Author 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部|
Published Date 1991-03-25
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Volume volume1
Content Type Others
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11783
Title Alternative The Neurophysiological Implications of an Atypical Slow Negative Potential in Short Interval CNV Paradigm
FullText URL 001_091_097.pdf
Author Okamoto, Motoi| Temino, Masato| Nakagawa, Naohisa| Mori, Hirokazu|
Abstract We recorded a slow negative potential from Cz (10/20 method) in 49 healthy students (12 male, 37 female, mean age 19.1) by a short interstumulus interval CNV paradigm. The interstimulus interval was 2 or 3 seconds, the warning stimulus presented at random or regular interval at 0.2 Hz. An atypical negative variation with two separated negative peaks was recorded in 26.0-30.6% trials regardless of interstimulus interval or modality of warning stimulus presentation, while a typical CNV was recorded in 32.0-59.2% of trials. No apparent negative variation was recorded in 14.3-18.4% in 2 seconds interstimulus interval, and 28-38% in 3 seconds interstimulus interval, showing that 2 seconds interval is better to get stable CNV recording than 3 seconds interval. The first negative wave of the atypical negative variation was 692-799msec in duration, but frequently prolonged to 1000msec or more in 3 seconds interval. It usually had negative peak around 900-1100msec, but sometimes around 1500msec. This features are different from any reported negative components of CNV. The second negative wave began 800-1200msec before second stimulus, and had its peak just before second stimulus, showing common features with readiness potential. The appearance of CNV was unsatble in the students in which the atypical negative variation was recorded in regular, 2 seconds intersitimulus interval, and the amplitude of slow vertex response and pattern reversal visual evoked potential was lower in thses students than in the students in which a typical CNV was recorded more than 3 times in total 4 times of trials. These findings indicate that the atypical variation observed in this study is due to a lowered arousal level or cortical neuronal activity, rather than a separated appearance of different components of CNV.
Abstract Alternative CNVの記録条件を検討する目的で、健康若年成人49名(男12、女37)を対象にS(1)-S(2)+Rパラダイムを用いてCNVを記録した。S(1)-S(2)間隔2秒のほうが3秒よりも安定してCNVが記録されたが、刺激間隔とは無関係に26~30%の試行で二峰性の陰性変動をもつ非定型な緩電位が記録された。この緩電位は同一被検者でも出現性が一貫せず、個体差よりも被検者の状態に依存していた。二峰性陰性波のうち、後期成分は準備電位に対応するものと思われたが、前期成分はS(1)後900~1100msecにピークをもつ陰性波で、これまで報告されたCNVの要素波とは対応しなかった。また、この非定型CNVを示す被検者ではCNV出現が不安定で、SVRおよびパターンVEPの振幅が低い傾向があり、試行時の被検者の覚醒水準低下よるものではないかと考えられた。
Keywords contingent negative variation atypical slow negative potential arousal level slow vertex response visual evoked potential
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 91
End Page 97
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313945
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11780
FullText URL 001_083_089.pdf
Author Yamamoto Hideki| Miyake Hideaki| Takahashi Yasuji| Sumimoto Tetsuhiro|
Abstract Various flow visualization techniques were applied to study the tidal exchange of the Seto Inland Sea with the largest hydraulic model in a horizontal scale 1/2000. To analyze dyefront patterns, image processing techniques have been developed. The techniques include the extraction of the boundary of the dyefront and the flow direction through tuft images.
Abstract Alternative 近年、瀬戸内海地域では過去の産業発展や人口増加に伴って発生した水質汚濁も改善されてきており、将来に向けた海の積極的利用が模索されている。水質汚濁シミュレーションを行うために建設された瀬戸内海大型水理模型も、こうした動きの中で、人為的な流動環境操作法に基づく海の有効利用を図るための手段として活用される方向にある。このような海域流動環境の制御効果を評価するためには、物質輸送に関わる流れを的確に捉えることが必要である。最近のコンピュータや画像処理技術の発展に伴って、流れの可視化で得た画像から流れの定量的な情報を求める研究が進められている。これらの研究においては、可視化手法としてトレーサ直接注入法を用いて個々のトレーサ粒子あるいはトレーサ粒子群の移動から流速ベクトル分析が求められている。筆者らはさきに瀬戸内海大型水理模型内に放流した染料の拡がりを検出するための画像処理手法について報告した。本論文では、染料とタフトを併用した可視化手法により経時的に一定間隔で得られた一連の流れパターンから、水理模型の広島県呉湾での流速ベクトル分析を求める画像解析手法と結果について述べる。
Keywords Tuft Flow Visualization Dye Visualization Seto Inland Sea Hydraulic Model
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 83
End Page 89
ISSN 0917-4494
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313645
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11778
Title Alternative Determination of Hematinic Acid Produced by Oxidative Cleavage of Hemoglobin Heme in Red Blood Cells
FullText URL 001_077_082.pdf
Author Hirota, Kazuhiro| Sasaki, Kenji| Hirota, Takashi|
Abstract Our previous studies on the mechanism of phenylhydrazine-induced hemolytic anemia have shown that hematinic acid, one of oxidative cleavage products of heme, is formed by the reaction of hemoglobin with phenylhydrazine. Develoment of the determination of hematinic acid formed by this reaction in red blood cells (RBC) was required to study the mechanism of the hemolysis. Hemolysates prepared by lysis of fresh human RBC with water was mixed with standard hematinic acid. A solution consisting of hydrochloric acid, methanol, and acetone was added, and most of hemoglobin precipitated was removed by centrifugation. Hematinic acid was derived to the methyl ester by incubation with methanol containing sulfuric acid. The ester was passed to two type of silica gel column to remove interferences, and was analysed on a reversedphase high-performance liquid chromatographic column. Hematinic acid could be determined in the range 1.0-20.0μmol/ml RBC. Recovery from hemolysate was 65.0% ±3.5%. Standard compounds of hematinic acid and its methyl ester were prepared by the oxidation of hemin with hydrogen peroxide, and were comfirmed by elemental analyses and mass spectra.
Abstract Alternative フェニルヒドラジン惹起性溶血貧血機構の著者らの研究において、ヘモグロビンとフェニルヒドラジンとの反応でヘムの酸化的開裂物質の1つであるヘマチン酸が生成することが示された。この反応によって赤血球(RBC)中で生じたヘマチン酸を定量する方法の確立が、溶血機構研究のため必要となった。人のRBCを水で溶血し、ヘマチン酸の標品を加えた。塩酸、メタノール、アセトンの溶液え加え、ほとんどのヘモグロビンを沈殿除去した。メタノールー硫酸溶液で加熱し、ヘマチン酸をメチルエステルに誘導した。夾雑物を2種のシリカゲルカラムを通すことによって除去し、逆相カラムを用いた高速液体クロマトグラフィーで分析した。ヘマチン酸は、1.0-20.0μmol/ml RBCの範囲で定量でき、回収率は65.0 ±3.5%であった。ヘマチン酸とこのメチルエステルの標品は、ヘミンを過酸化水素酸化することによって合成し、元素分析と質量分析によって確認した。
Keywords hematinic acid high-performance liquid chromatography red blood cells heme
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 77
End Page 82
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313412
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11773
FullText URL 001_069_076.pdf
Author Sasaki Kenji| Hirota Takashi| Iwado Akimasa| Hirota Kazuhiro|
Abstract Reactions of cyclic ketones such as α-tetralone, 1,3-cyclohexanedione, or naphthalenedione with formamide or trisformylaminomethane (TFAM) have shown to form polyclic fused pyrimidines by us. Reactions of terpene ketones like l-menthone, d-camphor, l-carvone with TFAM were performed, and 8-isopropyl-5-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinazoline, borno[2,3-d] pyrimidine, and 5-isopropenyl-8-methyl-5,6-dihydroquinazoline were expectedly obtained from three terpenes. Minor products of 5-isopropenyl-8-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinazoline and 5-isopropenyl-8-methylquinazoline were formed with 5-isopropenyl-8-methyl-5,6-dihydroquinazoline by disproportionation reaction of l-carvone. Furthermore, No-formylmenthylamine, N-formylbornylamine, and N-formylcarvylamine were obtained as the Leuckart-type products terpene ketones in these reactions. The reaction of N-benzyl-4-piperidone with TFAM gave desired 6-benzyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidine. The reaction of diethyl succinylsuccinate with TFAM afforded tricyclic 4,9-dioxo-3,4,8,9-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-g]quinazoline. Above compounds were determined by the measurements of their instrumental analyses.
Abstract Alternative α-テトラロン、1,3-シクロヘキサンジオン、ナフタレンジオン等の環式ケトン類とホルムアミド或はトリスホルミルアミノメタン(TFAM)との反応により、多環式縮合ピリミジン誘導体を容易に合成できる事は既に報告した。この反応の一環として環式ケトンにl-メントン、d-カンファ、l-カルボン等の生理活性を有するテルペンケトン及びN-ベンジル-4-ピペリドンとジエチルサクシニルサクシネートを用いてTFAMとの反応を検討した。3種のテルペンケトン類からは予期した縮合ピリミジンとして8-イソプロピル-5-メチル-5,6,7,8-テトラヒドロキナゾリン(Ⅱ)、ボルノ[2,3-d]ピリミジン(Ⅴ)、及び5-イソプロペニル-8-メチル-5,6-ジヒドロキナゾリン(Ⅷ)を得た。Ⅷの分離の際にⅧの不均化合物である5-イソプロペニル-8-メチル-5,6,7,8,-テトラヒドロキナゾリン(Ⅸ)及び5-イソプロペニル-8-メチルキナゾリン(Ⅹ)の生成をGC-MS及びpmrで確認したが、それらの単離には到らなかった。又、テルペンケトン類からLeuckart型反応生成物と考えられるN-ホルミルメンチルアミン(Ⅲ)、N-ホルミルボルニルアミン(Ⅵ)及びN-ホルミルカルビルアミン(ⅩⅠ)を得た。N-ベンジル-4-ピペリドンとTFAMとの反応では、6-ベンジル-5,6,7,8-テトラヒドロピリド[4,3-d]ピリミジン(ⅩⅢ)が得られた。最後に、環式ジケトンジエステルであるジエチルサクシニルサクシネートとTFAMとの反応に於いては一挙に三環性の4,9-ジオキソー3,4,8,9-テトラヒドロピリミド[4,5-g]キナゾリン(ⅩⅤ)を得ることが出来た。得られた化合物の構造はir,mass,pmr,元素記号等で決定した。
Keywords Cyclic ketone Trisformylaminomethane Fused pyrimidine Cyclization Reductive amination
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 69
End Page 76
ISSN 0917-4494
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313993
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11771
Title Alternative Factors Affecting Home Care of Elders Report 1. Support Expected by the Elderly and Family
FullText URL 001_061_068.pdf
Author Ono, Tsuruko| Arakawa, Yasuko| Ohta, Niwa| Nanba, Jun| Ohta, Takeo| Shimizu, Masako| Ishii, Kiyoko|
Abstract For the rapid increase of the elders in population in Japan after the 2nd world war, the arrangement of medical care for aged persons, both therapeutic and preventive, has become the serious social problem. To estimate the possibility of care at home and needs of elders and their family for public and volunteer services, questionnaire survey was carried out at Konko town in Okayama prefecture, Japan, in August 1990. More than half of the 105 elders older than 65 years and living alone (group A, 9 males and 96 females) replied to want to be cared for at home and 178 families with elders (group B) wanted to care for them at home. As for services they would wish to be offered when they would become bedridden at home, while group A wished to be visited and cared for by 'physician', 'home helper' and 'neighbor' in order of high rate group B 'physician', 'public health nurse' and 'nurse'. As for facility or assistance services, the former wanted 'purchasing, sweeping and washing', food delivery' and 'calling on' and the latter 'care consultation', 'assist of body bath' and 'economic aid'. Other supports or cares were also hopefully expected by both groups. The results shows that well-arrangement and promotion of a variety of constitional and personal support for home cares for elders in the community must be urged.
Keywords Home Care Family Care the Elderly Support
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 61
End Page 68
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313467
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11769
Title Alternative The Study of Nursing Care of Dying Patients and Their Families - Ritual Behaviors and Wordings of Nurses -
FullText URL 001_051_060.pdf
Author Takata, Setuko|
Abstract The purpose of this study was to obtain the basic data for the study of "Nursing care of dying patients and their families". I investigated 59 nurses working at hospitals in Tokushima know their ritual behaviors and their wordings that nurses and their families made for dying patients at moment of their death in the hospital. The results were; 1) Typically, two ritual behaviors were reported at attending patient's death. One was "Tamayobi"; calling dying patient's name to commend his soul to God or Hotoke. Other was "Matugo no mizu", giving water to dying patient to sympathy him. Few nurses didn't know "Tamayobi". Many nurses knew "Mstugo no mizu", however, only a few nurses did it in the hospital. 2) Nurses talked with their families in many ways around their last hours. This wordings included not only to explain dying patient's care, but also to alleviat the grief of their families much more.
Keywords Tamayobi Matugo no mizu
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 51
End Page 60
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313482
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11763
Title Alternative Immunological Abnormalities of Alveolar Macrophages in Patients with Sarcoidosis
FullText URL 001_039_050.pdf
Author Nakata, Yasunari|
Abstract Bronchoalveolar lavage is an invaluable means of accurately evaluating the inflammatory and immune processes in the human lung. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder characterized by heightened immune processes at sites of disease activity. The lung is most commonly involved. Although granulomas are charactaristic pathologic features of this disease, a number of studies suggest that the initial lesion in the lung is a T-cell alveolitis (an accumulation of T-cellls in the lung). There are a lot of findings that show abnormal functions of alveolar macrophages obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage in the release of various monokines and arachidonic acid metabolites and metabolize oxygen. In this review, the abnormalities of alveolar macrophages implicated in pulmonary T-cell alveolitis and fibrosis are reviewed and their potential roles in the lungs are discussed.
Abstract Alternative 間質性肺疾患の肺病変の検討は気管支肺胞洗浄法の開発により病巣よりの免疫担当細胞を容易に得られるようになり近年急速に発展した。一方では分子生物学の進歩はこれらの細胞の産生する各種サイトカイン、代謝産物の分離と、その作用機序を明らかにした。そしてサルコイドーシスの肺病巣の免疫担当細胞においても細胞表面抗原の発現異常、外来抗原の貪食・消化の異常、サイトカインの産生・放出の異常、活性酸素の産生・放出の異常、アラキドン酸代謝の異常時、多岐にわたって多くの成績が報告されている。本論文では免疫担当細胞のうち、特に肺マイクロファージの機能異常とサ症の初期病変と考えられる肺胞へのリンパ球の異常集積、alveolitis形成および胞隔の線維化との関与について検討をおこない、本症の発症機序について考察を加えた。
Keywords sarcoidosis alveolar macrophage monokine metabolize oxygen arachidonic acid metabolite
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 39
End Page 50
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313772
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11757
Title Alternative Lipid Peroxides (TBA reactive substances)and Fatty Acid Compositions in Mouse Serum with Whole-body Irradiation and in Tumor-bearing Mouse Serum with Local Irradiation
FullText URL 001_029_037.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Goki|
Abstract Effects of irradiation on lipid peroxides of mouse serum, Ehrlich solid tumor-bearing mouse serum, which tomor cells were transplanted to the leg, and its tumor tissue were studied by a thiobarbituric acid (TBA) color reaction in the acetic acid condition with (Fe-TBA value) or without (TBA value) ferrous ammonium sulfate. TBA reactive substances were caluculated into the amount of malondialdehyde. Besides, fatty acid and lipid compositions were analyzed as a substrates. Irradiated samples were isolated at 3 days after irradiations. The TBA value of normal mouse serum was expressed 17nmoles/ml of serum, and Fe-TBA value gave 2.4-fold of the TBA value. Although an increase TBA value was not observed by whole-body irradiation, a significant increase of Fe-TBA value was measured, indicating 2.5-fold at 10Gy exposure compared with the normal Fe-TBA value, and 5.5-fold with the TBA value. The TBA value of tumor-bearing mouse serum was 14nmoles/ml as a low rate to that of normal serum, but the Fe-TBA value gave same magnification of that of normal one. The TBA value of tumor-bearing mouse serum was not changed by the local irradiation to the tumor region of leg, but the Fe-TBA value was increased 2.8 and 4.4 times at 10Gy and 20Gy exposures, respectively, comparing with the non-irradiated one, and 7.7 and 10.5 times with the TBA value, respectively. The TBA value of solid tumor homogenate exhibited 1.16nmoles/mg of protein, and the Fe-TBA value, pointed out 5 times as much as the TBA value. Both values slightly increased by the irradiation. These facts suggest that a shift of TBA value of serum hard to get, but Fe-TBA value of serum distinctly increases by the irradiation. The fatty acid composition of mouse serum lipids showed an increment of relative percentages of linoleic and arachidonic acids by the whole-body irradiation. The relative percentage of fatty acid compositon of lipids from solid tumor-bearing mouse serum was similar tendency to that of normal one, and the local exposure to the tumor part was not affected the each percentage. The percentage of high unsaturated fatty acid of tumor lipids similar to that of serum lipids, and a decrease of the percentage of arachidonic acid was accounted by the irradiation. In relative percentages of lipid compositions, the percentage of choleste rolester of serum lipids increased by the whole-body irradiation, and that of phospholipid fraction was not changed. In the case of tumor-bearing mouse serum lipids, an increment of the percentage of cholesterolester was obtained as compared with that of normal serum lipids, and this percentage decreased by the local irradiation to tumor part with an increment of the percentage of phospholipid. The percentage of phospholipid in tumor lipids had decreased by the irradiation. The facts suggest that a cause of the increased Fe-TBA value of tumor-bearing mouse serum by the irradiation to tumor is due to the release of peroxidizable phospholipid into serum from the damaged menbranes of tumor cells at large doses to exposure.
Abstract Alternative 放射線照射に伴うマウス血清、大腿に移植形成させたEhrlich固定癌担癌マウス血清並びにその固型癌部組織の過酸化脂質の変化を酢酸酸性下、チオバルビツル酸発色法(TBA値)及びニ価鉄添加発色法(Fe-TBA値)で測定し、チオバルビツル酸反応陽性物質(TBARS)としてマロンジアルデヒド(MDA)に換算し評価した。合わせて過酸化反応基質としての脂肪酸組成と脂質組成を解析した。正常マウス血清のTBA値は本条件下で17nmoles MDA/ml値が得られ、Fe-TBA値はTBA値の2.4倍が得られた。全身照射によるTBA値の増加はみられなかったが、Fe-TBA値は半致死線量以上で明らかな増加がみられ、10Gy照射群で正常血清Fe-TBA値の2.5倍、TBA値に対し5.5倍が示された。担癌マウス血清のTBA値は14nmoles/mlで若干正常値に比し低値が得られたが、Fe-TBA値正常同様の倍率2.5倍値が示された。担癌マウス血清のTBA値は癌部10、20Gy局所照射により変化はみられなかったものの、Fe-TBA値は線量依存的に著しい増加がみられ、10Gyで対照値の2.8倍、20Gyで4.4倍値、TBA値に対し各7.7倍、10.5倍が得られた。固型癌部組織のTBA値は蛋白質当り1.16nmoles/mgが測定され、Fe-TBA値はTBA値の5倍であった。癌部照射でTBA値、Fe-TBA値とも若干の増加がみられた。これらのことから放射線照射によりTBA値の変化はみられ難いがFe-TBA値は増加することが示唆される。血清脂肪酸組成比では、全身照射によりリノール酸、アラキドン酸の増加がみられた。担癌血清脂肪酸組成比は正常のそれと同様であり、局所20Gy照射で変化はみられなかった。癌部組織の脂肪酸組成比においては、高級不飽和脂肪酸比は血清のそれと大差なかったが飽和脂肪酸比の変化が得られた。局所照射によりアラキドン酸比の減少がみられた。脂質組成比では、全身照射により血清のコレステロ-ル比の増加がみられたがリン脂質比は変化がみられなかった。担癌血清では正常に比し、コレステロールエステル比の増加がみられたが、局所照射により減少し、リン脂質比の増加が得られた。癌部組織の脂質組成比では照射によりリン脂質比の減少とトリグリセリド比の増加がみられた。これらのことから癌部局所照射により脂質過酸化反応の主たる基質としての過酸化物を含む細胞膜成分リン脂質の血清への流出が示唆され、これが癌部局所照射に伴う血清Fe-TBA値増加の一原因と考えられる。
Keywords Lipid peroxides Irradiation Mouse serum Tumor-bearing mouse serum Fatty acid composition
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 29
End Page 37
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313903
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11755
Title Alternative New Stepwedge for Bootstrap Sensitometry in Medical Radiography
FullText URL 001_019_027.pdf
Author Yoshida, Akira| Kobashi, Toshimi| Ohkawa, Yoshihiro| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hiraki, Yoshio| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko|
Abstract A new stepwedge has been developed for bootstrap sensitometry, which is used for determining the characteristic curve of radiographic screen/film systems. Since each step of the stepwedge is separated by the lead septum, flare generated under one step will not penetrate the region of another step. The metal of the stepwedge can be changed with various materials. Characteristic curves obtained with new stepwedge bootstrap (NSB) and conventional stepwedge bootstrap (CSB) techniques were compared with those obtained for screen/film systems with inverse sqare sensitometry. The inverse square method was used as the reference standard for accuracy. The NSB method provided characteristic curves that agreed well with those obtained using the inverse square method. The slope of the curve in the CSB method was lower than that in the inverse square or NBS method, because of scatter radiation. The shape of the characteristic curve from the NSB method did not vary with the materials of step metals (aluminum and copper). The cumulative error involved when using the bootstrap method is also discussed.
Keywords Stepwedge Bootstrap Characteristic curves Sensitometry Radiographic screen/film systems
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 19
End Page 27
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313394
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11754
Title Alternative On Club Activity in School -Especially Those Related with the Tokubetsu Katsudo-
FullText URL 001_011_018.pdf
Author Jin, Fumio|
Abstract Judzing from this, club activities must be included not in school education but in adult education. And so club activities in school must be practiced from the point of adult education. It seems, however, that the accepter has not been prepard yet. For the reason, It is impossible to exclude club activities at once from school education. From this point, the system of life-long education must be made up promptly and club activities are preferable to be separated from school education. On both sides of school education and adult education, the administrative readjustment must be excuted first of all for the activities of school clubs being pushed forward. It seems, however, that the problems are in Shido-yoryo itself: especially how to deal with Tokubetsu-katsudo is the problem. In other words, Shido-yoryo says, "Tokubetsu-katsudo must be separated from adult education" or "It is not practiced necessarily in adult education" in one time and "It has been applied corresponding to Bukatsu instead of Kurabu" in another time. Shido-yoryo has influenced greatly on the activities in school education.
Keywords 学校教育 学習指導要領 特別活動 クラブ活動 部活
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 11
End Page 18
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313632
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11752
FullText URL 001_007_009.pdf
Author Tongu Yasumasa| Bayoumi Magdi Abdel Hamid| Saida Haruo|
Abstract マンソン住血吸虫とビルハルツ住血吸虫に混合感染し、しかも尿からマンソン住血吸虫の虫卵を検出した珍しい症例。患者は18才の男子でスーダンのハルツーム市在住。3年前に流行地で水に接する機会があった。最近、朝の最初の尿で血尿が出るようになった。また腰痛および吐気も自覚するようになった。1990年7月26日個人のクリニックで検査したところ尿の沈渣中より2種類の住血吸虫卵を検出した。スーダンでは混合感染者の3~5%に尿からマンソン住血吸虫卵が検出されるといわれているが確実な報告例はない。
Keywords Schistosoma mansoni S.haematobium schistosomiasis Sudan
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 7
End Page 9
ISSN 0917-4494
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002314060
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11750
Title Alternative Total Skin Electron Beam Therapy
FullText URL 001_001_006.pdf
Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Inamura, Keiji| Miyake, Hideaki| Tahara, Seiji| Mimura, Seiichi| Egusa, Tomomi| Mikami, Yasutaka| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract The peripherally T-cell lymphoma; Mycosis fungoides etc, has the good radiation sensitivity, and has been adapted for total skin electron beam therapy. In this study the pendular irradiation method was used for the purpose of total skin electron beam therapy in Mycosis fungoides, and physical data on the radiation field and the electron beam energy were useful clinically.
Abstract Alternative 皮膚に限局した一連の末梢型T細胞リンパ腫は放射線に対する感受性が高く、電子線治療の適応となる疾患である。こららの疾患は一般的に全身の皮膚に浸潤するため、治療に際してはTarget Volumeの深さに合わせた最小限のエネルギーで全身隈なく照射する必要がある。筆者等は最近臨床で遭遇した菌状息肉症の患者を治療するため、その患者に合った物理的なデータを測定した。照射野の拡大には振子照射法を用い、エネルギー低減方法は装置に装備されている鉛のスキャタラーを低原子番号で、しかも加工のしやすい塩化Vinyl板に交換する方法を工夫した。データとして治療効果、副作用に関係する線量率、エネルギー、及び照射野内平坦度について測定した結果、距離が長くなる関係から線量率が低下する全身照射法の欠点は解消できなかったが、エネルギー及び平坦度については使用可能なデータを得ることができた。
Keywords 電子線全身照射法 菌状息肉症 全身性皮膚疾患
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 1
End Page 6
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313887