ObjectiveThe human Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 11 (ARHGEF11) gene is one of the candidate genes for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). ARHGEF11 is mapped to chromosome 1q21, which has susceptible risk loci for T2DM and schizophrenia. We hypothesized that ARHGEF11 contributes to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. MethodWe selected eight single nucleotide polymorphisms of ARHGEF11 that had significant associations with T2DM for a case-control association study of 490 patients with schizophrenia and 500 age-matched and sex-matched controls. ResultsWe did not find any differences in allelic, genotypic associations, or minor allele frequencies with schizophrenia. Analysis of the rs6427340-rs6427339 haplotype and the rs822585-rs6427340-rs6427339 haplotype combination provided significant evidence of an association with schizophrenia (global permutations p=0.00047 and 0.0032, respectively). C-C of the rs6427340-rs6427339 haplotype and A-C-C of the rs822585-rs6427340-rs6427339 haplotype carried higher risk factors for schizophrenia (permutation p=0.0010 and 0.0018, respectively). A-C-T of the rs822585-rs6427340-rs6427339 haplotype had a possible protective effect (permutation p=0.031). ConclusionThese results provide new evidence that ARHGEF11 may constitute a risk factor for schizophrenia.
type 2 diabetes mellitus
This is the accepted version of the following article: FULLCITE, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hup.2435
Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.