Kyushu to Honshu District for Ty0418 except for the area near its center, strong rainfall with 10~30 mm/h persisted in wider regions from the western to the eastern part of the Japan Islands, resulting in the considerably large total rainfall for Ty0423. As for the case for Ty0423, the surface front with stable frontal surface was located just to the east of the Ty0423 center just before its landing at the Japan Islands. Thus, the huge moisture inflow mainly in the eastern region from the typhoon center seems to be redistributed widely over the Japan Islands area associated with the large-scale convergence around the stable frontal surface. In late October, the colder air associated with the high pressure system in the eastern Siberia can cover the northern part of the Japan Sea area as the seasonal march. Such basic field might be favorable for sustaining the synoptic-scale front just around the southern coast of the Japan Islands, even when the strong southerly wind invades associated with the typhoon approach there.
Keywords Ty0423 Ty0418 rainfall in Japan associated with a typhoon in mid-autumn effects of a typhoon on the synoptic climatology in Japan in October
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2013-12-27
Volume volume20
Issue issue1
Start Page 13
End Page 24
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2013 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
NAID 120005394594
JaLCDOI 10.18926/CTED/49483
Title Alternative Development of a Study Plan on Investigating Climatological Features of the Baiu Precipitation Based on the Daily Data with Attention to Appearance of Heavy Rainfall Events (A Report of a Class in Attached Junior High School of Okayama University)
FullText URL cted_003_017_026.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Higashi, Nobuhiko|
Abstract  梅雨は,アジアモンスーンの影響を顕著に受けた現象の一つである。本研究では,豪雨の起こり方に注目した日降水量データの分析活動や気象衛星画像の観察など通して梅雨について学ぶ学習プランを開発した。これは中学校理科での「日本の四季の天気」に関する探究的要素も含めた授業提案であるが,高等学校の『地学基礎』,『地学』,『地理』における活用も視野に置いた。研究科教員による附属学校園への相互乗り入れ授業の一環として,岡山大学附属中学校1年生を対象に授業実践を行い,結果について検討した。西日本では,東日本と違い,『大雨日』が頻繁に出現することを反映して,気候学的に総降水量が大変多くなる。授業では,そのような特徴の一端を九州の長崎と関東の東京の6〜7月における1971〜1998 年の日降水量の表から読み解く作業・考察を,中心的活動の一つに据えた。
Keywords 『日本の天気』の授業 気象教育 豪雨をもたらす梅雨前線 東アジア気候系 探究的授業
Publication Title 岡山大学教師教育開発センター紀要
Published Date 2013-03-08
Volume volume3
Start Page 17
End Page 26
ISSN 2186-1323
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2013 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version publisher
NAID 120005232444
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/49212
Title Alternative A case study on persistent appearance of the ensemble of precipitation bands in the warm sector of the Baiu front in the western Japan around 19 June 2001
FullText URL esr_019_1_039_050.pdf
Author Goda, Yasuhiro| Kato, Kuranoshin| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract A case study on persistent appearance of the ensemble of precipitation bands in the warm sector of the Baiu front in Kyushu District, the western part of Japan around 19 June 2001 was performed based on the operational observational data. Around 00UTC (09JST) 19 June when the Baiu front on the surface weather map was still located about a few 100kms to the north of Kyushu, the number and the total area of the meso-β or γ-scale line-shaped precipitation bands increased around Kyushu rapidly. These precipitation bands had been sustained there and gradually gathered each other to change into the Baiu frontal precipitation zone extending from the northern Kyushu to Seto-Naikai (Seto Inland Sea) around 09UTC (18JST) 19 June (the intense rainfall zone was still located in the warm sector of the Baiu front). Until ~09UTC (18JST) 19 June, the moist air flow with the latently unstable stratification had been sustained around Kyushu corresponding to the low-level southerly wind toward the surface Baiu front to the north of Kyushu. This large-scale situation would contribute greatly to the maintenance of the ensemble of the line-shaped precipitation bands in the warm sector of the Baiu front.
Keywords ensemble of line-shaped precipitation bands precipitation in the warm sector of the Baiu front Baiu fronal rainfall
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2012-12-26
Volume volume19
Issue issue1
Start Page 39
End Page 50
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2012 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
NAID 120005232330
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Akagi, Rikako| Kato, Haruko| Otani, Kazuo| Nishimura, Nanako| Mitsuhata, Toshiki| Moriduka, Nozomi| Sato, Sari|
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume34
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Sato, Sari| Kato, Haruko| Akagi, Rikako| Sueishi, Noriko| Mori, Taizo| Irie, Izumi|
Published Date 2012-02
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume33
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/CTED/48188
Title Alternative Development of a Study Plan on Investigating the Long-term Variation of the Baiu Precipitation during the 20th Century with Attention to Appearance of the Heavy Rainfall Days at Nagasaki in the Northwestern Part of Kyushu
FullText URL cted_002_001_013.pdf.pdf
Author Kurata, Miki| Kato, Kuranoshin| Otani, Kazuo|
Abstract 梅雨降水量の多い西日本の長崎を例に,20世紀の梅雨降水変動に関する探究的授業の開発を行った。本学習プランは,高校の『地学基礎』,『地学』,『地理』をも念頭に置いたものであるが,岡山大学教育学部の「生活科内容研究A」の1コマ分を使って研究授業を行い,その結果を分析した。気候学的に梅雨が明ける7月後半頃には『無降水日』も多いが,その時期にも主に梅雨前線活動に関連した『顕著な大雨日』がしばしば出現する。授業では,そのような点を探究的に見出すことを目標とし,7月後半頃の日々の大雨日及び無降水日の出現状況やそれらの梅雨最盛期との違い,7月後半頃の顕著な大雨日における気圧配置の特徴などを,6~7月の日々の降水量データ表などに基づき読み取る作業・考察を学習活動の中心に据えた。本稿では,取り扱った現象の特徴,授業の概要,分析結果などについて報告する。
Keywords 『日本の天気』 気象教育 梅雨と豪雨の気候学 20世紀の気候変動 探究的気象授業の開発
Publication Title 岡山大学教師教育開発センター紀要
Published Date 2012-03-19
Volume volume2
Start Page 1
End Page 13
ISSN 2186-1323
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2012 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version publisher
NAID 120003987715
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/47748
Title Alternative Characteristics of typhoon tracks and large-scale atmospheric fields associated with the typhoon approach to the Japan Islands in early summer
FullText URL esr_018_1_011_018.pdf
Author Hamamoto, Natsumi| Kato, Kuranoshin| Nakayama, Yuuki| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract The number of typhoons approaching the Japan Islands is much smaller in May and June than in August to September. However, some typhoons abnormally approach to the Japan Islands in May or June as in 2004. The present study investigated the characteristics of the typhoon tracks and the large-scale fields in May and June associated with the approach of typhoons to the Japan Islands. Climatologically speaking, typhoons are generally formed in the lower latitude in May and early June, and tend to turn to ENE-ward before they reach ~ 20N in May by the upper- and middle-level westerly wind. In June, the upper-level easterly wind associated with the Tibetan high seems to prevent typhoons from approaching to the Japan Islands. However, when the cell-type subtropical high and the deep westerly trough in its western side are formed with the SW-ly from the lower to the middle latitude, a favorable situation for the northward invasion of the typhoon can be realized in May. On the other hand, the formation of the barotropic-like subtropical high to the southeast of the Japan Islands seems to enable a typhoon to approach to the Japan Islands by the S-ly wind around the subtropical high.
Keywords typhoon tracks in early summer large-scale atmospheric fields in early summer
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2011-12-26
Volume volume18
Issue issue1
Start Page 11
End Page 18
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2011 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
NAID 120003796476
JaLCDOI 10.18926/CTED/44373
Title Alternative Joint Activity of Meteorology with Music and Art through a class on the Climate System and its relation to the Variety of “Seasonal Feeling” around Japan in the Faculty of Education
FullText URL cted_001_009_027.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Akagi, Rikako|
Abstract 教育学部生を対象とする教科横断的な科目『くらしと環境』の集中講義を,「多彩な季節感を育む日本の気象・気候系の特徴を理解し,それに関連した音楽や絵画等の内容との学際的繋がりを考える」というテーマで行った。日本の気象・気候系に関して,モンスーンの影響を受けた梅雨や秋雨の降水環境を含む六季のサイクルを具体的に強調するとともに,秋から真冬,真冬から春への遷移期である11月頃や2月後半〜3月前半に,独特な特徴を示して現れる『中間の季節』の存在にも注目させた。それらを踏まえて,唱歌に歌われている内容と季節やその移り変わりに関する事象や気象・気候の特徴との関わりを考える活動を行った。特に,『おぼろ月夜』で歌われている春の情景を踏まえて,「オリジナルストーリー」を作成する活動も行った。また近世・近代の日本画に表された季節感を鑑賞する活動と,抽象画のような色彩の組み合わせによって微妙な季節感を表現する活動も行った。更に本稿では,講義や簡単なデータ分析作業,創作活動の結果について,学生のレポート課題の記載内容や作品に基づく分析も行った。
Abstract Alternative A trial of a class on the climate system and its relation to the variety of “seasonal feeling” around Japan was performed in the Faculty of Education of Okayama University, as the joint activity of meteorology with music and art. Firstly, the characteristics of the climate system around Japan with the variety of the seasonal cycle under the great influence of the Asian monsoon were presented in this class. Not only the rainy seasons called the Baiu and the Aki-Same (autumn rainfall), but also the transition stages from autumn to midwinter (around November) and that from midwinter to spring (late February to early March) were studied in detail. Next the expressions on the seasons in the Japanese school songs and pictures were examined, with attention to the variety of the seasonal cycle. The results of the class were also reported in the present paper.
Keywords 日本の気候系と季節感 (Climate System and Seasonal Feeling around Japan) 教育学部生への学際的気象教育 (Joint Meteorological Education for Bachelor Students with Music and Art) 教科横断的学習 音楽・美術と理科との連携 (Joint Activity of Science Education with Music and Art)
Publication Title 岡山大学教師教育開発センター紀要
Published Date 2011-03-10
Volume volume1
Start Page 9
End Page 27
ISSN 2186-1323
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2011 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version publisher
NAID 120002835647