JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31309
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tang, Wei| Miura, Takehiko| Nakata, Munehiro| Kojima, Naoya| Mizuochi, Tsuguo|
Abstract <p>The carbohydrate-binding specificities of lectins in solution to glycoproteins and neoglycolipids immobilized on a solid phase were analyzed in order to establish a simple, rapid method for structural analysis of the carbohydrate moieties of small amounts of individual glycoproteins blotted on membrane. Eight glycoproteins containing typical O-linked tetrasaccharides or a series of typical N-linked oligosaccharides of the high-man-nose type, hybrid type, and complex type and 6 neoglycoproteins containing mono- or di-saccharides were dot blotted on membranes and the membranes were then reacted with 8 kinds of horseradish peroxidase-conjugated lectins before and after heat treatment. Neoglycolipids containing the glycoprotein-derived oligosaccharides immobilized on a thin layer chromatography plate were also reacted with lectins. The heat treatment of the membrane increased lectin reactivity toward the glycoproteins. The carbohydrate-binding behavior of lectins, Phaseolus vulgaris erythroagglutinin, wheat germ agglutinin, and concanavalin A in solution toward glycoproteins and neoglycolipids immobilized on a solid phase differed from that of immobilized lectins toward oligosaccharides in solution. This difference should be noted in lectin detection of specific carbohydrates of individual glycoproteins on membrane.</p>
Keywords glycoprotein lectins lectin binding specificity neoglycolipid oligosaccharide
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1998-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume52
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 311
End Page 318
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 9876768
Web of Science KeyUT 000077707300005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31308
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Soran, Atilla| Yucel, Erdem| Ciner, Ismail| Ciner, Leyla|
Abstract <p>In this study we examined the effects of continuous calcium channel blocker (CCB) infusion on pancreatic duct-ligated acute pancreatitis (AP) in rabbits. Thirty rabbits were used for this study. Animals in group 1 (n = 10), which served as a control group, underwent dummy operations and received 0.5 microliter/h normal saline via the internal jugular vein. Animals in group 2 (n = 10) with artificially-induced pancreatitis received the same dosage of saline in the same manner. Animals in group 3 (n = 10) with artificially-induced pancreatitis received 180 micrograms/kg/h CCB (Verapamil) via the jugular vein starting from just before pancreatic duct ligation. AP histology score, plasma amylase levels and liver function tests were measured after 48 h. Verapamil infusion did not prevent the rise in plasma amylase levels, nor did it prevent pancreatic inflammation and damage. Serum levels of serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase, serum glutamate oxalacetate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase were significantly elevated in group 2 and significant reductions were seen in the Verapamil treated animals (group 3). The findings in this study imply that a continuous 180 micrograms/kg/h dose Verapamil infusion does not ameliorate the pathogenesis of pancreatitis induced by ligation of pancreatic duct but do not rule out a dose-dependent protective effect. Meanwhile, the lowering of liver function test scores should be considered the beneficial effect of CCBs, and this should be investigated in further studies.</p>
Keywords acute pancreatitis duct ligation calcium channel blocker liver function test
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1998-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume52
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 285
End Page 288
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 9876764
Web of Science KeyUT 000077707300001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31307
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Inoue, Keiji| Chikazawa, Masakazu| Karashima, Takashi| Liyama, Tatsuo| Kamada, Masayuki| Shuin, Taro| Furihata, Mutsuo| Ohtsuki, Yuji|
Abstract <p>Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and c-met proto-oncogene product (c-Met) have varied biological functions in different tissues and have been implicated in mitogenic, motogenic and morphogenic responses in both organ regeneration and carcinogenesis. Some studies have suggested that the overexpression of c-Met and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are associated with growth advantage, while transforming growth factor-beta receptor II (TGF beta R II) is associated with growth disadvantage of human prostatic adenocarcinoma. However, it is unclear if the expression of c-Met correlates with the expression of EGFR and TGF beta R II, and with the proliferative status of human prostatic adenocarcinoma. Using immunohistochemical staining with anti-c-Met (C-12), anti-EGFR (NCL-EGFR) and anti-TGF beta R II (L-21) antibodies, we determined the frequency of expression of c-MET, EGFR, and TGF beta R II respectively in a series of 134 radical prostatectomy specimens. We evaluated the relationship between the expression of these receptors and clinicopathological characteristics. Overall, c-Met immunostaining was detected in 54 of 134 (40.3%) cases, EGFR in 45 (33.6%) and TGF beta R II in 64 (48.4%). The overexpression of c-Met was significantly more common in poorly differentiated (P &#60; 0.0001) and in the diffusely infiltrated specimens (P &#60; 0.0005). In contrast, TGF beta R II was significantly overexpressed in the well differentiated specimens (P &#60; 0.0001) and associated negatively with c-Met (P &#60; 0.0001). Overall, these data suggest that c-Met/HGF receptor and TGF beta R II overexpression may be involved in the differentiation of human prostatic adenocarcinoma, c-Met with de-differentiation and TGF beta R II with differentiation.</p>
Keywords c-met proto-oncogene product epidermal growth factor receptor transforming growth factor-? recepter ? prostatic adenocarcinoma immunohisrt chemistry
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1998-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume52
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 305
End Page 310
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 9876767
Web of Science KeyUT 000077707300004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31306
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Murakami, Takuro| Murakami, Tetsuro| Yamana, Seizo|
Abstract <p>Liquid laboratory waste containing osmic acid and cacodylic acid was mixed with potter's clay or hydraulic cement. The clay-waste product was kneaded into blocks and baked in a klin (1,200-1,400 degrees C). The cement-waste product was allowed to harden into concrete blocks. Some of the baked clay blocks and concrete blocks were ground, and immersed in 1 N NaOH or 10% HCI solutions for 3-6 months. X-ray microanalysis of the dried samples of these solutions showed that no leakage of osmium and arsenic occurred in the baked clay embedding, and that some leakage of these agents occurred in the concrete embedding. The present study indicates that the baked clay embedding method is useful for safe storage of dangerous laboratory wastes. Additional experiments suggested that glass embedding is also useful for safe storage of laboratory wastes or harmful metals.</p>
Keywords laboratory waste osmic acid cacodylic acid clay-embedding cement-embedding baking
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1998-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume52
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 297
End Page 303
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 9876766
Web of Sience KeyUT 000077707300003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31305
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Inoue, Seiichi| Yamamoto, Yuji| Okamoto, Osamu| Murakami, Hiroki| Miyaishi, Satoru| Isizu, Hideo|
Abstract <p>A sensitive method of HLA-DRB1 typing was devised using a semi-nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by a restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis (semi-nested PCR-RFLP method). The first-round amplification (30 cycles) of the semi-nested PCR was performed using DRB generic primer pairs and the second round of PCRs (20 cycles) were performed using DRB1 group-specific primers. The products of the second round PCRs were digested with restriction endonucleases for the typing of HLA-DRB1 alleles. By this method, HLA-DRB1 typing was possible from 10 pg of genomic DNA extracted from lymphocytes and from 0.5 microliter of 1,000 times diluted blood without DNA extraction. HLA-DRB1 alleles could be typed from a 2-mm long bloodstained cotton thread prepared from 10 times diluted blood and from a 2-mm thread of whole blood bloodstains stored at room temperature for 2 years. From the mixture of blood of two individuals with different genotypes, DRB1 alleles of the minor component were detected down to 1/1,000 of the major component. This semi-nested PCR-RFLP method is useful for HLA-DRB1 typing from extremely small amounts of DNA and from mixed samples.</p>
Keywords polymorphism HLA-DRB1 polymerase chain reaction dsmi-nested PCR restricton fragment length polymotphism
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1998-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume52
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 289
End Page 296
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 9876765
Web of Science KeyUT 000077707300002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31304
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Gotohda, Naoto| Iwagaki, Hiromi| Itano, Satoshi| Horiki, Sadayuki| Fujiwara, Toshiya| Saito, Shinya| Hizuta, Akio| Isozaki, Hiroshi| Takakura, Norihisa| Terada, Norihiko| Tanaka, Noriaki|
Abstract <p>POSSUM, a Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity, is a scoring system which assesses perioperative surgical risks (Copeland GP et al.: Br J Surg, 1991, Vol 78, 356-360). The POSSUM scoring system consists of two categories of assessment to assess the risk of surgery. A 12-factor (age, cardiac status, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, respiratory status, Glasgow Coma Score, serum concentration of urea, potassium and sodium, hemoglobin concentration, white cell count and findings on electrocardiography) and 4-grade physiological score (PS) were developed. This was combined with a 6-factor (type of surgical procedure, number of procedures, blood loss, peritoneal soiling, presence of malignancy and mode of surgery) and 4-grade operative severity score (OSS). The present paper attempts to validate it retrospectively. Postoperative hospitalization period and duration of antibiotics administration were both significantly correlated with OSS, but not with PS. These results suggest that the POSSUM scoring system is useful for predicting the postoperative clinical course.</p>
Keywords surgical risk Physiological and Operative Severity Source for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1998-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume52
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 325
End Page 329
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 9876770
Web of Science KeyUT 000077707300007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31303
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Senda, Masuo| Harada, Yoshiaki| Takeuchi, Kazuhiro| Nakahara, Sinnosuke| Inoue, Hajime|
Abstract <p>Conservative treatment is ineffective for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the thoracic spine, and surgical treatment is indicated for most cases, while such cases are not often experienced. In the present study, the results of surgical management involving mainly posterior decompression for this disease were evaluated clinically. The study included 9 patients (1 man and 8 women) who underwent surgical treatment for OPLL of the thoracic spine between 1984 and 1993. Laminectomy was performed in 5 patients, and laminectomy plus anterior decompression of the OPLL via the posterior approach based on Otsuka's method was performed in 2 patients. In 1 patient, laminoplasty for OPLL of the cervical spine was combined with laminectomy of the symptomatic lesion in the thoracic spine. One patient underwent anterior decompression and fusion. The results were evaluated using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association score (JOA score) and recovery rate. The postoperative follow-up period ranged from 1 year to 10 years and 3 months (mean, 4 years and 6 months). The mean JOA score was 4.8 before surgery and improved to 7.6 at the final examination. This was a mean recovery rate of 50.1%. Symptoms caused by OPLL in the thoracic spine can be alleviated by posterior decompression where OPLL extends from the upper to the middle thoracic spine or extends from the middle to the lower thoracic spine. It seems, however, that OPLL localized to the middle thoracic spine requires anterior decompression.</p>
Keywords ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament thoracic spine surgical treatment
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1998-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume52
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 319
End Page 323
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 9876769
Web of Science KeyUT 000077707300006