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ID 52819
FullText URL
Author
Furuta, Michiko
Irie, Koichiro
Kojima, Azusa
Nagase, Jun
Abstract
Aim Although self-efficacy is known to affect various health-related practises, few studies have clearly examined how self-efficacy correlates with oral health behaviors or the oral health condition. We examined the relationship between gingivitis, oral health behaviors and self-efficacy in university students. Material & Methods A total of 2,111 students (1,197 males, 914 females) aged 18 and 19 years were examined. The degree of gingivitis was expressed as the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP). Additional information was collected via a questionnaire regarding oral health behaviors (daily frequency of tooth-brushing, use of dental floss and regular check-up). Self-efficacy was assessed using the Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-care (SESS). Path analysis was used to test pathways from self-efficacy to oral health behaviors and %BOP. Results In the final structural model, self-efficacies were related to each other, and they affected oral health behaviors. Good oral health behaviors reduced dental plaque and calculus, and lower levels of dental plaque and calculus resulted in lower %BOP. Conclusion Higher self-efficacy correlated with better oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students. Improving self-efficacy may be beneficial for maintaining good gingival health in university students. To prevent gingivitis, the approach of enhancing self-efficacy in university students would be useful.
Keywords
behavioral science
cross-sectional studies
gingivitis
path analysis
self-efficacy
university students
Published Date
2012-09
Publication Title
Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume
volume39
Issue
issue9
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Start Page
844
End Page
849
ISSN
0303-6979
Content Type
Journal Article
Related Url
http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/52565
language
英語
Copyright Holders
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S
File Version
author
Refereed
True
DOI
Web of Sience KeyUT