Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Nishida, Norikazu| Nagata, Takuya| Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi|
Published Date 2003-02-01
Publication Title 岡大三朝医療センター研究報告
Volume volume73
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14886
FullText URL 72_074_079.pdf
Author Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Nishida, Norikazu| Yokoi, Tadashi| Takata, Shingo| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 高齢者喘息の病態に対する加齢および喫煙の影響について,若干の検討を加えた。高齢者喘息,特に70才以上の喘息では,HRCT上の1950HU以下の肺のlow attenuation area(LAA)は,苦青年者喘息と比べ有意に増加していた.また,同時にこの年齢層では残気量の有意の増加,拡散能の有意の低下が見られた.% LAAと% 1秒量との間には,喘息の非喫煙例,喫煙例,肺気腫(全例喫煙例),いずれにおいても相関が見られた。しかし,% LAAと拡散能との間には,喘息の喫煙例および肺気腫では相関が見られたが,非喫煙例では有意の相関は見られなかった。これは,喫煙の拡散能におよぽす影響が大きいことを示唆しているものと考えられた。
Abstract Alternative Influences of aging and cigarette smoking on the pathophysiology in elderly patients wish asthma were examined in 152 patients with asthma and 14 patients with pulmonary emphysema. The low attenuation area (LAA) <-950 HU of the lungs on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) was significantly larger in patients over age 70 years than in those under age 49 years. A significant increase in residual volume (RV) of the lungs and significant decrease in the value of DLco were observed in these patients over age 70 compared to the values in those under age 49. A significant correlation between % LAA and % FEV1.0 was found in patients with asthma (in both smoker and nonsmoker) and with pulmonary emphysema. However, any correlation between % LAA and the value of DLco was not observed in nonsmoking patients with asthma, suggesting that the influence of smoking on DLco is remarkably larger than the influence of aging.
Keywords 高齢者喘息 (asthma in the elderly) 気腫化傾向 (emphysematous changes) HRCT 残気量 (residual volume) DLco
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 74
End Page 79
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308085
Author Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Iwagaki, Naofumi| Nagata, Takuya| Fujii, Makoto| Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Hamada, Masanori| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Published Date 2004-02-01
Publication Title 岡大三朝医療センター研究報告
Volume volume74
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19802
Title Alternative IgE-mediated reaction in non-atopic asthma
FullText URL 060_047_053.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Sudo, Michiyasu| Kitani, Hikaru| Araki, Hiroyuki|
Abstract 気管支喘息の発症にIgE抗体がどの程度関与しているのかを中心に若干の検討を加えた。1.若年発症型喘息(発症;20才以下,現年齢;30才以下)では,非難治例15例の血清IgE値は947±656IU/mℓで,HDのRASTが陽性を示した症例は12例(80%),難治例12例では血清IgE値214±102IU/mℓで,HDのRAST陽性は6例(50.0%)であった。2.一方,中高年発症型喘息(発症;40才以後)では,非難治例15例の血清IgE値は388±324IU/mℓで,HDのRAST陽性は6例(40%)であったが,難治例15例ではIgE値253±82IU/mℓで,HDのRASTは全例陰性であった。これらの結果から,いずれの群においても,IgE系反応が弱い場合に喘息が重症化しやすいことが示された。3.アトピー型,健康人,非アトピー型におけるI1gE系反応(皮内反応,血剤IgE,特異的IgE,ヒスタミン遊離)の陽性率や強度は,それぞれ異なっていたが,非アトピー型においてもIgE系反応が低下ないし抑制された状態で関与している可能性が示唆された。
Abstract Alternative IgE-mediated reaction was studied in non-atopic asthma in comparison with atopic asthma. 1. In early onset asthma patients (younger than 20 years at onset of the disease), the mean serum IgE level was 947±656IU/mℓ in non-intractable asthma cases and 214±102IU/mℓ in intractable cases. A positive RAST score to house dust was observed in 12 cases (80%) out of 15 non-intractable cases, and 6 (50%)out of 15 intractable cases. 2. In late onset asthma patients (older than 40 years at onset), the mean serum IgE level was 388±324IU/mℓ in non-intractable cases and 253±82IU/mℓ in intractable cases. There were no cases with a positive RAST score to house dust in intractable cases. These results may suggest that there is a correlation between decreased IgE-mediated reaction and a tendency to intractable asthma. 3. There were some differences in IgE mediated reaction among atopic, non-atopic asthma cases and healthy subjects, suggesting that IgE-mediated reaction may partially participate in the onset of non-atopic asthma in a suppressed condition.
Keywords アトピー型喘息 (Atopic asthma) 非アトピー型喘息 (Non-atopic asthma) 皮内反応 (Skin reaction)  血清IgE (Serum lgE) 特異的lgE (Specific lgE)
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1989-07
Volume volume60
Start Page 47
End Page 53
ISSN 09133771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309025
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15518
Title Alternative Clinical significance of spa therapy in patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma
FullText URL 065_119_127.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Takata, Ichiro|
Abstract 気管支喘息のなかでも,副腎皮質ホルモン依存性の喘息は,もっとも重症難治性であり,薬物療法のみでコントロールすることは極めて困難である。著者らの現在までの成績では,このようなステロイド依存性重症難治性喘息に対して,温泉療法は有効であった。このことは,喘息の治療,とりわけ重症難治例の治療には温泉療法が必要不可欠であることを示している。今回は,その臨床的有用性および機序について,若干の考察を加えた。1.臨床病型では,Ib型やII型に重症難治症例が多く,温泉療法はこれらの病型に対して有効であった。2.年齢別検討では,発症年齢では30才以上,また現年齢では40才以上の症例に対して温泉療法は有効であった。3.温泉療法による換気機能の改善では,小ないし細気管支領域の閉塞の改善がより高度であった。4.温泉療法により,気道過敏性が低下することが観察された。5.温泉療法により,高度に低下した副腎皮質機能の改善が見られた。5.ヨードゾル吸入,鉱泥湿布療法,温泉プール水泳ないし歩行訓練などが,喘息の治療に適した温泉療法と判断された。
Abstract Alternative It is very difficult or sometimes impossible for phisicians to control steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) without glucocorticoids because of the severity of asthma and low responsiveness to usual antiasthma drugs. Our previous studies have shown that spa therapy improves the symptoms and signs of patients with SDIA, suggesting that spa therapy is highly required for the treatment of SDIA. In this article, the effects and action mechanisms of spa therapy on SDIA were summarized according to the results previously described. 1. Spa therapy is more effective in patients with hypersecretion (type Ib) and bronchiolar obstruction (type II) than in those with simple bronchoconstriction (type Ia). 2. Spa therapy is more effective in patients with the age at onset over 30, and in those with the age over 40 years. 3. Obstructive dysfunction in small airways is more improved compared to that in medium or large airways by spa therapy for asthma patients. 4. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness of asthma patients is suppressed by spa therapy. 5. Markedly suppressed function of adrenocortical glands is improved by spa therapy. 6. Complex spa therapy including swimming training in a hot spring pool, inhalation of iodine salt solution and fango therapy is effective and clinically useful for the treatment of asthma patients.
Keywords 重症難治性喘息 (intractable asthma) 換気機能 (ventilatory function) ヨードゾル吸入 (inhalation of iodine salt solution) 鉱泥湿布療法 (fango therapy) 温泉プール水泳訓練 (swimming training in a hot spring pool)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1994-09
Volume volume65
Start Page 119
End Page 127
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307310
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19808
Title Alternative Clinical studies on serum cortisol levels in patients with intractable asthma
FullText URL 060_061_066.pdf
Author Araki, Hiroyuki| Kitani, Hikaru| Sudo, Michiyasu| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Tada, Sinya| Takahashi, Kiyoshi| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract 重症難治性喘息におけるステロイド剤の副腎皮質機能,免疫能に及ぼす影響を調べるため,喘息患者65例を過去3年間のステロイド剤使用状況により,Ⅰ群:依存性症例,Ⅱ群:時に使用する症例,Ⅲ群:非使用例の3群に分け,血清コルチゾール値,末梢血リンパ球数及び血清免疫グロブリンについて検討した。結果は,血清コルチゾール値:Ⅰ群4.0μg/dℓ,Ⅲ群11.6μg/dℓ,末梢血リンパ球数:Ⅰ群1,659/mm(3)Ⅲ群2,150/mm(3),I gG:Ⅰ群1,062mg/dℓ,Ⅲ群1.501mg/dℓ,IgA:Ⅰ群218mg/dℓ,Ⅲ群279mg/dℓ,IgM:Ⅰ群148mg/dℓ,Ⅲ群227mg/dℓとⅠ群はⅢ群に比べ有意に低い平均値を示しステロイド剤の副腎皮質機能,免疫能への抑制作用が窺われた。また末梢血リンパ球数の減少は,高齢者のステロイド依存性例に顕著であった。
Abstract Alternative In order to investigate adverse effects of steroid therapy on adrenocortical function and immune function, serum cortisol levels, peripheral lymphocytes' counts and serum immuno-globulin levels were examined in 65 asthmatic patients. The asthmatic patients were classified into 3 groups according to steroid therapy for the past 3 years ; group Ⅰ has been treated with continuous steroid therapy, group Ⅱ with occasional steroid therapy and group Ⅲ without steroid therapy. The results were as follows. 1. The mean of serum cortisol levels was lower significantly in group Ⅰ as compared with that in group Ⅲ, (groupⅠ:4.0μg/dℓ, groupⅢ:11.6μg/dℓ). 2. The average count of peripheral lymphocytes was more decreased in group Ⅰ than in group Ⅲ. The difference between the two groups was significantly, (group Ⅰ:1659/mm(3), group Ⅲ:2150/mm(3)). 3. The average levels of serum immunoglobinlins such as IgG, IgA and IgM was  significantly lower in group Ⅰ compared with that in group Ⅲ, (group Ⅰ :IgG 1062mg/dℓ, IgA 218mg/dℓ, IgM 148mg/dℓ, group Ⅲ: IgG 1501mg/dℓ, IgA 279mg/de, IgM 227mg/dℓ). The results suggested that long-tetm steroid therapy remarkably suppressed adrenocortical function and immune function in patients with asthma.
Keywords 重症難治性喘息 (Intractable asthma) 血清コルチゾール (Serum cortisol) 末梢血リンパ球 (Peripheral lymphocytes) 血清免疫グロブリン (Serum immunoglobuiin)
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1989-07
Volume volume60
Start Page 61
End Page 66
ISSN 09133771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309108
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15149
Title Alternative A case report of severe allergic reactionsinduced by black fly bites
FullText URL 065_017_021.pdf
Author Kitani, Hikaru| Takata, Ichiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 多数のブユに刺されたのを契機に重症反応を呈するようになった29歳男性例について,アレルギー学的検討を行った。血清IgE値が高値(4591U/ml)であったが,免疫グロブリン,抗核抗体,血清補体価,CD4,CD8陽性リンパ球出現頻度などいずれも正常であり,またハウスダスト,カンジダその他16種類の吸入性抗原,ミツバチ,スズメバチ,アシナガバチ,ゴキブリ,ヤブカ,ユスリカなどの昆虫抗原に対する特異的IgE抗体はいずれも陰性であった。一方ニッポンヤマブユ抗原による好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離は陰性であったが,皮膚反応,IgE抗体は陽性を示したことから,本症例における重症化因子としてIgE系反応の関与が示唆された。なおEBウイルス抗体価の検討では,EBV-EADR抗体はすべて陰性,EBNA-EIA抗体はIgG抗体のみ陽性であり,EBウイルスの既感染状態と判断されたが,病因との関連は明らかではなかった。
Abstract Alternative Allergic examinations were studied on the 29 years old male case, who suffered from severe systemic reactions by black fly bites, after the episode of much black fly bites in 1987. The level of serum IgE was high in the case, and both skin reaction and specitic IgE antibodies to whole body extract of black fly (Simulium nacojapi) were positive. The results obtained here suggest that IgE-mediated allergic reaction would play an important role in the severe systemic reactions induced by black fly bites.
Keywords 昆虫アレルギー (lnsect allergy) ブユ (Black fly) IgE系反応 (lgE-mediated reaction)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1994-09
Volume volume65
Start Page 17
End Page 21
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307240
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14840
Title Alternative Multidetector-CT findings of dissecting aortic aneurysum and coronary artery disease. Based on the case of dissecting aortic aneurysum and coronary artery disease.
FullText URL 72_055_061.pdf
Author Ashida, Kozo| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Nakai, Mutsuo| Makino, Hirofumi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 2000年になり多列検出器高速CT (Multi-detector CT,以下MDCT)が出現し,大動脈疾患や心電図同期での冠動脈狭窄病変診断への臨床応用が開始された.当院でも2001年7月からMDCTが稼動し,日常臨床診療に貢献している. 今回,解離性上行大動脈瘤(DeBakeyII)(以下DAA)と冠動脈疾患(LAD# 7の閉塞)を合併した患者を診療した.MDCTによるCT - Angiography (以下CTA)が両者の診断に非常に有用であった.患者の負担は100mlの末梢静脈内への造影剤の投与と約数十秒間の呼吸停止だけで,解離性大動脈瘤並びに冠動脈狭窄病変の診断にそれぞれ非常に有用であった.三次元診断の鮮明な画像が得られ,かつ低侵襲度のMDCT並びにCTAは,今後益々臨床の場で血管造影検査の強力なファーストチョイスの診療手段になると考える.
Abstract Alternative Multidetector-CT (MDCT) and CT-Angio hase proven to be extremely useful in diagnosis of dissecting aortic aneurysum (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) . We report a case of DM complicated with CAD which was diagnosed by new MDCT.
Keywords 解敵性大動脈瘤 (disecting aortic aneurysum) 冠動脈 (coronary artery) 狭心症 (anglna Pectoris) 多列検出器CT(マルチスライスCT) (MDCT) CT血管造影 (CT-Angiography)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 55
End Page 61
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308046
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15315
Title Alternative Effects of the spring water on the dissolution of aminophylline tablet and theophylline sustained-release preparations
FullText URL 064_060_064.pdf
Author Mimaki, Yuichi| Fujii, Yoshihiro| Furuno, Katsushi| Gomita, Yutaka| Araki, Yasunori| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 薬物のbioavailabilityに影響する因子の一つとして,製剤からの薬物の溶出速度が考えられる。今回,温泉水による薬物溶出への影響を知る目的で,気管支喘息治療薬のアミノフィリン製剤およびテオフィリン徐放製剤の溶出挙動について検討した。溶出試験は第12改正日本薬局方に従い,第1法(回転バスケット法)および第2法(パドル法)で行い,試験液を蒸留水および三朝温泉水として両者の溶出挙動を比較した。アミノフィリン製剤では,10分後まで 温泉水の方が有意に高い溶出率を示した。また,テオフィリン徐放製剤においても温泉水が8時間後まで蒸留水に比べて有意に高い溶出率を示した。以上の結果より,アミノフィリン製剤およびテオフィリン徐放製剤は温泉水により薬物の溶出が促進されることか示唆された。
Abstract Alternative The dissolutions of aminophylline tablet and theophylline sustained-release preparattions in Misasa spring water were examined using the rotating basket and paddle methods. The dissolution rate of aminophylline tablet with the spring water was higher than that with distilled water from starting to 10 min after the test. In theophylline sustained-release preparations, the spring water showed a facilitation on the dissolution rate in comparison to the distilled water for 8 hours after the test. These results indicate that the spring water enhanced the releasing rates of aminophylline tablet and theophylline sustained-release preparations.
Keywords 溶出試験 (Dissolutionte test) 温泉水 (Spring water) 気管支喘息治療薬 (Bronchial asthma therapeutic drug)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1993-06
Volume volume64
Start Page 60
End Page 64.
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307434
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15095
Title Alternative Mechanisms of pancreatic fibrosis
FullText URL 067_115_120.pdf
Author Ochi, Koji| Chowdhury, Riaz| Ichimura, Mitsuko| Matsumura, Naoki| Tanaka, Juntaro| Mizushima, Takaaki| Yamamoto, Ryoichi| Harada, Hideo| Yokota, Satoshi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 膵の線維化は慢性膵炎に特徴的な病理組織所見の一つであるが,その発生機序については不明な点か多い。慢性膵炎はいったん発症すれば,進行性かつ非可逆性であるとされるが,その非可逆性に膵の線維化が関与するとされる。膵の線維化の発生機序を明らかにし,線維化に対する根本的な治療法の確立が望まれるところである。そこで,本稿では今後の膵の線維化の研究課題を明らかにする目的で,現在までの膵臓線維化の発生機序に関する知見を整理した。
Abstract Alternative Pancreatic fibrosis is an outstanding morphological feature in chronic pancreatis although it is seen in pancreatic cancer and convalescent stage of acute pancreatitis. Progressive fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis leads to the destruction and contributes to irreversiblity of chronic pancreatitis. Exact mechanisms of pancreatic fibrosis is not yet unclear, although advances in molecular biology have revealed possible roles of cytokines and growth factors in it. We summarized our understanding of pancreatic fibrosis in the revIew.
Keywords 膵臓 (pancreas) 線維化 (fibrosis) サイトカイン (cytokine) 慢性膵炎 (chronic pancreatitis)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1996-11
Volume volume67
Start Page 115
End Page 120
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307876
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14943
Title Alternative Interferon and pancreatitis
FullText URL 070_084_087.pdf
Author Ochi, Koji| Matsumura, Naoki| Mizushima, Takaaki| Hasuoka, Hideaki| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract インターフェロンは慢性肝炎や悪性腫瘍の治療など,広く臨床の場に用いられるようになった。その副作用の一つとして,膵炎があり,その多くは急性膵炎である,慢性膵炎の報告もあり,膵炎はインターフェロンを用いる場合に知っておくべき副作用である。そこで,膵炎とインターフェロンの関係について現在までに知られている知見について概説する。
Abstract Alternative Pancreatitis is known to be one of the adverse effects of interferon, which has been widely used for treatment of chronic hepatitis and malignant diseases. In this paper, we reviewed pancreatitis as adverse effects of interferon and effect of interferon on the pancreas.
Keywords インターフェロン (interferon) 急性膵炎 (acute pancreatitis) 慢性膵炎 (chronic pancreatitis)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1999-12
Volume volume70
Start Page 84
End Page 87
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308150
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15109
Title Alternative A case of multiple pancreatic cysts with K-ras point mutation in pure pancreatic juice
FullText URL 067_121_125.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Ryoichi| Ochi, Koji| Matsumura, Naoki| Tanaka, Juntaro| Kato, Tadahiro| Mizushima, Takaaki| Chowdhury Riaz| Harada, Hideo| Hasuoka, Hideaki| Yokota, Satoshi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 膵癌の早期診断を行うために,最近の進歩の著しい遺伝子診断を用いて,膵液中のK-ras遺伝子の点突然変異の検討がなされている。われわれは膵液の細胞診は陰性であるが,K-ras遺伝子の点突然変異を認め,膵全体に多発する膵嚢胞の1例を経験した。本例は悪性であるとの確診が得られないことや切除するとなれば膵全摘となることなどのために,経過観察を行っているが,18カ月後の現在,嚢胞の増大など認めていない。膵癌の遺伝子診断の文献的考察を含め,報告する。
Abstract Alternative Pancreatic cancer is the one of the leading causes of death among cancer deaths and the early diagnosis is one of the main topics of pancreatic research. Mutation of K-ras oncogene at codon 12 has been reported in pancreatic adenoma, hyperplasia of the pancreatic duct, and also in pancreatic cancer, Recently, detection of K-ras point mutation in pure pancreatic juice is underinvestigation as a potential tool of early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer by setting a certain cut-off value. We recently experienced a case of multiple pancreatic cysts without any malignant cells in pancreatic juice, but with a positve point mutation of K-ras oncogene. Operation was deferred after obtaining informed consent from the family, because the lesions were so multiple and extensive as to require total pancreatectomy. Eighteen months follow-up studies did not reveal any deterioration in imaging tests as well as clinical picture.
Keywords 膵嚢胞 (pancreatic cyst) 膵液 (pancreatic juice) K-ras遺伝子 (K-ras oncogene) 点突然変異 (point mutation) 細胞診 (cytology)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1996-11
Volume volume67
Start Page 121
End Page 125
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307457
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14842
Title Alternative The relationship between the magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine and lowback pain
FullText URL 72_066_070.pdf
Author Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Nishida, Norikazu| Okamoto, Makoto| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Ashida, Kozo| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Niiya, Kenji| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract (目的) MRlは腰痛をきたす疾患の診断に必須な検査法である。腰痛と腰椎MRl所見との関係を明らかにすることを目的として検討した。(対象と方法)腰痛を訴えた30例を対象とし、腰椎MRl所見の頻度を調査した。全例に温泉療法を施行した。  (結果)全症例において腰椎MRl上異常所見を認めた。少なくとも1つ以上の椎間板の変性病変をもつ症例は30例中27例(90% )で、椎間板変性はL4/5levelで最も多く認められた(30例中18例)。椎間板ヘルニア を示す症例は30例中10例(33.3% )であった。神経根圧迫を持つ症例は30例中8例(26.7% )であった。腰椎圧迫骨折を持つ症例は30例中6例(20% )であった。温泉療法により腰痛が改善した症例は30例中17例(56.7% )であった。  (結論)腰痛症患者は腰椎MR止異常所見を有した。温泉療法により腰痛の改善を認めたので、MRL上で認めた形態学的異常は必ずしも機能的異常や症状に直結しないと思われた。
Abstract Alternative (Purpose) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is essential to diagnosis of diseases which happen low back pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between low back pain and the characteristics on MRI scans of the lumbar spine. (Materials and Methods) We performed MRI examinations of lumbar spine in 30 patients with low back pain and examined the prevalence of abnormal findings on MRI scans of the lumbar spine in 30 patients with low back pain. (Results) Overall in present study, all patients with low back pain had abnormalities around the lumbar spines on MRI. Disc degeneration was present in one or more lumbar levels in 27 (90% ) of all the subjects. The disc degeneration was most commonly observed at U/LS, where 18 (60% ) of all the subjects displayed evidence of disc degeneration. Disc herniation was found in 10 (33.3% ) of all the subjects. Nerve root compression at one level or more was observed in 8 (26.7% ) of the subjects. Compression fracture at one level or more was observed in 6 (20% ) of all the subjects. Spa therapy improved low back pain in 17 (56. 7% ) of the subjects. (Conclusion) All patients with low back pain had abnormalities around the lumbar spines on MRI. Because spa therapy improved low back pain, morphological abnormalities on MRI scans don't always connect with functional abnormalities and symptoms.
Keywords 腰痛症 (Disc disease) MRl (Magnetic resonance imaglng) 椎間板変性 (Lumbar spine)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 66
End Page 70
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308103
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14987
Title Alternative Clinical effect of spa therapy on lumbargo
FullText URL 068_051_058.pdf
Author Okamoto, Makoto| Ashida, Kozo| Yamamoto, Kazuhiko| Iwagaki, Naofumi| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Tada, Shinya| Harada, Mine|
Abstract 腰痛症患者12例を対象に温泉療法の臨床効果について検討した。臨床効果の判定は,日本整形外科学会の腰痛治療成績判定基準に基づき,自覚症状,他覚症状,及び日常生活動作などの項目を中心に,治療前後で比較検討した。その結果,自覚症状,日常生活動作,総計では,治療前に比べ治療後に有意の改善がみられた。また改善指数や改善率での検討でも温泉療法の有効性が示唆された。年齢別(60才以上と60才未満),入院期間(80日以上と80日未満)別の 検討では,65才未満の症例,80日以上の入院の症例において,改善指数,改善率が,有意差はみられなかったもののより高い傾向がみられた。
Abstract Alternative Clinical effect of spa therapy was evaluated in 12 patients with lumbargo by a scoring system based on the standard judgement of therapy for lumbargo by Japanese Society of Orthopedics. The score for each category of subjective symptoms, objective symptoms, daily life activity, and disorder of urinary bladder, and total score calculated from each score were compared before and after spa therapy. A significant improvement of subjective symptoms, daily life activity, and total score was observed after spa therapy. However objective symptom was not significantly improved. The effects of spa therapy was larger in patients under age of 65, and in those who had long-term spa therapy more than 80 days during their admission. The results suggest that spa therapy IS effective for patients with lumbargo.
Keywords 腰痛症 (lumbargo) 温泉療法 (spa therapy) 腰痛治療判定基準 (scoring system based on the standard judgement of therapy for lumbargo)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1997-12
Volume volume68
Start Page 51
End Page 58
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308321
Author Kimura, Ikuro| Kibata, Masayoshi| Hanzawa, Atsumasa| Moritani, Yoshiaki| Onoshi, Taisuke| Takata, Hiromi| Nishizaki, Yoshitomo| Kunimasa, Ikuya| Nishishita, Akira| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Takano, Junko|
Published Date 1970-12-30
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume82
Issue issue11-12
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15167
Title Alternative A case of rheumatoid arthritis with hypoproteinemia probably induced by diseasemodifying antirheumatic drug, D-Penicillamine
FullText URL 062_080_083.pdf
Author Kitani, Hikaru| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Okazaki, Morihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 症例は52歳女性で,慢性関節リウマチ(RA)はclassical,stageIV, class 2であった。症状は進行性で加療を行うも改善がみられなかった。平成元年11月RA症状の増悪のための再入院後,Penicillamine 100~200 mg,Sulfasalazine 500mgを合せて投与を行ったところ,血沈,CRP等の検査所見は改善傾向を示したが入院時には正常値であった血清蛋白量がその後5.1g/dlまで低下し,下肢浮腫が出現,その後さらに血清蛋白量は4.1g/dlにまで減少した。治療により蛋白量は5.8g/dlにまで回復したが,低蛋白血症の原因としてはD-Penicillamineの関与が疑われた。
Abstract Alternative A patient with classical rheumatoid arthritis was treated with D-Penicillamine and other drugs. In the course of treatment, the episodes of hypoproteinemia were found twice. The first hypoproteinemia was improved almostly by supportive therapy and withdrawl of administration of medicines, including D-Penicillamine. The second hypoproteinemia was severe and resistant to the treatment. It was suggested that the agent eliciting hypoproteinemia in this case might be D-Penicillamine.
Keywords 慢性関節リウマチ (Rheumatoid arthritis) 低蛋白血症 (Hypoproteinemia) D-ペニシラミン (D-Penicittamine) 抗リウマチ剤 (Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug)
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1991-08
Volume volume62
Start Page 80
End Page 83
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307840
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11823
Title Alternative Clinical aspects of chronic obstructive lungdisease with small airways obstruction. -Comparison between bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive bronchiol itis-
FullText URL 061_023_029.pdf
Author Sudo, Michiyasu| Mifune, Takashi| Kawauchi, Kazuhisa| Kitani, Hikaru| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 細気管支に病変を有すると考えられる気管支喘息(細気管支閉塞型(II型)のアトピー型)と慢性閉塞性細気管支炎の違いについて臨床的に検討を加えた。(1)年令ではやや慢性閉塞性細気管支炎でやや低年令,発症年令では気管支喘息でやや低年令を示したが有意な差はみられなかった。(2)アレルギー学的検討では気管支喘息は明らかに1型アレルギー反応の関与が推測されたが,一方慢性閉塞性細気管支炎では1型アレルギー反応の関与はほとんどみられなかった。(3)Bronchoaiveolar lavage fluid(BALF)中出現細胞の検討では慢性閉塞性細気管支炎において気管支喘息に比べ好中球の有意の増加が観察され,出現率が55%以上の症例ではほぼ全例が慢性閉塞性細気管支炎であった。(4)換気機能による検討では%肺活量,1秒率では差は認められなかったが,気管支喘息で%V50,%V25のような細気管支の閉塞を示すパラメーターの低下傾向がやや高度であった。(5)胸部X線では気管支喘息では,X線上明らかなび四三陰影は認められず,一方慢性閉塞性細気管支炎では過膨脹所見も,び漫性情粒状陰影ともみられる症例が多く認められた。
Abstract Alternative Subjects with bronchial asthma with bronchiolar obstruction (type II) and cases with chronic obstructive bronchiolitis (COB) were compared by clinical characteristics and ezaminations. (1) The mean age was slightly younger in cases with COB than in asthma cases. The mean age at onset was slightly younger in asthma cases than in cases with COB. (2) The cases with asthma showed positive immediate allergic reactions. However the cases with COB didnot show any positive reactions. (3) The frequency of neutro phils in BALF was significantly higher in the cases with COB than in the cases with asthma. The majority of cases with COB showed the high frequency of neutrophils more than 55% in BALF. (4) In the ventilatory function tests the values of % FVC and FEV(1.0%) were not different between the cases with asthma and the cases with COB. The values of % V(50) and % V(25) which represent small airway obstruction were slightly more decreased in cases with asthma than in the cases with COB. (5) Any abnormalities in roentgenograms of the cases with asthma were not distinctly observed, while the cases with COB showed overinflation and diffuse small round opacities.
Keywords 細気管支 (Bronchiole) 気管支喘息 (Bronchial asthma) 細気管支閉塞型 (Bronchiolar obstruction type) 慢性閉塞性細気管支炎 (Chronic obstructive bronchiolitis)
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1990-09
Volume volume61
Start Page 23
End Page 29
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313789
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14841
Title Alternative Two male steroid-dependent asthmatics treated with etidronate
FullText URL 72_062_065.pdf
Author Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Takata, Singo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Nishida, Kazunori| Ashida, Kozo| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Nakai, Mutsuo| Akiyama, Tsuneo| Hasegawa, Hisakazu| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract 男性のステロイド依存性気管支喘息患者にエチドロネートを4年間の長期間にわたり投与した経験を得たので報告する。症例は,男性のステロイド依存性気管支喘息で,エチドロネート200mg/日・14日間投与を4ケ月おきに4年間にわたり反復投与し,活性型ビタミンD製剤 (VD)投与と併用した2例と,活性型VD製剤を単独授与した2例。椎体圧迫骨折数,境骨耗骨密度,海綿骨骨密度,皮質骨骨密度について,椎体X線像,PQCT(Stratec XCT960)を用いて4ケ月毎に測定し,48ケ月後の効果を検討した。エチドロネートを投与した症例1では,総骨密度と海綿骨はやや増加を認め皮質骨密度は減少していた。エチドロネートを授与した症例2では,総骨密度,海綿骨,皮質骨密度はいずれも減少を認めたが,VD単独投与した2例よりもやや減少が抑制されていたようであった。VD単独投与した2例ではいずれの項目も減少を認めた。これらの症例からは,エチドロネートは男性のステロイドによる骨傷害にも有効と考えられたが,現在投与継続途中であり,今後さらに検討を続ける必要がある。
Abstract Alternative We report an experience about administration of etidronate to male steroid-dependent asthmatics for a long time. For 4 years, two men with steroid-dependent asthma were treated with etidronate (200 mg / day, for 14 days) every 4 months and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (VD) together, and two patients were treated with VD alone. Vertebral fractures were evaluated by the lateral spinal X-ray films, and radial total bone mineral density (BMD) , trabecular BMD and the cortical BMD were measured by pQCT (Stratec XCT960) every four months. Trabecular and total BMD increased but cortical BMD decreased in the case 1 who was treated with both etidronate and VD. In the case 2 with etidronate and VD treatments, total and trabecular BMD decreased, but reduction of these indices seemed to be more suppressed than that in two patients with VD alone. According to these experiences, etidronate may be effective against the steroid-induced bone injury in men. Since periods treatment are not en-ough long to evaluate therapeutic effect of etid-ronate, we will have to continue the examination of these cases further more from now on.
Keywords エチドロネート 男性 ステロイド 気管支喘息
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 62
End Page 65
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308188
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15336
Title Alternative Significance of spa therapy in modern medicine and its social request
FullText URL 063_110_116.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract ステロイド依存性重症難治性喘息を中心に,温泉療法の臨床効果,作用機序およびその社会的要請について総括的な検討を行った。1.重症型喘息に対する温泉療法としては,温泉プール水泳訓練,ヨードゾル吸入療法,鉱泥湿布療法などの有効性が高いため,これらの治療法を組合わせた複合温泉療法が現在行われている。そして,これらの温泉療法は,いずれも細気管支領域の病変(狭窄ないし閉塞)に対して有効であり,気管支肺胞洗浄法(BAL)により観察されるairway inflammationを有する症例が増えつつある現在,極めて有用な治療法の1つと考えられる。2.入院による温泉療法で軽快した後は,それぞれの地元で継続療法を行うことが症状の安定化のために必要である。3.重症型喘息は当院への入院例で見る限り,明らかに増加の傾向にあり,薬物療法の限界を越えたこれらの症例の治療には温泉療法が必要であり,周囲環境の変化や高齢化社会を迎えて,その社会的要請は年ごとに増加しつつあると考えられる。
Abstract Alternative Significance, clinical effects, action mechanisms and social request of spa therapy were discussed in relation to the treatment for patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) and to modern medicine. 1. Complex spa therapy comprising swimming training in a hot spring pool, inhalation with iodine salt solution and fango therapy is highly effective in patients with SDIA. The action mechanism of complex spa therapy is clearly proved to improve the narrowing and obstruction of the small airways of those with SDIA. The complex spa therapy is more required for the treatment of asthma, because number of asthma patients with airway inflammation increases in recent years. 2. After spa therapy during admission, patients should continue their maintenance therapy to keep their asthma stable. 3. The number of patients with SDIA clearly increases, and antiasthmatic drugs except corticosteroid hormone are not effective for these patients. Thus, complex spa therapy is more necessary for the therapy of these asthma patients.
Keywords 重症型喘息 (Intractable asthma) 温泉プール水泳訓練 (Swimmlng trainlng in a hot spring pool) ヨードゾル吸入療法 (Inhalation therapy with iodine salt solution) 鉱泥湿布療法 (Fango therapy) 複合温泉療法 (Complex spa therapy)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 110
End Page 116
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307632
JaLCDOI 10.18926/21133
Title Alternative Effect of Hot-Air Room Treatment on Peripheral Leucocytes in Guinea Pigs 2. Effect of 30 Min. Hot-Air Room Treatment for 22 Days on Leucocytes Count
FullText URL pitsr_052_013_022.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Tanaka, Juntaro| Komagoe, Haruki| Oda, Yasuhiro| Nishimura, Yoshiko|
Abstract Numerical changes of peripheral leucocytes after a hot-air room treatment was observed in guinea pigs during the 22 days' successive treatment. The results were as follows. 1. Number of various leucocytes was generally decreased after the hot-air room treatment, followed by recovery to the value before treatments during 22 days' observations. 2. Numbers of total leucocytes, lymphocytes and eosinophils, which were decreased after the treatment, gradually recovered to the value before treatments during the daily hot-air room treatment. On the other hand, the recovery of neutrophils or monocytes to the count before treatment was more rapidly. The value in numerical changes of neutrophils became smaller as the hot-air room treatments were performed for many days. 3. Numerical changes of basophils and Kurloff cells did not show any definite tendency after the hot-air room treatment. 4. Numbers of total leucocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes and eosinophils were increased and monocyte count was slightly decreased after the 22days hot-air room treatment. No change was observed in the counts of basophils and Kurloff cells.
Publication Title 岡山大学温泉研究所報告
Published Date 1982-03-25
Volume volume52
Start Page 13
End Page 22
ISSN 0369-7142
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310934