Author Sakata, Kenichiro| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Miyazawa, Shinichi| Okada, Yukimasa| Fujii, Masataka| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Published Date 2013-01
Publication Title International Orthopaedics
Volume volume37
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49259
FullText URL 67_1_65.pdf
Author Sakata, Kenichiro| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Abe, Nobuhiro| Miyazawa, Shinichi| Sakoma, Yoshimasa| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Bone marrow-stimulating techniques such as microfracture and subchondral drilling are valuable treatments for full-thickness cartilage defects. However, marrow stimulation-derived reparative tissues are not histologically well-documented in human osteoarthritis. We retrospectively investigated cartilage repairs after marrow stimulation for the treatment of large cartilage defects in osteoarthritic knees. Tissues were obtained from patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after arthroscopic marrow stimulation in medial compartmental osteoarthritis. Clinical findings and cartilage repair were assessed. Sections of medial femoral condyles were histologically investigated by safranin O staining and anti-type II collagen antibody. Marrow stimulation decreased the knee pain in the short term. However, varus leg alignment gradually progressed, and TKA conversions were required. The grade of cartilage repair was not improved. Marrow stimulations resulted in insufficient cartilage regeneration on medial femoral condyles. Safranin O-stained proteoglycans and type II collagen were observed in the deep zone of marrow-stimulated holes. This study demonstrated that marrow stimulation resulted in failed cartilage repair for the treatment of large cartilage defects in osteoarthritic knees. Our results suggest that arthroscopic marrow stimulation might not improve clinical symptoms for the long term in patients suffering large osteoarthritic cartilage defects.
Keywords bone marrow stimulation microfracture subchondral drilling osteoarthritis of the knee cartilage repair
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2013-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume67
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 65
End Page 74
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23439511
Web of Science KeyUT 000316829900009