Title Alternative Students' empirical learning from clinical nursing practice for chronic illness
FullText URL 013_2_091_098.pdf
Author Hayashi, Yuko|
Abstract 本報告は,慢性期看護実習において,学生が何をどのように感じ,悩み,考え,創造し,ケアし,看護観や自己成長を培っていったかという「経験による学び」の過程とその状況を明らかにすることを目的としている。その結果,学生は,関心を持って患者と出会うことで患者の心情を感じとり,受け止め,考えたり悩んだりしながら,患者のそばにいる,感情を共有する,傾聴する,思いを受け止める,そばでよく観察する,などして能動的に患者にかかわっていた。患者との相互関係のなかで,患者を知り,患者がわかるようになると患者の問題が見えてくるようになり,必要なケアを考えて,創造したケアを実践していた。それらの経験が看護観を培っていた。また,看護婦が醸し出す良い雰囲気を経験した学生は,人間としての暖かさと看護の専門家としての看護師像を浮き彫りにさせ,自分を見つめて自己成長を培っていた。
Abstract Alternative This study is designed to clarify the students empirical learning during clinical practice. It focuses on what and how the students feel, suffer from, think about, care for, and cultivate their own views about nursing. The students were actively involved with the patient at the bedside. The objectives were to share a feeling with a patient, listen to the patient, accept the feeling, and observe the patient. As the students got to know the patient and their relationship developed, the students were able to creatively care for the patient. These experiences during clinical nursing practice helped the students to develop their view of nursing. The students saw nursing as warm and sophisticated profession.
Keywords 慢性期看護実習 (Clinical nursing practice for chronic illness) 経験による学び (Empirical learning) 看護観 (View of nursing) 自己成長 (Self development)
Publication Title 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date 2003-03-20
Volume volume13
Issue issue2
Start Page 91
End Page 98
ISSN 1345-0948
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307369
Title Alternative A Review of the Effects of Laughter on Physical and Mental Health
FullText URL 017_1_001_008.pdf
Author Miyake, Yu| Yokoyama, Yoshie|
Abstract 笑うことが人体に良い影響を及ぼしていることを証明する研究が,欧米を先駆けに,日本でも十数年前から実施されている。本研究は,現在まで日本国内において報告されてきた笑いの効果を身体面,精神面の二方向から概観し,医療や看護の場で笑いを用いる有効性を提示することを目的とし,文献考察を行った。身体面では,多くの研究において笑いの免疫系に関する効果が報告されていた。その他,疼痛緩和,アレルギー患者の皮膚症状の改善,食後血糖値上昇抑制,リラクゼーション効果を明らかにするもの,笑いと睡眠の質に関する研究なども行われていた。笑いの精神的効果として,ストレスコーピング,人間関係の確立,不安,緊張の緩和が挙げられていた。しかし,笑いの定義は研究者により様々であり,笑いやユーモアの定義,分類,尺度化が必要であるとの指摘もなされている。また,健康人を対象とした報告が多く,今後,医療の場でケアとしての笑いについての研究が期待される。
Abstract Alternative Numerous studies have reported beneficial effect of laughter. The purpose of this study is to review physical and mental effects of laughter in previous studies in Japan. Several research of the physical advantages indicated immunological effects, easing pain, normalizing blood-sugar level and improvement of quality of sleeping. Moreover, mental effects of laughter have been reported for management of stress, establishment of human relations, and relaxation of tension. However, definitions of laughter vary in each study. Some studies suggest the unification of definition is necessary. The subjects of these studies were mostly healthy people. Study on laughter as effective of medical cure is needed in the future.
Keywords 笑い (Laughter) ユーモア (Humor) 健康 (Health)
Publication Title 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date 2007-03-15
Volume volume17
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 8
ISSN 1345-0948
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307499
FullText URL 067_134_146.pdf
Author 寺崎 佳代| 山田 修子| 坂本 香須美|
Abstract 私達はロイ看護モデルで事例を看護過程にそって展開することにした。急性疾患では生命の危険があるものも少なくはなく,早期に治療とフォローが必要とされる。それに加えて重要なことは患者自身病気に対し,恐怖にも近い不安を持つ。患者は個人の中にある調節器対処機制と認知器対処機制によって環境の変化に対処していく。対処した行動が適応行動か非効果的行動かは,四つの適応様式,つまり生理的,自己概念,役割機能,相互依存によって示される。患者は自分に必要な行動を認知し,様々な環境に適応していかなければならない。看護婦は効果的なコミュニケーションを用いて急性期の患者の行動をアセスメントし,適応行動か非効果的行動かを判定する。その結果として四つの適応様式,それぞれに個人的特徴が強く現れる。成人期の患者は個人の人生目標もあり,人生経験もある。あるいは治療中に死に至ることもある。そこで心理,社会的様式のアセスメントは特に個人の背景や価値観を理解した上でされなければならない。患者の四つの適応様式,各々の適応を促進するために必要な介助を行うことは看護婦の役割であり,その人の健康や生活の質に貢献することができるものである。
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1996-11
Volume volume67
Start Page 134
End Page 146
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307386
Title Alternative The effective nursing educational plan for the elderly at hospital discharge. - through the questionnaires for the nurses and the elderly patients -
FullText URL 007_2_159_164.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Sato, Yoshie| Watanabe, Kumi| Kato, Kumiko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract 近年の急速な高齢化社会にともない複数の疾病や種々の障害をもちながら自宅で療養する高齢者が増加してきている。このような状況でいったん入院療養した高齢者が自宅へ帰り生活をしていくにはかなりの困難が予測される。高齢者が退院し自宅での生活にスムーズに適応できるか否かは看護婦の退院指導の良否に関わってくる。そこで指導側の看護婦の指導計画や指導方法、内容について調査すると共に受け手の患者の指導希望内容との比較を行い有効な退院指導のあり方を検討した。患者の心配事や援助や相談の希望内容と看護婦の重要とする指導内容はほぼ同様の内容であった。その内容は日常生活に関すること、病気や健康に関することが多かった。看護婦の退院指導の計画でカンファレンスをしている看護婦はしていない看護婦に比べ指導内容の経済的なこと、趣味や生きがいに関する事、生活環境、家族の協力に関することを重要とすると回答したものが有意に多かった。
Abstract Alternative The elderly with chronic disease or handicaps who receive nursing home care is currently increasing. They may have some difficulties in their daily life after hospital discharge. The proper nursing educational plan may determine their post-hospital life without anxiety. The purpose of this study is to find out the effective nursing educational plan for them. Therefore, we investigated the contents of the nursing educational plan for their hospital discharge and what elderly patients need in their post-hospital life. As a result, both contents were similar. Those were about their daily life, disease, health. And there were significantly defferences between well-discussed plan and no discussed plan in the items of economy, hobbies, purpose of life, home environment, family cooperation. Results from this study suggest that more detailed discussion among nurses at hospital discharge is necessary to determine the individual nursing educational plan of elderly patients in their post-hospital life.
Keywords 高齢者 (The elderly) 退院指導 (discharge) 自宅療養 (nursing home care) nursing educational plan
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 159
End Page 164
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313478
Title Alternative The Effect of the Shape and Size of the Frame on the Impression Given by a Painting
FullText URL hss_036_251_263.pdf
Author Kurikawa, Naoko|
Publication Title 岡山大学大学院社会文化科学研究科紀要
Published Date 2013-11-26
Volume volume36
Start Page 251
End Page 263
ISSN 1881-1671
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2013 岡山大学大学院社会文化科学研究科
File Version publisher
NAID 120005365993
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56695
FullText URL esr_025_039_048.pdf
Author Knittel, Ulrich| Walia, Monika| Suzuki, Shigeyuki| Lee, Yuan-Hsi|
Abstract The high-P/low-T Sanbagawa Metamorphic Belt that traverses SW Japan, has been subdivided into two belts thought to have been metamorphosed at ca. 120 Ma and at ca. 65 Ma (‘Sanbagawa Metamorphic Rocks’ and ‘Shimanto Metamorphic Rocks’). The subdivision was based on the assumption that metamorphism occurred at ca. 116 Ma, largely based on an early Rb-Sr isotope study and zircon data obtained for the eclogite unit of the Sanbagawa Belt, whereas in some parts of the belt detrital zircons of late Cretaceous age (90-80 Ma) were discovered. Analysis of detrital zircons sampled from two sites within the area considered to expose the older ‘Sanbagawa Metamorphic Rocks’, including the area investigated by the Rb-Sr study, reveals the presence of zircons younger than 95 Ma in all samples and some grains as young as 80 ± 4 Ma. It is therefore concluded that the Sanbagawa Belt is one single tectonic entity that formed in the Late Cretaceous though it contains older components, including fossiliferous clasts, older basic meta-volcanics and eclogite units that may record earlier metamorphic events.
Keywords U-Pb zircon dating Sanbagawa Metamorphic Belt Late Cretaceous Asemi River
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2018-12-27
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 39
End Page 48
ISSN 1340-7414
language 英語
Copyright Holders © 2018 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56694
FullText URL esr_025_031_038.pdf
Author Amano, Hideki| Suzuki, Shigeyuki| Sato, Masaru| Yanagida, Makoto|
Abstract The study area is situated in Japan Sea side margin of the Shakotan Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan, where MIS5e Terrace is preserved along the cost. Numbers of tight drilling have done to establish new method for terrace analysis. Buried wave cut terrace and sea cliff (when the MIS5e Terrace was formed) are reconstructed by distribution of the terrace deposits and these bottom of unconformity planes. The precise site and altitude of former shoreline was also obtained. Altitudes of the former shoreline from the 7 sections are almost the same 22 to 27m in height. Previous data of the height of shoreline are obtained from the topographic MIS5e Terrace surface. The altitudes have variation from 30m to 60m. It suggests that the traditional method for the MIS5e terrace analysis had some errors in the study area.
Keywords MIS5e marine terrace terrace deposits tight drilling shoreline
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2018-12-27
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 31
End Page 38
ISSN 1340-7414
language 英語
Copyright Holders © 2018 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56693
Title Alternative Development of an interdisciplinary study plan on the seasonal transition from autumn to winter around the Japan Islands (Through the lesson study at junior high school with attention to the shallow convective rainfall “Shi-gu-re” in the cold air outbreak situations in early winter)
FullText URL esr_025_019_030.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Nishikawa, Sari| Nakakura, Toshimi|
Abstract An interdisciplinary study plan on the seasonal transition from autumn to winter around the Japan Islands and the “seasonal feeling” associated with the shallow convective rainfall “Shi-gu-re” in that stage expressed in the Japanese classic poems called “Wa-ka” was developed, through a lesson study at junior high school. In that study plan, special attention was paid to the seasonal evolution of the larger-scale systems from autumn to winter, such as the Siberian air mass and the Siberian high, and the relation to the cold air intrusion into the Japan Sea and the Japan Islands. According to the analysis of the lesson practice results, students seem to understand that the winter-type weather pattern becomes dominant around November, together with the features of the intermittent rainfall in the winter-type pressure pattern called “Shi-gu-re” expressed in the “Wa-ka”. However, necessity of further improvement of the study plan was pointed out, so that the students can understand more exactly the role of the seasonal development of the Siberian high and Siberian air mass in the climate around the Japan Islands.
Keywords Interdisciplinary collaboration between climate and cultural understanding education Climate environment around Japan Transition from autumn to winter around Japan “Seasonal feeling” in early winter expressed in the Japanese classic literature ESD
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2018-12-27
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 19
End Page 30
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2018 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56692
Title Alternative Synoptic climatological analyses on the large day-to-day variation of air temperature around Germany in winter (Relating to the “seasonal feeling” in “Fasnacht”, the festival for driving the winter away)
FullText URL esr_025_007_017.pdf
Author Hamaki, Tatsuya| Kato, Kuranoshin| Otani, Kazuo| Kato, Haruko| Matsumoto, Kengo|
Abstract Synoptic climatological analyses associated with the large day-to-day variation of air temperature around Germany in winter were performed based mainly on the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data for 2000/2001 to 2010/2011 winters, with an interest in the relationship to the “seasonal feeling” in “Fasnacht”, the festival for driving the winter away. The intermittent appearance of the extremely cold days with rather large day-to-day variation in winter as pointed out by Kato et al. (2017) for around Germany was seen also to the north and to the east of Germany. According to a case study for the 2000/2001 winter, such large daily mean temperature fluctuation was closely related to the intraseasonal variation of the Icelandic low with about one month period, i.e., while the temperature around Germany was relatively higher at the eastward shift phase of the Icelandic low due to the strong warm air advection by the SW-ly wind, the temperature was extremely low there when the Icelandic low was weakened and retreated westward.
Keywords Comparative climatology Climate around Europe Synoptic climatology on daily temperature variation in winter around Germany seasonal cycle and “seasonal feeling”
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2018-12-27
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 7
End Page 17
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2018 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56691
Title Alternative Non-calcareous beachrock found in Akagurisaki, Ohi Town, Fukui Prefecture
FullText URL esr_025_001_005.pdf
Author Suzuki, Shigeyuki| Azuma, Yoichi| Deyama, Yasuyo| Yukawa, Hirokazu| Usui, Mayumi|
Abstract Beachrock which was formed about 0.5 meter higher than high tide is found in Akagurisaki, Ohi Town, Fukui Prefecture. The outcrops always get wet by spring water. The sediments are composed of well sorted rounded gravels and sands but calcareous shell is not found at all. Intergranular space is occupied by white amorphous cement. Magnesium and silicon rich composition of the cement is obtained by EPMA analysis. There is a conjecture that the magnesium rich cement was precipitated in spite of solution of calcareous shell under saturated state by spring water, because calcium has a higher tendency to ionize than magnesium.
Keywords Beachrock Akagurisaki non-calcareous cement ionization tendency
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2018-12-27
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 5
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2018 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
Author Nasu, Masako|
Publication Title Persica
Published Date 2019-03-31
Volume volume46
Start Page 43
End Page 52
ISSN 0389-7788
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Author 吉田 安曇|
Publication Title Persica
Published Date 2019-03-31
Volume volume46
Start Page 31
End Page 42
ISSN 0389-7788
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Author Wakimoto, Kyoko|
Publication Title Persica
Published Date 2019-03-31
Volume volume46
Start Page 13
End Page 29
ISSN 0389-7788
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Author 寺西 雅之|
Publication Title Persica
Published Date 2019-03-31
Volume volume46
Start Page 1
End Page 12
ISSN 0389-7788
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL kokugo_33_072_065.pdf
Author Tanaka, Norio|
Publication Title 岡山大学国語研究
Published Date 2019-03-20
Volume volume33
Start Page 72
End Page 65
ISSN 2189-5414
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL kokugo_33_041_055.pdf
Author 小山 眞子|
Publication Title 岡山大学国語研究
Published Date 2019-03-20
Volume volume33
Start Page 41
End Page 55
ISSN 2189-5414
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL kokugo_33_030_040.pdf
Author 多恵馬 里穂|
Publication Title 岡山大学国語研究
Published Date 2019-03-20
Volume volume33
Start Page 30
End Page 40
ISSN 2189-5414
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL kokugo_33_015_029.pdf
Author 小出 真規|
Publication Title 岡山大学国語研究
Published Date 2019-03-20
Volume volume33
Start Page 15
End Page 29
ISSN 2189-5414
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL kokugo_33_001_014.pdf
Author Ido, Kohei|
Publication Title 岡山大学国語研究
Published Date 2019-03-20
Volume volume33
Start Page 1
End Page 14
ISSN 2189-5414
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL 24_027_033.pdf
Author Yoshioka, Fumio|
Publication Title 岡山大学大学院社会文化科学研究科紀要
Published Date 2007-11
Volume volume24
Issue issue1
Start Page 27
End Page 33
language 英語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学大学院社会文化科学研究科
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310566