JaLCDOI 10.18926/15293
Title Alternative Differences in interpersonal values for three cohorts of new nursing students
FullText URL 007_2_129_134.pdf
Author Kato, Kumiko| Kondo, Masuko| Tada, Masako| Nagata, Hiroshi|
Abstract 医療短大入学年(1990年,1993年,1996年)において異なるコホートをなす看護学生の対人関係価値を入学直後に自己像と理想のナース像についてKG-SIV(Kikuchi-Gordon Survey of Interpersonal Values)によって測定した。その結果,自己像評定では入学年が進むにつれて「支持」や「独立」の価値を重視する傾向が増大するのに対し,「博愛」の価値は逆に重視されない傾向が見いだされた。また,特に1996年では理想のナース像に対する要求水準が低くなることも明らかになった。この結果を看護学生の社会化過程と関連づけて考察した。
Abstract Alternative KG-SIV (Kikuchi-Gordon Survey of Interpersonal Values) was administered twice to three cohorts of new nursing students admitted to School of Health Sciences, Okayama University, respectively, in 1990, 1993, and 1996. For the first testing, they indicated the values that were important to them, while for the second they indicated those that were important to an ideal nurse they had in their mind. Analyses showed that perceived values of Support and Independence increased while those of Benevolence decreased with the admission years. They also showed a reduced level of aspiration for an ideal nurse, particularly in 1996. Findings were discussed as they were related with a socialization process that nursing students would undertake in prospective nurse training.
Keywords 対人関係価値 (interpersonal values) 看護学生 (nursing students) コホート (cohorts) 社会化 (socialization)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 129
End Page 134
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307249
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15288
Title Alternative Nursing students' images of the elderly before and after a two-week nursing practice
FullText URL 008_1_085_090.pdf
Author Watanabe, Kumi| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract 2週間の特別養護老人ホームの実習前及び実習後の学生の老人イメージを20項目の尺度を用いて調査した。その結果,以下のことが明らかになった。 1. 実習後のイメージの平均得点は,「ユーモアのない」から「ユーモアのある」へ,「生気のない」から「生気のある」へと好ましい方向へ上昇し,一方「経験に富む」,「穏やかな」,「現実的な」は好ましくない方向へ変化した。 2. 3分の1以上の学生が実習後に特にイメージが変化した項目として「ユーモアのない/ユーモアのある」の項目をあげた。 3. 老人像は全体として「暇な」,「弱い」,「孤独な」という否定的な老人イメージと「経験に富む」,「暖かい」という肯定的イメージで捉えられており,このイメージは実習前後で共通していた。実習前後では全体として老人像に大きな変化はなかったものの,実習によって,より活動的な老人イメージを抱き,より現実的に老人をとらえていることが明らかになり,A園での老人看護学実習は教育上意義のある実習であると評価した。
Abstract Alternative This study investigated how nursing students perceived the elderly living in a nursing home for the elderly. Testing was done both before and after they experienced a two-week nursing practice at the nursing home. Three findings were obtained. (1) The students regarded the elderly not only as more humorous and vital but also less experienced, peaceful, and realistic before than after experiencing the practice. (2) Over a third of the students named humorous/not humorous as an item for which they experienced a marked change in image of the elderly. (3) The students generally regarded the elderly as being experienced, warm, bored, weak, and lonely. The findings indicate that the nursing practice provided the students with an opportunity to form better and realistic images of the elderly.
Keywords 老人 (elderly) イメージ (images) 看護学生 (nursing students) 看護実習 (nursing practice) 看護教育 (nursing education)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-09-10
Volume volume8
Issue issue1
Start Page 85
End Page 90
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307362
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15273
Title Alternative The relation of Ikigai (the meaning of one's life) to one's behavioral pattern and belief, researched through the elderly persons at their discharge from hospital
FullText URL 009_1_033_039.pdf
Author Watanabe, Kumi| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Ikeda, Toshiko| Takata, Setuko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari|
Abstract 退院を控えた老人が,どの程度生きがいを持って退院していくのか,老人自身のどのような生き方が生きがいに影響しているのかについて知るため,それまでの健康状態や,生活信条,生活行動について,退院許可の出た70歳以上の患者92名を対象として,独自の調査用紙に基づき面接調査を行った。生きが いとこれまでの健康度,生活信条,生活行動の関連性を,分散分析及びt検定により解析した。生きがいの平均得点が高かった生活行動は「ボランティア」で,続いて「植物」であった。生きがいの平均得点が高かった生活信条は「その日を楽しく生きる」と回答した人が,回答しなかった人との間に有意差があり,老人の退院時の生きがいの得点が高い傾向を示すことが明らかとなった。
Abstract Alternative There have been few researches about Ikigai of the elderly at the time of leaving the hospital and about the ways of their home nursing care. The purpose of this study is to clarify the relation of Ikigai to one's behavioral pattern and belief. In three national university hospitals and a general hospital in Chugoku region and Shikoku region, ninety-two patients above the age of 70, ready to discharge, were interviewed and given a questionnaire. The questions were about their body condition, behavioral pattern, and belief, and their Ikigai. More than eighty percent of them seem to lead a life worth living at the time of leaving the hospital. The behavioral pattern scores on the "working as a volunteer" and "growing plants" are on a high level of Ikigai. The belief scores on the "enjoy every day" is also on a high level of Ikigai. In this paper the result of this interview is reported and a better nursing care for them is discussed.
Keywords 老人 (the elderly) 生きがい (Ikigai) 生活信条 (belief) 生活行動 (behavioral pattern)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1998-09-30
Volume volume9
Issue issue1
Start Page 33
End Page 39
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307183
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15262
Title Alternative Introduction of thickened food for patient with dysphagia after surgical treatment for tumor in oral cavity
FullText URL 008_2_131_136.pdf
Author Mori, Misayo| Eguchi, Tomomi| Shimizu, Yoshie| Imura, Keiko| Morimoto, Misao| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract 口腔腫瘍術後患者は,程度に差はあるが,嚥下・摂食障害をきたしやすい。その経口摂取開始初期の栄養について,患者が満足して,より快適に摂取でき,経口のみで栄養が満たされるような食事を工夫した。そのためには,食べやすさを増すためにトロメリンでとろみをつけ, また,食べ残しがないように患者の嗜好を取り入れた。そして,この嗜好を取り入れたとろみ食を, 口腔腫瘍術後患者一例に提供した。その結果, とろみ食は,食べやすく,全量摂取でき,良好な栄養状態を維持し,口内の移植皮弁へのトラブルもなく有効であるという結果が得られた。また,患者が意欲や自信を持つという精神面への効果も見られた。
Abstract Alternative Following an operation to remove a tumor in the oral cavity, a patient with dysphagia who had received IVH and intubation feeding for 21 days, was given food thickened with proceeded starch and dextrin (Tromelin). The patient acceptance was good and he could chew and swallow safely and easily than if given ordinary food. The psychological and emotional effects of such postoperational care are also discussed.
Keywords 口腔腫瘍 術後 (postoperative care) 摂食障害 (dysphagia) とろみ食 (thickened food) 栄養 (nutrition)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1998-01-31
Volume volume8
Issue issue2
Start Page 131
End Page 136
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307675
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11914
Title Alternative The ideas about nursing course of senior high school teachers.
FullText URL 005_047_052.pdf
Author Takabatake, Harumi| Maeda, Makiko| Ohta, Takeo| Kitajima, Kouichi| Kondo, Masuko|
Abstract 近年、4年制大学の増設をはじめとした看護課程における教育の変革が進められつつある。これは質の高い看護の人材を必要とする社会のニーズに応えたものである。著者らはこれらの看護課程に対する意見を、岡山県下の高校で進路指導をしている教師に尋ね、郵送による質問紙法を用いて33名の回答を得た。その結果、以下のことが分かった。1. 51.5%の教師は、看護大学が増えると進学希望者の関心は呼ぶとしており、36.4%は、学生数の一定の増加があるだろうとしている。また、36.4%は教師の立場から看護課程への進学を勧めやすくなると考えている。2. 高校の教師は看護婦不足の理由として労働条件の厳しさを指摘している。3. 高校教師は進路として看護課程を勧める理由を仕事の専門性と奉仕性を多くあげていた。これらは、高等教育化と看護職のイメージの改善の両方が必要であることを示唆している。
Abstract Alternative Currently, improvement of nursing curriculum has been done in Japan, including the establishment of a four year course at universitiy, responding to the social needs for man-power for high quality nursing. A questionnaire survey by mail was done in 1993, to get ideas about the nursing course of high school teachers giving advice to students wishing to go on to university or college. Thirty three high school teachers out of a total of 76 schools in Okayama prefecture responded. The results were as follows; 1, Seventeen teachers (51.5%) answered that the increase of a four year course at university would be an incentive to students. Twelve teachers (36.4%) said that it might increase the number of students choosing the course. And also 12 teachers (36.4%) thought that they could recommend this course to students more easily than before. 2, They pointed out the harsh working conditions as the reason for a shortage of nursing manpower. 3, Their reasons why they recommend the nursing course to students were firstly the specialty and secondly devotion to people.
Keywords 看護婦イメージ 看護教育 (Nursing education) 高校教師 (Teachers of senior high school) Nursing carriculum
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 47
End Page 52
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313898
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11912
Title Alternative Images of nurses by senior high school students wishing to go on to the nursing course
FullText URL 005_037_045.pdf
Author Maeda, Makiko| Takabatake, Harumi| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Takeo| Kitajima, Koichi|
Abstract 本研究では、看護課程志望の高校生が看護職に対してどのようなイメージを持っているのか、看護教育機関の希望や将来の看護職種の希望は看護職に対するイメージと関係があるのかを明らかにしたいと考えた。岡山県下の全ての高校に在学中の看護課程志望高校生に対して、質問紙調査をおこなった。222名から回答が得られ、分析を行った結果、以下のことが明らかになった。1)看護課程志望高校生は看護職に対して非常に良いイメージを持っており、同時に労働条件の厳しさも理解していた。その良いイメージとは、看護職の持つ尊さや献身性に由来する自負心と、資格のもつ現実的利点であった。しかし、看護職の専門性を表す、高度な知識・判断・技術、生涯教育の必要性の認識は低かった。2)短大・大学を志望する高校生は、看護学校・准看護学校志望者に比べ、看護職は生涯教育を必要とするとイメージしていた。3)看護婦、保健婦、助産婦のどの職種を希望するかによって、看護職に対するイメージに違いがあった。
Abstract Alternative A qusetionnaire survey was done by senior high school students wishing to go on to the nursing course in Okayama Prefecture, to know what images of nurses they had, what course for nursing education they wished to best for and what they would like nursing profession to be. Results of analysing data obtained from 222 students were as follows; 1. They had favorable images of nurses in high rates, although they also recognized the harsh working conditions. Those images were thought to be derived from the preciousness of nursing, devotion to people, and advantage of the license. But recognition of specialty of nursing indicated by items such as knowledge, judgement, skill and continuing education was low. 2. Necessity of continuing education was recognized by students wishing to go on to university or junior college better than students of vocational school of registered and assistant nurses. 3. Images of nurses were different by their choice of profession such as clinical nurses, public health nurses and midwives which they would like to be in the future.
Keywords 看護職に対するイメージ (images of nurses) 高校生 (senior high school students) 看護課程 (nursing course) 看護職種 (nursing profession)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 37
End Page 45
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313845
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11908
Title Alternative Probrems and needs on elderly patients after discharge from hospital - Analysis from the interview records of their patients -
FullText URL 005_023_027.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Takata, Setuko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Kojima, Mishako|
Abstract 高齢者人口の増加に伴い慢性疾患をもつ老人が増え在宅医療の必要性が叫ばれているが、一旦入院すると症状が軽快しても自宅への退院は困難とする事例が多い。そこで、高齢者の在宅医療がスムーズに行われるための退院指導のあり方、継続看護の方向性を得るために患者が自宅退院を迎える時どのような問題を持ち、どのような援助を希望しているかを質問紙を用い面接調査した。70歳以上の患者が自宅へ退院する時の心配なこと、医療従事者に相談したいことは1、健康面で病気のこと、2、日常生活面で食事のことが多かった。退院後、困る事では1、健康面の事が多く、次いで2、日常生活面、3、精神面の順であった。援助の希望では1、日常生活面が最も多く次いで2、健康面、3、精神面であった。このような心配事、ニーズが退院後どのように変化しているのか調査中である。
Abstract Alternative The population of the aged people with the chronic disease is increasing. It produces demands for the home health care. We focused on the home health care for the aged above 70 and interviewed with a questionnaire to them who were ready to discharge. We also have been investigating every three months how problems and needs were changing after discharge. In this paper, we report on results of this interview and discuss problems and needs they have to provide our better nursing care for them.
Keywords 高齢者 退院指導 在宅看護 退院時心配事 退院時ニーズ
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 23
End Page 27
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313456
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11906
Title Alternative Research of the problems on the elderly patients at discharge from the hospital concerning their health and daily life at home
FullText URL 005_017_021.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Takata, Setuko| Kondo, Masuko| Ota, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Ikeda, Toshiko| Kojima, Misako|
Abstract 高齢者の退院指導及び在宅看護の在り方を検討した研究は少ない。そこで、高齢者の自宅院時に持つ健康上及び生活上の問題を明らかにすることを目的に、面接調査を行った。対象は、中・四国の3国立大学付属病院と1総合病院で退院許可のあった70歳以上の患者78名とした。調査内容は、退院時の患者の身体状態・日常生活動作・退院時の患者の状況・家族の状況・健康に対する意識や取り組みについてとした。その結果、(1)高齢の自宅退院患者の23.1%は、身体状態上継続看護が必要であった。(2)退院患者の20.5%が、退院後生活を自立する為に介助が必要であるとしていた。(3)退院患者の57.7%は心配事を持ち、50%は相談・指導を希望していた。(4)患者の世話人の42.3%は職業を持ち、27.3%は健康を害していた。(5)退院患者の73.1%は何らかの健康管理がなされ、84.7%は生きがいを持っていた。
Abstract Alternative Now there are few researehes into the guidance which be done for the elderly patients at the time of leaving the hospital and into the ways of their home nursing care. Therefore, we did interview the elderly patients in order to make it clear what problems they have about their health and their life. In the three national university hospitals in Chugoku District and Shikoku District and one general hospial, we focussed on the 78 patients more than seventy years old who were allowed to leave the hospital. The purpose of our research is to know body condition and the situation of the patients leaving the hospital, activities of their daily life, the situation of their family and their consciousness and care about their health. After having done this research we conclude as follows, (1) 23.1 percent of all the patients need continuing nursing care from the viewpoint of their body condition after leaving the hospital. (2) 20.5 percent of all the patients need help from their family or others to support themselves at home. (3) 57.7 percent of all the patients have worries and 50 percent of them have a wish to consult with the doctors or the nurses and to be guided by them. (4) 42.3 percent of people who take care of patients have their own job and suffer from poor health. (5) 73.1 percent of all the patients who leaves the hospital were given some health care before entering the hospital and 84.7 percent of them seem to lead a life worth living.
Keywords 高齢者 (the aged people home nursing care) 継続看護 (continuing nursing care) 生活の自立 (self-support for living) 退院時指導 在宅看護 consciousness about health
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 17
End Page 21
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002314025
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11898
Title Alternative An Experiment of the discovery study system in basic nursing technique in intramural practice -Help of eating and excreting-
FullText URL 004_121_124.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ikeda, Toshiko| Tokunaga, Junko| Oi, Nobuko| Maeda, Makiko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract The content of nursing education and the effective ways of studying nursing have been investigated by teachers of nursing. Therefore, in the lesson of "Basic Nursing Technique" did we examine the educational way in which the students' will to study nursing can be heightened and the students are able to work independently and creatively. we focused on the educational way which adopted the discovery study system in the lessons of "Help of Eating" and "Help of Excreting". From the viewpoint of the students' intention to study and their work, the effect of this educational way was researched according to their self-appreciation. As a result, the following four points were made clear by the introduction of the discovery study system. (1) The students could cooperate more easily in studying nursing. (2) The students' interest in nursing was heightened more than before. (3) The students could enhance their will to study nursing and work independently. (4) The items of "Sense of Purpose" and "Ingenuity" were less evaluaoed than the other items.
Keywords 発見学習 食事の援助 排泄の援助 体験学習 教育効果
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 121
End Page 124
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313644
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11895
Title Alternative The anxiety which students have during the demonstration.
FullText URL 004_111_115.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Tokunaga, Junko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko|
Abstract We researched the anxiety which students had during the demonstration of taking blood samples. We assesed the anxiety of both the role of nurse and the role of patient. And we concluded as follows; 1 Students have this anxiety of both roles. However, the anxiety is greater when they take blood samples. 2 There is no correlation in their anxiety between the role of nurse and the role of patient. 3 The student who feels less uneasy can more effectively perform this procedure.
Keywords 看護技術 採血 実習 不安 満足度
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 111
End Page 115
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313766
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11888
Title Alternative A new scale for student nurses to rate image of the elderly
FullText URL 004_083_087.pdf
Author Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Nagata, Hiroshi| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract Our prior scale for student nurses to rate image of the elderly is inadequate both in number of items used and in exaustiveness of possible images they have. This study attempts to construct a new rating scale by decreasing the number of the previous items and by incorporrating pertinent novel items. A new scale reported here consisits of 20 items, with 15 items being determined through a factor analysisi of the previous 38 items and 5 items being selected after a survey of relevant studies.
Keywords 老人看護 学生実習 老人イメージ尺度 因子分析
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 83
End Page 87
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313451
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11851
Title Alternative Changes of Student Nurses' views and Images of the Elderly before and after Practicing at Nursing Homes
FullText URL 003_105_113.pdf
Author Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Ito, Hisae| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract A questionnaire survey was done by 76 third year-students of the nursing course before and after practicing at the two nursing homes in 1989. The same questions about their views and images of the aged person were given twice and compared. Question to image consists of 38 paired items respectively opposed to be rated on a seven-point scale. The results showed that their views and images had changed from idealistic to realistic as a result of their practices. These were some differences found in these changes by the home and the period of practice.
Keywords 老人看護 学生実習 老人観 老人イメージ
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 105
End Page 113
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313390
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11842
Title Alternative Efficacy of a check list and a video tape in learning the aseptic method
FullText URL 003_075_079.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Tokunaga, Junko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Takata, Setuko| Nanba, Jun|
Abstract Basic nursing care includes many kinds of techniques. The aseptic method is especially very important technique among them. We gave students check lists and video tapes in order to master the method by themselves and obtained following results. 1) Students can properly assess their techniques of nursing care by using a check list and watching a video. 2) Students can assess by themselves more effectively in a simple and easy action. 3) Even for a complicated action, students can make better their self-assessments by watching a video.
Keywords 自己評価 無菌操作 VTR チェックリスト
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 75
End Page 79
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313357
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11815
Title Alternative The research on the problems of health care and living of the aged (Pursuing the cases of home treatment given to the elderly patients for one year after their discharge)
FullText URL 007_2_181_188.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Ikeda, Toshiko| Watanabe, Kumi| Sato, Yoshie| Takata, Setuko| Kojima, Misako|
Abstract 退院後の生活に目を向けた適切な退院指導がなされることは、高齢患者が安心して在宅療養を送る上で、重要な意味を持つ。そこで病院から在宅療養に移行した70歳以上の高齢者の抱える問題を4回に渡って1年間調査し、これまでに退院時、3ヵ月後、6ヵ月後の調査結果を報告した。本稿では1年を通じて回答のあった53名について健康と生活上の問題の変化を分析し、考察した。在宅療養に移行した高齢者の健康状態と生活上の問題は、ほぼ一致して退院後6ヵ月から1年後までに変化を認め、特に日常生活上の問題は著しく増加した。その原因として病状の悪化との関連が考えられた。また、高齢者の問題についての意識は、研究者の専門的な問題意識に比べて低かった。従って入院中に退院後の生活を予測することには限界があり、今後は退院指導の充実と伴に在宅サービスとの連携が重要であることを認めた。
Abstract Alternative We planned to make emerge the problems felt by the elderly patients of 70 years and over given home treatment. As a means of our research, four times a year we sent a questinnaire to the aged who had been discharged. After collecting the answers of the questionnaires, we decided to focus on the 53 elderly patients who answered all four questionnaires, and then tried to make their problems emerge. The contents of the questionnaires were about their health care in a year and how their daily life changed. We can see that the condition of the elderly patients under home treatment and their living problems have changed almost without exceptions six months to a year after their discharge. Especially the number of the problems in their daily life increased remarkably. These results might be considered to be caused by the aggravation of their diseases. In addition, the elderly patients are not as conscious of their own problems as a specialist with a critical mind. Therefore, there is a limit to estimating the change in lifestyle of a discharged patient while they remain hospitalized. We consider it essential to get full discharge-care closely connected with home service for elderly patients.
Keywords 高齢者 (the aged) 在宅療養 (home treatment) 退院指導 (discharge-care) 健康問題 (health) 日常生活 (daily-life problems)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 181
End Page 188
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313372
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11811
Title Alternative The health and daily-life problem of the aged at homes for three months after discharge from the hospital
FullText URL 007_2_165_170.pdf
Author Inoshita, Hikari| Takata, Setuko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kojima, Misako|
Abstract 今後の継続看護・在宅看護を考えてゆく際の参考にするために、医療施設から自宅へ退院した高齢患者が3カ月経過後に、どのような健康上や日常生活上の問題点をもち、家庭や地域でどのような援助や支援を受けて生活しているかについて報告をする。総合病院に入院していた70歳以上の高齢者で自宅に退院する患者92名のうち、退院後3カ月経過後の時点で回答を得た70名(76.0%)について分析を行った。病状については約8割の者は特に問題を持っていない、しかし約2割の者は病状に悪化が見られた。現在困っていることは「健康上の問題」とした者は約3割であった。日常生活の自立状況では「仕事もできる」とする者が退院時の18.6%より、3カ月後は40.0%に増加しており、「生きがいがかなりある」とする者は退院時の34.3%より、3カ月後は45.7%に増加していた。しかし、回答が得られなかった22名(24.0%)の高齢者は、より重要な問題を包含している可能性があり、追跡をする必要がある。
Abstract Alternative We report that for the guidance to consider future continuing-nursing and home-nursing, the elderly patient who living in homes for three months after discharged from the hospital, have what problems in their health and daily lives and what sort of supports they are receiving in their homes and from the vicinities. Analysis was done on the health and daily-life problems of 70 elderly who responded to a survey which was mailed, three months after discharged from the hospital, among 92 elderly more than 70 years old. 80% of them had no problems in their conditions, but in 20% conditions got worse. About 30% of them complained of the problem of health with respect to independence of daily life. Patients who were able to work increased from 18.6% to 40.0%, and the ptients who felt worth living increased from 34.3% to 45.7%. 22 elderly who hadn't answer seemed to have more severe problems however, further surveys are needed.
Keywords 高齢患者 (the aged) 自宅への退院 (pations at home) 3カ月経過後の問題 (problems) 在宅看護 (home treatment) 継続看護 (continuing-nursing)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 165
End Page 170
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313404
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11810
Title Alternative The Effects of the Introduction of the Video-tape Recorder to Basic Nursing Care Education - The Use of Video-tapes taken at the Practice of Aseptic Handling Technique by Students -
FullText URL 002_089_095.pdf
Author Ohta, Niwa| Kondo, Masuko| Ikeda, Toshiko| Tokunaga, Junko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Nanba, Jun| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract The Video-tape recorder was introduced to tape the scene of a preliminary test of students' practice to aseptically handle syringes. These video-tapes taken were released to students to watch and to refer back to for their self-study. Students were consequently divided into four groups on how to utilize the video-tapes. The scores of the preliminary and final test and their differences were statistically compared by the groups. The results suggested that the use of video-tapes is effective for the achievement of skills in delicate techniques of nursing care and especially the utilization upon their own initiative leads to a more successful result.
Keywords 無菌操作 VTR 学習効果
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1992-02-05
Volume volume2
Start Page 89
End Page 95
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313319
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11809
Title Alternative The effective nursing educational plan for the elderly at hospital discharge. - through the questionnaires for the nurses and the elderly patients -
FullText URL 007_2_159_164.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Sato, Yoshie| Watanabe, Kumi| Kato, Kumiko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract 近年の急速な高齢化社会にともない複数の疾病や種々の障害をもちながら自宅で療養する高齢者が増加してきている。このような状況でいったん入院療養した高齢者が自宅へ帰り生活をしていくにはかなりの困難が予測される。高齢者が退院し自宅での生活にスムーズに適応できるか否かは看護婦の退院指導の良否に関わってくる。そこで指導側の看護婦の指導計画や指導方法、内容について調査すると共に受け手の患者の指導希望内容との比較を行い有効な退院指導のあり方を検討した。患者の心配事や援助や相談の希望内容と看護婦の重要とする指導内容はほぼ同様の内容であった。その内容は日常生活に関すること、病気や健康に関することが多かった。看護婦の退院指導の計画でカンファレンスをしている看護婦はしていない看護婦に比べ指導内容の経済的なこと、趣味や生きがいに関する事、生活環境、家族の協力に関することを重要とすると回答したものが有意に多かった。
Abstract Alternative The elderly with chronic disease or handicaps who receive nursing home care is currently increasing. They may have some difficulties in their daily life after hospital discharge. The proper nursing educational plan may determine their post-hospital life without anxiety. The purpose of this study is to find out the effective nursing educational plan for them. Therefore, we investigated the contents of the nursing educational plan for their hospital discharge and what elderly patients need in their post-hospital life. As a result, both contents were similar. Those were about their daily life, disease, health. And there were significantly defferences between well-discussed plan and no discussed plan in the items of economy, hobbies, purpose of life, home environment, family cooperation. Results from this study suggest that more detailed discussion among nurses at hospital discharge is necessary to determine the individual nursing educational plan of elderly patients in their post-hospital life.
Keywords 高齢者 (The elderly) 退院指導 (discharge) 自宅療養 (nursing home care) nursing educational plan
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 159
End Page 164
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313478
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11800
Title Alternative The Thermal Condition in the Classrooms and Students' Thermal Sensation (Report 1) - A Study done from April through July -
FullText URL 002_045_049.pdf
Author Ohta, Takeo| Kondo, Masuko|
Abstract Dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperature in classrooms at the School were measured from April through July in 1990, by means of an Assmann ventilated psychrometer. The thermal sensation of the female students was surveyed by a questinnaire at the same time. Correlation coefficients between the rates of thermal sensation and thermal indicators such as natural temperature, relative humidity, effective temperature and discomfort index were computed. And multiple regressions equations of these indications and partial corelation coefficients were also computed from the temperature and humidity. These data showed that the students' thermal sensation in this season is primarily influenced by temperature and not so much by humidity. The relation between temperature and the rate of students who feel the heat was discussed.
Keywords thermal condition thermal sensation classroom student
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1992-02-05
Volume volume2
Start Page 45
End Page 49
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313600
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11777
Title Alternative Daily physical activity in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis
FullText URL 007_1_059_066.pdf
Author Sato, Yoshie| Takahashi, Kayo| Suzuki, Hisao| Ikeda, Toshiko| Kondo, Masuko|
Abstract 腎炎患者の日常生活活動強度と持久性体力を明らかにするため、本研究を行った。被検者は20歳から61歳の腎炎患者7名である。日常生活活動強度の指標として、連続心拍計を用いて24時間心拍数を測定した。また、持久性体力を評価するため、換気性閾値(Ventilatory Threshold : VT)を測定した。各被験者のVTは、同性、同年齢の健常者の値に対する相対値(%VT)で評価した。被検者の%VTの平均は、93.4±18.6%で、健常者に比べて低下していた。24時間心拍数の平均は、82±8拍/分であった。24時間心拍数のうち、VT時の心拍数を越えるものは、多くても2%でしかなく、腎炎患者の日常生活の大部分は、有酸素運動であった。
Abstract Alternative We examined the intensity of daily physical activityand cardiorespiratory endurance in 7 patients with chronic glomerulonephritis between 20 and 61 years old. To determine the intensity of daily physical activity, the 24-hour heart rate was measured. To evaluate cardiorespiratory endurance, ventilatory threshold oxygen uptake (VT) was measured. VT of each patient was presented as the percentage of the value in sex and age-matched healthy subjects (% VT). The mean % VT was 93.4±18.6% lower than that in the healthy subjects. The mean 24-hour heart rate was 82±8 beats/min. The heart rate over the VT in 24-hour heart rate was at most 2%. In conclusion, metabolism was aerobic in the greater part of their daily lives.
Keywords 腎炎 (glomerulonephritis) 日常生活 (daily physical activity) 心拍数 (heart rate) 運動 (physical fitness) 換気性閾値 (ventilatory threshold)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-09-30
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 59
End Page 66
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313866
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11774
Title Alternative The health and daily-life problems of the elderly living in their own homes for six months after being discharged from the hospital
FullText URL 007_1_041_047.pdf
Author Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Takata, Setuko| Kojima, Mishako|
Abstract 病院を退院した高齢者の療養上の問題を把握することは、退院指導や継続看護を進める上でも重要である。著者らは退院時、退院後3か月、6か月、1年のそれぞれの時点で、在宅での看護上の問題について調査研究を行い、すでにこれらの一部は報告した。今回は退院後6ヵ月を経過した高齢者の在宅療養時の健康及び日常生活の問題について報告する。総合病院に入院していた70歳以上の高齢者で、退院時に調査を行った93名のうち、退院後6ヵ月の時点で回答を得た60名(64.5%)について分析した。調査は郵送法により、調査内容は健康状態、自立度、困っていること等で、結果は退院時の状態と比較・検討した。退院6か月後の日常生活の自立度がよい者の割合は退院時より8.4%増加し、体の調子が「良くなった」とする者は50%を越えた。しかし、困っていることとして「健康面」の問題をあげた者は23.3%と高く、退院時の2倍になっていた。また退院時の問題点の70%はなお持続しており、食事療法・移動動作・下肢痛・視聴覚障害・排泄障害・気管支炎等の順に多かった。6ヶ月後の新たな問題として注目すべきものとしては人間関係やコミュニケションの障害が認められた。
Abstract Alternative The purpose of this study is to investigate the medical care problems of the elderly living in their own homes for six months after being discharged from the hospital. Analysis was done on the health and daily-life problems of 60 elderly people who responded to a survey which was mailed. The results are as follows ; 34 persons (56.7%) answered that their health had improved compared to the time of their discharge and the health condition of 16 persons (26.7%) had improved to the point where they were able to work. Nevertheless, 14 persons (23.3%) had health problems and 4 persons had problems in their daily life, 3 persons had mental problems and 2 persons had economic problems. Some of them still had problems such as diet, disability in moving, arthralgia and low back pain.
Keywords 高齢者 (the elderly) 自宅退院 6か月後 (six months after discharge from the hospital) 健康問題 (health) 日常生活 (daily-life problems)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-09-30
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 41
End Page 47
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313479