JaLCDOI 10.18926/19585
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_1_23.pdf
Author Kawara, Osami| Fukumoto Kohji|
Abstract In this study we investigated the water quality of surface runoff and groundwater runoff from the basins of the Yodo River and the Asahi River based on that separated by a numerical filter. The water quality of the surface runoff is greatly different from the groundwater runoff. The tendency of concentration change in accordance with river discharges is different from each other. The water qtiality of groundwater runoff changes with river discharges clockwise in many cases. The differences of COD and SS originating from those of population and industrial activities in each basin are found in the lower SS concentrations of the surface runoff and the COD cencentrations of the groundwater runoff. The nutrients and chlorine ion were investigated, too.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1994-11-30
Volume volume29
Issue issue1
Start Page 23
End Page 34
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309068
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15838
FullText URL Mem_Sch_Eng_OU_21_2_9.pdf
Author Kawara Osami| Nasu Kiyotaka|
Abstract This study dealt with the characteristics of hydrodynamics of Kojima Lake and the influence of a regional sewage treatment system in construction on the lake. Clockwise and anticlockwise circulations are caused by seasonal winds in summer and winter, respectively. The distribution of a conservative material continuously discharged off the shore of the sewage treatment plant is scarcely affected by seasonal winds and river discharges. The sewage treatment system improves the water quality of the lake except T-N.
Publication Title Memoirs of the School of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1987-03-05
Volume volume21
Issue issue2
Start Page 9
End Page 19
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307442
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15784
FullText URL Mem_Sch_Eng_OU_15_2_147.pdf
Author Nago Hiroshi| Kawara Osami|
Abstract In this paper, characteristics of hydraulics and water quality in Kojima Bay are discussed based on field observations. The main results obtained are as follows. (1) The variation of flow rate in Kojima Bay has periods for 30 minutes to 2 hours. This characteristic is represented by a two-dimensional numerical simulation fairly well. (2) The local distributions of salinity and suspended solids show increase in the direction to the mouth of Kojima Bay. On the other hand, the distribution of COD(Mn) is nearly uniform in the whole area of the bay. Salinity appears to be influenced by river discharge sensitively but suspended solids does not. (3) The vertical distributions of salinity and suspended solids are similar. There are similar points between the cross-sectional average of water quality and surface water quality. (4) The surface water quality seems to be influenced by the variation of velocity.
Publication Title Memoirs of the School of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1981-03-30
Volume volume15
Issue issue2
Start Page 147
End Page 164
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308021
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15747
FullText URL Mem_Sch_Eng_OU_14_1_139.pdf
Author Kawara Osami|
Abstract In this paper, ozonation of organic substances which are found in wastewater is discussed regarding following respects; (1)removal ratios of COD(Cr) and TOC, (2)removal properties, and (3)oxidation products. The main results are summarized as follows. (l)Ozonation quickly removes proteins and amino acids, but mildly polysaccharides and n-saturated carboxylic acids. (2)The initial removal of COD(Cr) or TOC is quite rapid, but, as the reaction continues, it slows down so drasti-cally that one may suspect that it has completed. (3)Starch and albumine are decomposed to the smaller molecular compounds. (4)The COD(Cr) /TOC ratio of each substance which is chosen in this study decreases. This means that ozonation results in the formation of oxygenated fragments of the original molecule-occurs by bond fission or partial oxidation. (5)Proteins are indispensable components in frothing because they are surface active. They are removed by not only oxidation but also foaming, however, the removal by foaming is not so large.
Publication Title Memoirs of the School of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1979-12-01
Volume volume14
Issue issue1
Start Page 139
End Page 150
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307712
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15711
FullText URL Mem_Sch_Eng_OU_11_2_37.pdf
Author Kawara Osami|
Abstract In this paper, we compare ozone with chlorine regarding following respects; (1)Disinfection efficiency (2)Oxidation power (3)Effects of secondary effluents treated by ozone or chlorine on aerobic microorganisms. Both ozone and chlorine are powerfull oxidizing agents. However,those are greatly different from each other in effects of treatment. Ozone is superior to chlorine in oxidation of organics, perfection of disinfection and effects on aerobic microorganisms. On the other hand, chlorine is superior in disinfection of Coliform group bacteria. Based on these results,it may be concluded that chlorination will be effective in disinfection of effluents which do not contain so much contaminants. However in case of rather highly cotaminated effluents, ozonation will be suitable.
Publication Title Memoirs of the School of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1977-01-25
Volume volume11
Issue issue2
Start Page 37
End Page 49
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307819
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15420
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_61.pdf
Author Kawara, Osami| Danno Hideki| Kunimatsu Takao|
Abstract Lake Biwa is the largest lake in Japan, and one of the most important fresh water resources. The Hino River is the fourth largest river among the rivers which flow into Lake Biwa. The eutrophication of the lake has been warned since the 1960s. In order to improve the water quality of the lake, to decrease the loads through rivers is inevitable. Therefore, it is needed to predict the effects of measures to control pollutant loads and the influence of development in the basin on the loads from rivers before developing the basin and taking measures. This paper deals mainly with the model of water quality management for the Hino River and the effects of the development in the basin on the water quality. The model was formulated considering loads from forests, rice paddy fields, households, housing land, industrial factories. Using this model, a calculation system by a microcomputer was developed and the influence of urbanization of the basin was discussed.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 61
End Page 73
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307182
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14135
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_7.pdf
Author Wang, Xiaoqun| Abe, Takeji| Tada, Naoya| Shimizu, Ichiro|
Abstract Roughening on free surface of polycrystalline metal during plastic deformation is closely related to the inhomogeneous deformation in the respective grain at the surface. Uniaxial tensile tests are carried out on annealed pure aluminum sheet specimens with various averaged grain sizes. The roughening is measured by a 3-dimensional stylus instrument to examine the roughness change in both sides of specimen surfaces at each strain. The irregularities on one side are reversed on the backside, when the averaged grain size is as large as the thickness of the specimen. Discussions are made on the relation between the surface shapes of both sides adopting the cross correlation factor. The strains of respective grains are also measured from the grain boundary shape before and after plastic deformation. There are some deviations in the strains of the grains and their standard deviation increases with the applied strain.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2005-01
Volume volume39
Issue issue1
Start Page 7
End Page 15
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308149
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11525
Title Alternative A Study on Influence of Current Velocity on Phytoplankton
FullText URL 007_045_053.pdf
Author Li, Jinsong| Kawara, Osami| Ono, Yosiro|
Abstract The main problems caused by eutrophication result from the increase of phytoplankton. Therefore, controlling the increase of phytoplankton is the most important. In this study, we discuss the influence of current velocity on the growth of phytoplankton based on the field experiments and laboratory experiments. The laboratory experiments for the influence of current velocity on the growth have been conducted using circular channels, and the field experiments were conducted using a shallow pond. The results of the experiments show current velocity inhibits the growth of phytoplankton.
Keywords Eutrophication growth of phytoplankton influence of current velocity experiment
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 2002-03-22
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 45
End Page 53
ISSN 1341-9099
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313529
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11439
FullText URL 012_071_076.pdf
Author Chen W.| Yoshida R.| Kawara, Osami|
Abstract The Asahi River Dam reservoir is one of the important fresh water resources in Okayama, Japan, and its eutrophication has been noted since the 1980s. Therefore, aeration has been applied to control the growth of phytoplankton. In this study, we discussed the effect of aeration and water-intake depth on the water quality distribution in the reservoir, based on numerical simulation and observation. The principal conclusions were as follows:(1) The numerical simulation models applied here reproduced observations fairly well. (2) Water intake from the surfacce layer reduced the concentration of chlorophyll a in the surface layers. Water intake from the middle or bottom layer improved the deficit of dissolved oxygen in the bottom layers. (3) Aeration together with water intake from the middle or bottom layer improved the deficit of dissolved oxygen in the bottom layers.
Keywords the Asahi River Dam Reservoir numerical simulation eutrophication water intake depth dissolved oxygen chlorophylla
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 2007-03-15
Volume volume12
Issue issue1
Start Page 71
End Page 76
ISSN 1341-9099
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002314056
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15486
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_1_23.pdf
Author Miura, Yoshinari| Takada, Jun| Osaka, Akiyoshi| Kawamura, Toshio|
Abstract Zinc oxide films were prepared on silica glass substrates by the use of an r.f. activated reactive evaporation (ARE) method, and were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron micrograph (SEM). XRD measurements indicate that the films were c-axis oriented and that an r.f. plasma of Zn and O was necessary for the ZnO film deposition. Substrate temperature, oxygen gas pressure, evaporation rate, r.f. power and inlet position of oxygen gas effect the c-axis orientation, the growth rate and the microstructure of the films. Optimum conditions for a dense film with a fine texture of the surface and having good crystallinity were as follows: the substrate temperature;400℃, the evaporation rate;5.0(A)/s, the oxygen pressure;2.0x10(-4) Torr, the r.f. power;150 to 200W, and the oxygen gas inlet near the substrate. For the film prepared under the optimum conditions, the standard deviation σ of the rocking curve for the (002) diffraction was 1.9deg, smaller than that of the film prepared by using an r.f. sputtering method.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1990-12-14
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 23
End Page 35
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307600
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15474
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_53.pdf
Author Osaka, Akiyoshi| Takao Seiji| Oda, Kiichi| Takada, Jun| Miura, Yoshinari|
Abstract Electrical resistance and X-ray photoelectron depth profile analysis are studied for antimony doped tin oxide films developed on silica, alkali-free and sodalime slide glass substrates. The sodium ions diffused from the substrates to the films prevented the crystal growth of rutile type tin oxide in the film, resulting in the high electrical resistance. A diffusion layer has been detected for each film with diffuse profiles of multi valent cations (Sn, Si or Ca) at the interface of the tin oxide film and substrate. A greater amount of sodium atoms have been detected in the film developed on the soda-lime glass while almost no sodium atoms have been found in those on the other substrates. This can be explained by the diffusion of the sodium ions in the substrate due to a drastic hydronium-sodium exchange mechanism under highly acidic conditions during the dipping and drying processes.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1989-11-29
Volume volume24
Issue issue1
Start Page 53
End Page 61
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307279
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15473
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_61.pdf
Author Osaka, Akiyoshi| Kawabata Kouji| Nanba, Tokuro| Takada, Jun| Miura, Yoshinari|
Abstract Mullite-dispersed silica ceramics were prepared through sol-gel processing by the use of tetraethoxy silane, aluminium nitrate and aluminium isopropoxide as the Si and Al sources where HCl and HN0(3) were the catalyst. Effect of the starting materials, solvents and catalysts was examined on the gelation time or temperature of mullite precipitation. Apparent activation energy of gelation ranged from 80 to 95kJ/mol. The presence of AI in the sols elongated the gelling time suggesting the formation of chelate bonds between AI and Si-OR or Si-OH bonds.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 61
End Page 67
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307416
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15436
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_69.pdf
Author Fujii, Tatsuo| Sakata Naoki| Nanba, Tokuro| Osaka, Akiyoshi| Miura, Yoshinari| Takada, Jun|
Abstract (001)-oriented Ti(2)O(3) films were epitaxially grown on a(001)-face of sapphire single-crystalline substrate by an activated reactive evaporation method. The formation ranges of stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric Ti(2)O(3) films were determined as a function of the substrate temperature (Ts), the oxygen pressure (Po(2)) and the deposition rate. Stoichiometric Ti(2)O(3) films were grown at Ts≧673K under Po(2)≧1.0×10(-4)Torr, which showed the metal-insulator transition with a sharp change in electrical resistivity from 3.5×10(-2) to 2.6×10(-3)Ωcm at 361K. Nonstoichiometric films prepared under less oxidized conditions did not exhibit the transition. The nonstoichiometry of the Ti(2)O(3)films was discussed in terms of excess Ti ions.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-03-28
Volume volume26
Issue issue2
Start Page 69
End Page 75
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307639
Author Hori, Kiyofumi|
Published Date 2015-03
Publication Title 臨床法務研究
Volume volume14
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Hori, Kiyofumi|
Published Date 2014-07
Publication Title 臨床法務研究
Volume volume13
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Tajika, Hajime|
Published Date 2014-07
Publication Title 臨床法務研究
Volume volume13
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OLR/52088
Title Alternative Religious Freedom of Institutionalized Persons
FullText URL olr_012_039_044.pdf
Author Tajika, Hajime|
Publication Title 臨床法務研究
Published Date 2013-11
Volume volume12
Start Page 39
End Page 44
ISSN 1881-1485
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120005359135
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46996
FullText URL mfe_36_1_007_016.pdf
Author Li, Yan| Abe, Takeji| Tada, Naoya| Kanazawa, Masanori|
Abstract The change in the surface morphology of polycrystalline titanium during tensile plastic deformation is studied, using the scanning probe microscope as well as the laser scanning microscope. The observation shows that the slip occurs mainly near grain boundary at the strain range of ε < 0.05. The slip develops with the applied strain, and the slip on the second slip system or the crossing of slip lines appear. The surface roughness increases linearly with the applied strain. The height difference between the grain boundary area and the inner grain area also increases with the applied strain, though the increase rate becomes low after the applied strain of about 0.3. The nano-scale height difference of the surface step of slip lines increases with the applied strain, though it remains almost constant after the applied strain of 0.4. The averaged surface roughness measured with the scanning probe microscope is in good agreement with that measured with the laser scanning microscope.
Keywords Plasticity Polycrystalline Titanium Tensile Deformation Surface Morphology Slip Twin Probe Scanning Microscope Laser Scanning Microscope
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2001-12
Volume volume36
Issue issue1
Start Page 7
End Page 16
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 80012831215
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46995
FullText URL mfe_36_1_001_006.pdf
Author Kondou, Ryouji| Abe, Takeji| Tada, Naoya| Shimizu, Ichiro|
Abstract Change in crystal orientation and strain of individual grains during tensile plastic deformation are studied to clarify on the microscopic deformation behavior of polycrystalline copper. The orientation of grain is measured by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique in the scanning electron microscope. The principal strain of grain is also measured by obtaining the approximated ellipse of strain distribution. The deformation of grains dependent on their initial orientation and the rotation of the principal strain during uniaxial tension are clarified.
Keywords Polycrystalline Copper Plastic Deformation SEM EBSD Method Grain Orientation Crystal Orientation Map
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2001-12
Volume volume36
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 6
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120003497021
Author Mohri, Shino| Ono, Yoshiro| Kawara, Osami|
Published Date 2000-09
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume22
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper