このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 31837
JaLCDOI
FullText URL
Author
Ochi, Rika
Suemaru, Katsuya
Kawasaki, Hiromu Kaken ID publons
Araki, Hiroaki
Abstract

Theophylline-associated convulsions have been observed most frequently in children with fever, but the mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the basic mechanism of aminophylline [theophylline-2-ethylenediamine]-induced convulsions and the effects of Brewer's yeast-induced pyrexia in mice. Diazepam (5-10mg/kg, i.p.), a benzodiazepine receptor agonist, significantly prolonged the onset and significantly decreased the incidence of convulsions induced by aminophylline (350mg/kg, i.p.). However, the gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptor agonist muscimol (1-4mg/kg, i.p.), the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen (2-4mg/kg, i.p.) and the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor antagonist dizocilpine (0.1-0.3mg/kg, i.p.) failed to protect against the convulsions. 20% Brewer's yeast (0.02ml/g, s.c.) increased body temperature by 1.03, and also significantly shortened the onset and significantly increased the incidence of convulsions induced by aminophylline. The anticonvulsant action of diazepam (2.5-10mg/kg, i.p.) on the convulsions induced by aminophylline was reduced by Brewer's yeast-induced pyrexia. The proconvulsant actions of the GABAA receptor antagonists picrotoxin (3-4mg/kg, i.p.) and pentylenetetrazol (40-60mg/kg, i.p.) were enhanced by Brewer's yeast. These results suggest that the anticonvulsant action of diazepam against aminophylline is reduced by Brewer's yeast-induced pyrexia, and that GABAA receptors are involved in the aggravation of the convulsions by Brewer's yeast in mice.

Keywords
theophylline
seizures
pyrexia
Brewer's yeast
GABAA receptor
Amo Type
Original Article
Published Date
2009-10
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume63
Issue
issue5
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
273
End Page
280
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Science KeyUT