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ID 45268
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Author
Tsuchihashi, Yuuki
Mori, Shigeru
Abstract
Seasonal influenza infection is a major challenge in public health. The term "seasonal influenza" refers to the typical increase in the number of influenza patients in the winter season in temperature zones. However, it is not clear how environmental factors within a single flu season affect influenza infection in a human population. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of temperature and humidity in the 2006-7 flu season on the onset of seasonal influenza using a case-crossover study. We targeted patients who attended one pediatric clinic in Okayama city, Japan and who were diagnosed as being infected with the seasonal influenza virus. Using 2 references (time-stratified and symmetric bidirectional design), we estimated the effects of average temperature and relative humidity from the onset day (lag0) to 10 days before (lag10). The total number of subjects was 419, and their onset days ranged from 26 December 2006 to 30 April 2007. While the onset was significantly associated with lower temperature, relative humidity was not related. In particular, temperatures before the 3-day incubation period had higher-magnitude odds ratios. For example, the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for average temperature at time lag 8 was 1.12 (1.08-1.17) per 1.0℃ decrease. Low environmental temperature significantly increased the risk of seasonal influenza onset within the 2006-7 winter season.
Keywords
seasonal influenza in humans
temperature
humidity
case-crossover study
Amo Type
Original Article
Published Date
2011-04
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume65
Issue
issue2
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
97
End Page
103
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
Copyright Holders
CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT