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ID 19881
Eprint ID
19881
FullText URL
Title Alternative
Effect of Controlled-release Fertilizer and Root-proof Capillary Wick Addition to Root-zone on Tomato Growth and Yield
Author
Fujii, Yuki
Kinoshita, Takafumi
Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of controlled-release fertilizers and wick addition to the root-zone on plant growth and yield of medium-fruit sized tomato up to the 18(th) truss in long-term forcing culture. The set-up consisted of a box partitioned by a board into two halves, named box 1 and box 2. Box 1 contained 2.8 ℓ of growth medium (soil : bark : perlite : peat=2 : 2 : 1 : 1). Plant was grown in box 1 with a capillary wick, and at flowering of the 8(th) truss, the partition was removed and box 2 filled with 2.8 ℓ of the medium. There were two treatments, with or without capillary wick in box 2, namely, single wick (S) and double wicks (D). Plant height was greater in D than S in January, and the difference increased gradually thereafter. Flowering time of 18(th) truss in D was 10 days earlier and decapitated shoot weight was twice that of S. Fruit yield per plant was 8 kg in S and 9 kg in D with similar value of Brix and titratable acidity. There was no difference between S and D in dry root weight (7g/plant) or in xylem exudates (8ml/h), while in S in April plant growth was inferior, leaf color yellow greenish and fruit colour uneven towards the end of growth of plants. Xylem sap analysis showed that NO(3)-N was 10 me/ℓ in S and 6 me/ℓ in D. This concentration is weaker than that of Enshi standard nutrient solution generally used in hydroponics. These results suggest that application of controlled-release fertilizers and wick addition to box 2 with root-zone extended was effective for plant growth performance and fruit yield.
Abstract Alternative
中玉トマト18段摘心の長期促成栽培における肥効調節型肥料の適用と生育途中の根域拡張に伴う「紐」適用が生育と果実収量に及ぼす効果を調べた.栽培容器は可動仕切り板で2つに仕切り区画当たり容量は2.8ℓとし,第8段花房開花時に仕切り板をはずして5.6ℓ(1st Box+2nd Box)とした.試験区は2区で2nd Boxに紐を配置しない1本区と2nd Boxにもう1本を配した2本区である.2本区の草丈は1月以降,1本区に比べ高く推移し第18段花房の開花日が約10日早まり,成長の指標とした摘心時の茎頂部新鮮重も1本区の2倍となった.1株の果実収量は1本区で8kg,2本区で9kgとなり果実の糖度,酸度には両区間に差はなかった.栽培終了時の根の乾物重と茎切断面から採取した木部いっ泌液は両区間に差はなかったが,両区とも栽培終期の4月には生育が衰え葉色は黄緑色で果実の着色も不均一であった.木部いっ泌の成分分析ではNO(3)-N濃度が1本区で10me/ℓ,2本区で6me/ℓであり,これらの濃度は一般に養液栽培に使用される園試標準濃度よりも低かった.以上の結果から,第8段花房開花時に仕切りを開放し新区画への土壌と肥料ならびに紐の新たな適用は,生育安定と収量確保に効果的に作用することが明らかとなった.しかし,紐の有無にかかわらず生育後期の生育が不良となったことから,今後は施肥設計の面から,とくにNO(3)-NとSO(4)-Sの両面から検討する必要があると考察した.
Keywords
capillary watering
combination of fertilizer
medium-fruit sized tomato
sectional box
substrate volume
Published Date
2010-02-01
Publication Title
岡山大学農学部学術報告
Publication Title Alternative
Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture Okayama University
Volume
volume99
Issue
issue1
Publisher
岡山大学農学部
Publisher Alternative
Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Start Page
43
End Page
47
ISSN
0474-0254 
NCID
AN00033029
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
language
日本語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
False
Eprints Journal Name
srfa