JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48565
FullText URL 66_3_253.pdf
Author Zhang, Kai| Yamamoto, Yumiko| Suzuki, Tomonori| Yokota, Kenji| Ma, Shaobo| Nengah Dwi Fatmawati, Ni| Oguma, Keiji|
Abstract Cultured Clostridium botulinum strains produce progenitor toxins designated as 12S, 16S, and 19S toxins. The 12S toxin consists of a neurotoxin (NTX, 7S) and a non-toxic non-hemagglutinin (NTNH). The 16S and 19S toxins are formed by conjugation of the 12S toxin with hemagglutinin (HA), and the 19S toxin is a dimer of the 16S toxin. Type A cultures produce all 3 of these progenitor toxins, while type E produces only the 12S toxin. The 7S toxin is cleaved into heavy (H) and light (L) chains by a protease(s) in some strains, and the H chain has 2 domains, the N-terminus (Hn) and C-terminus (Hc). It has been reported that type A toxins bind to the intestinal cells or cultured cells via either HA or Hc. In this study, we investigated the binding of type A and E toxins to Caco-2 cells using Western blot analysis. Both the type E 7S and 12S toxins bound to the cells, with the 7S toxin binding more strongly, whereas, in the type A strain, only the 16S/19S toxins showed obvious binding. Pre-incubation of the type E 7S toxin with IgG against recombinant type E Hc significantly inhibited the 7S toxin binding, indicating that Hc might be a main binding domain of the type E toxin.
Keywords Clostridum botulinum neurotoxins Caco-2 binding Hc
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 253
End Page 261
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22729106
Web of Science KeyUT 000305669700009
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/48451