JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56692
Title Alternative Synoptic climatological analyses on the large day-to-day variation of air temperature around Germany in winter (Relating to the “seasonal feeling” in “Fasnacht”, the festival for driving the winter away)
FullText URL esr_025_007_017.pdf
Author Hamaki, Tatsuya| Kato, Kuranoshin| Otani, Kazuo| Kato, Haruko| Matsumoto, Kengo|
Abstract Synoptic climatological analyses associated with the large day-to-day variation of air temperature around Germany in winter were performed based mainly on the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data for 2000/2001 to 2010/2011 winters, with an interest in the relationship to the “seasonal feeling” in “Fasnacht”, the festival for driving the winter away. The intermittent appearance of the extremely cold days with rather large day-to-day variation in winter as pointed out by Kato et al. (2017) for around Germany was seen also to the north and to the east of Germany. According to a case study for the 2000/2001 winter, such large daily mean temperature fluctuation was closely related to the intraseasonal variation of the Icelandic low with about one month period, i.e., while the temperature around Germany was relatively higher at the eastward shift phase of the Icelandic low due to the strong warm air advection by the SW-ly wind, the temperature was extremely low there when the Icelandic low was weakened and retreated westward.
Keywords Comparative climatology Climate around Europe Synoptic climatology on daily temperature variation in winter around Germany seasonal cycle and “seasonal feeling”
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2018-12-27
Volume volume25
Issue issue1
Start Page 7
End Page 17
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2018 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/CTED/56551
Title Alternative Interdisciplinary collaboration between climate and cultural understanding education for promoting the fundamental ESD literacy A report of the lesson practice in the university on climate and “seasonal feeling” in the northern Europe
FullText URL cted_009_183_198.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Akagi, Rikako| Otani, Kazuo|
Abstract ESD的視点を育むための学際的な指導法開発へ向けて,北欧の夏の気候と季節サイクルを中心に日々の気温の変動幅にも注目した気候背景を解析するとともに,大学での授業実践結果を分析した。北欧の冬には,平均気温だけでなく極端な低温日の気温もドイツより更に低く,極端な低温日は4月初め頃まで出現する。また,夏至〜7月一杯までが気温のピークで,その後は急降温する。授業では,絵画作品の鑑賞や,伝統的な季節の行事やくらしについての映像の視聴,伝承曲の鑑賞を行ない,夏至祭をテーマとする音楽や美術の表現活動を行った。音楽の創作活動では小物の打楽器類などを用いた。表現活動を通して,季節の特徴や移り変わり,人々の生活,気持ちなどへの自分の注目点を意識することにより,そこに住む人々の季節感と自分の感じ方とに繋がりを得る機会になったと考えられる。
Keywords 気候と芸術との連携 学際的気候教育 ESD 季節サイクルと季節感 北欧と日本との気候比較
Publication Title Bulletin of Center for Teacher Education and Development, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-03-20
Volume volume9
Start Page 183
End Page 198
ISSN 2186-1323
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/56190
Title Alternative Interdisciplinary class for high school students on the climate environment around Japan and "seasonal feeling" expressed in the school songs with attention to the asymmetric seasonal march from autumn to the next spring
FullText URL esr_024_1_005_018.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Miyake, Shoji| Mori, Taizo|
Abstract This study is a part of the activity to develop an interdisciplinary lesson plan for high school students on the climate environment around Japan and the "seasonal feeling". This time, we focused our attention to the asymmetric seasonal march from autumn to the next spring as proposed by Kato et al. (2013). Comparison of the climate between early winter and early spring was made in the class not only on that around the Japan but also on the relation to the larger-scale systems such as the Siberian air mass, including the brief data analysis. The students also compared the detailed "seasonal feeling" between the two seasons expressed in the school songs and the Japanese classic poems called "Wa-Ka". This paper reports the contents and results of this joint activity at the two high schools.
Keywords Interdisciplinary activity on climate and cultural understanding education Climate environment around Japan Seasonal cycle and "seasonal feeling" Asymmetric seasonal march from autumn to the next spring ESD
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2017-12-27
Volume volume24
Issue issue1
Start Page 5
End Page 18
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2017 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/CTED/54941
Title Alternative Development of an interdisciplinary class for university students with attention to differences of the climate and “seasonal feeling” in winter : Comparing between those around Germany and the Japan Islands
FullText URL cted_007_157_166.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Otani, Kazuo| Hamaki, Tatsuya| Haga, Yuichi|
Abstract  中高緯度における季節サイクルの多様性や日々の変動に伴う季節の中の幅にも注目して,ドイツ付近での冬の追い出しの行事「ファスナハト」を題材に学際的授業を開発し,大学での教科横断的授業の中での実践結果を検討した。授業では,「ドイツではなぜ冬を追い出さずにはいられないのか」を気候データからイメージして,それを音楽で表現する活動(ファスナハトのオリジナル作品の創作)を行なった。ドイツの冬の厳しさは,平均気温が低いだけでなく,日々の変動が大きい中での極端な低温日の頻出にも特徴づけられていた。音楽での表現活動では,気候データの把握とファスナハトの行事の映像の視聴等により,その行事の存在の意義を考えることが出来た。更に,それらを踏まえた創作と演奏により,日本と比較したドイツ付近の季節の特徴や移り変わりの何に自分が注目しているのかを学生自身が再認識して,気候やそこに住む人々の感じ方を想像する機会となった。
Abstract Alternative  An interdisciplinary class for university students on the climate in winter around Germany and the traditional event “Fasnacht” for driving winter away was developed, with attention to the variety of seasonal cycles from region to region in middle latitudes. According to the climatological analyses, the “severe winter feeling” around Germany seems to be associated greatly with the intermittent appearance of the extremely cold days as the very large day-to-day variations rather than with the mean lower temperature. In this joint activity, students firstly tried to understand or imagine why the people there can’t help driving the winter away, based on the climate data. After such consideration, each student composed a music work which expresses such “seasonal feeling” about the “Fasnacht” with use of the various small percussion instruments. The students seemed to have an opportunity for realizing the climate in foreign regions and the “seasonal feeling” there, through the composition and performance of the music works in such processes.
Keywords 地学と音楽との連携 (Joint activity of earth science with music) 学際的気候教育 (Interdisciplinary climate education) 季節サイクルと季節感 (Seasonal cycle and “seasonal feeling) ドイツと日本との気候比較 (Comparison of climate between Germany and Japan) ESD
Publication Title Bulletin of Center for Teacher Education and Development, Okayama University
Published Date 2017-03-27
Volume volume7
Start Page 157
End Page 166
ISSN 2186-1323
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2017 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version publisher
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Akagi, Rikako| Inada, Yoshihiko|
Published Date 2016-02
Publication Title Environmental Research & Control
Volume volume37
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Sato, Sari| Yamada, Yumi| Akagi, Rikako| Otani, Kazuo|
Published Date 2014-02
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume35
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Akagi, Rikako| Kato, Haruko| Otani, Kazuo| Nishimura, Nanako| Mitsuhata, Toshiki| Moriduka, Nozomi| Sato, Sari|
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume34
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Sato, Sari| Kato, Haruko| Akagi, Rikako| Sueishi, Noriko| Mori, Taizo| Irie, Izumi|
Published Date 2012-02
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume33
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/CTED/44373
Title Alternative Joint Activity of Meteorology with Music and Art through a class on the Climate System and its relation to the Variety of “Seasonal Feeling” around Japan in the Faculty of Education
FullText URL cted_001_009_027.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Akagi, Rikako|
Abstract 教育学部生を対象とする教科横断的な科目『くらしと環境』の集中講義を,「多彩な季節感を育む日本の気象・気候系の特徴を理解し,それに関連した音楽や絵画等の内容との学際的繋がりを考える」というテーマで行った。日本の気象・気候系に関して,モンスーンの影響を受けた梅雨や秋雨の降水環境を含む六季のサイクルを具体的に強調するとともに,秋から真冬,真冬から春への遷移期である11月頃や2月後半〜3月前半に,独特な特徴を示して現れる『中間の季節』の存在にも注目させた。それらを踏まえて,唱歌に歌われている内容と季節やその移り変わりに関する事象や気象・気候の特徴との関わりを考える活動を行った。特に,『おぼろ月夜』で歌われている春の情景を踏まえて,「オリジナルストーリー」を作成する活動も行った。また近世・近代の日本画に表された季節感を鑑賞する活動と,抽象画のような色彩の組み合わせによって微妙な季節感を表現する活動も行った。更に本稿では,講義や簡単なデータ分析作業,創作活動の結果について,学生のレポート課題の記載内容や作品に基づく分析も行った。
Abstract Alternative A trial of a class on the climate system and its relation to the variety of “seasonal feeling” around Japan was performed in the Faculty of Education of Okayama University, as the joint activity of meteorology with music and art. Firstly, the characteristics of the climate system around Japan with the variety of the seasonal cycle under the great influence of the Asian monsoon were presented in this class. Not only the rainy seasons called the Baiu and the Aki-Same (autumn rainfall), but also the transition stages from autumn to midwinter (around November) and that from midwinter to spring (late February to early March) were studied in detail. Next the expressions on the seasons in the Japanese school songs and pictures were examined, with attention to the variety of the seasonal cycle. The results of the class were also reported in the present paper.
Keywords 日本の気候系と季節感 (Climate System and Seasonal Feeling around Japan) 教育学部生への学際的気象教育 (Joint Meteorological Education for Bachelor Students with Music and Art) 教科横断的学習 音楽・美術と理科との連携 (Joint Activity of Science Education with Music and Art)
Publication Title 岡山大学教師教育開発センター紀要
Published Date 2011-03-10
Volume volume1
Start Page 9
End Page 27
ISSN 2186-1323
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2011 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version publisher
NAID 120002835647
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Kato, Haruko| Betchaku, Akio|
Published Date 2009-12
Publication Title 環境制御
Volume volume31
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14375
Title Alternative A Trial of Learning Singing Expression on the base of Images and Feelings - A Case Study in a Primary School -
FullText URL 007_049_059.pdf
Author Kato, Haruko| Henmi, Takanobu| Oku, Shinobu|
Abstract 歌唱表現学習では、詩や楽曲のイメージや気持ちを表現する活動が多い。学習では、イメージや気持ちを伝え合うための体験が不可欠であり、その積み重ねが豊かな歌唱表現の実現に繋がると考える。 そこで本研究では、相互のコミュニケーションの視点から歌唱表現の学習プランを提示し、授業実践を行った。授業の観察と分析を通して学習の有効性を検証した結果、以下の点が明らかになった。 ① 表現したいことを考え歌唱の工夫をすることを通して、表現する楽しさを味わうことができた。 ② 自分が表現したいものを実現するためには何が必要かを子ども自身が考えることができた。 ③ 表現の多様性に気づき、互いの表現を認め合うことができた。
Abstract Alternative In leaning singing expression, school children learn mostly how to express images and feelings of the song. In this context, it is necessary to have experiences to convey his/her images and feelings each other. Without those experiences, children cannot express their images and feelings well. In this study, a classroom teaching/learning for singing expression from a view-point of mutural communication was tried in a primary school. Though observing and analyzing this practice, the following points became clear. ① Thinking content of expression and devising singing, the children were able to appreciate joy of expression. ② The children were able to realize what was necessary to express their images and feelings. ③ The children realized a variety of expression and were able to appreciate different ways of expression by other children.
Keywords イメージ (images) 歌唱表現 (singing expression) コミュニケーション (communication) 自由な表現 (free expression) 歌唱技能の習得 (acquisition of song skills)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2007-03-10
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 49
End Page 59
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308139
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14354
Title Alternative Seasonal transition in spring in Japan and musical expression on "spring" in children's songs, school songs and artistic songs -A trial of joint activity of music with meteorogy-
FullText URL 006_039_054.pdf
Author Kato, Haruko| Kato, Kuranoshin|
Abstract 学校教育では、教科の枠組みをこえた総合的な学習が注目されている。本研究では、気象と音楽を総合させた学習について考察した。気候や風土等の自然環境はその地域の音楽文化と深い関わりをもつ。従って学校教育では、気象を視点として、気候などの自然環境と音楽作品の背景にある文化的要素を関連させた学習を行うことが可能であると考える。これまでの研究で、ドイツの春の気候と歌曲にみる春の表現の関係について明らかにしてきた。本研究では、日本の春の気候と歌の関係を取り上げて考察する。まず、日本の童謡・唱歌および芸術歌曲の中の春を歌った曲にみられる音楽表現について分析・検討を行い、次に春の表現と最も深く関係する季節進行過程について考察した。それらの考察結果をもとに、小学校と中学校における音楽と気象を総合させた学習プランを提示した。
Abstract Alternative In school education, many experiments on joint activities between the different special fields have been performed. The present study is a trial of the joint research between music and meteorology. Musical culture is reflected by the regional characteristics of natural environment such as climate. So, it is possible to carry out the practices relating the natural environment and the background of musical works to each other. We firstly investigated the musical expressions on "spring" in children's songs, school songs and artistic songs in Japan. And then, the climatological features on spring in Japan were examined with attention to the transition from March to April. Based on our examination, we proposed study plans on joint activities of music with meteorology in primary school and the lower secondary school.
Keywords 春(spring season) 気候と音楽(climate and music) 音楽表現(musical expression) 気候系の季節特性(seasonal variation of climate system) 総合的な学習(joint activity of music and meteorology)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2006-03-25
Volume volume6
Issue issue1
Start Page 39
End Page 54
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308116
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11397
Title Alternative The Music Educational Function of Lullabies for Fostering Children's Musicality
FullText URL 003_021_028.pdf
Author Kato, Haruko| Oku, Shinobu|
Abstract 本研究は、音楽感覚形成における「こもりうた」の機能について検討したものである。「こもりうた」は、人の成長の過程で最も早い時期に行われる音楽的コミュニケーション活動の一つであると共に、子どもと養育者の間に相互に行われる最も親密なコミュニケーション活動である。音楽的発達の視点からみると、このような「こもりうた」を媒介とした音楽的コミュニケーションは、個々人の音楽感覚の形成、すなわち、音楽的母語の形成に大きな影響を与えるものであるといえる。音楽の学習や理解は、その上に形成されるものである。したがって、音楽学習においては、子どものもつ固有の音楽感覚を認識すると共に、それに基づいた学習計画が作成・実践されることが必要である。
Abstract Alternative The purpose of this study is to examine the educational function of lullabies to foster musicality from a music education view-point. Lullaby is not only the first musical communication in life stage, but the most intimate musical communication between a baby and his/her care giver. Musical communication is the most important factor for musical development. Therefore, lullabies give a great influence on developing musicality and musical mother tongue which is the foundation of music learning and understanding. It is very necessary to appreciate musical mother tongue of each child, to develop child's musicality on the base of his/her mother tongue from a view-point of music education.
Keywords 音楽感覚形成 (musical development) 音楽的コミュニケーション (musical communication) 音楽的母語 (musical mother tongue) 「こもりうた」 (lullaby) 養育者と乳児の相互関係 (relationship between infant and caregiver)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2003
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 21
End Page 28
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002314048
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11386
Title Alternative Climate in spring in Germany and musical expression on "spring" in the classic and the romantic songs -A trial of joint activity of music with meteorology-
FullText URL 005_043_056.pdf
Author Kato, Haruko| Kato, Kuranoshin|
Abstract どの音楽作品にも、その背景には当該の地域の自然や文化が存在する。学校教育において、音楽の生成や表現を考え作品を総合的に理解するために、その歌が歌われた地域の気候や風土、生活習慣等の理解が必要である。それによってはじめて、その地域の人々の気持ちに近づくことができるのであり、そのような気持ちで歌を歌ったり聞いたりすることができる。そのためには教科間の連携が必要と考える。そこで本稿ではドイツの春を取り上げ、気候位置づけと古典派、ロマン派の歌曲に見られる春の表現について検討した。ドイツの5月には、太陽高度や日射量が急に増加し、冬から夏への昇温の最終段階近くに対応する。そのような春、5月をテーマとした歌曲では春に関する様々な音楽表現がみられる。その結果から、音楽表現と気候の関係を視点として音楽科と理科との連携について述べた。
Abstract Alternative Every music work is, more or less, reflected by the regional characteristics of natural environment and the culture in each region. In order to comprehend them totally with consideration of their background and expression in school education, it is firstly necessary to understand the climate, culture and life in each region where the music works express. Such approach enables us to sympathize with the feeling of the people there, and to sing and accept these songs with deeper appreciation. For that purpose, joint activity between the different special fields would be important. The present study is a trial of the joint research between music and meteorology. We firstly examined the climatological features on spring in Germany, especially for those in "May". And then, the songs on "spring" in the classic and the Romantic ages there were investigated. Around May in Germany, the solar altitude and the solar insolation rapidly increase, and the temperature in the lower troposphere has risen close to the annual maximum in late May. Analyses of the songs containing the motivation for "spring" or "May" reveal various kinds of interesting musical expressions on "spring". Finally, necessity for extension of the joint activity of music with natural sciences is addressed from a viewpoint of relationship between the music expression and the climate.
Keywords 春 (spring season) 気候と音楽 (climate and music) 歌曲表現 (musical expression of German songs) 気候系の季節特性 (seasonal variation of climate system) 教科をこえた学習 (joint activity of music and meteorology)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2005
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 43
End Page 56
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313648
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11373
Title Alternative International Understanding in School Music Education: from a Lullaby of Mother-culture to Lullabies in the World
FullText URL 002_011_020.pdf
Author Kato, Haruko| Oku, Shinobu|
Abstract 本研究は、学校教育の今日的課題の一つである国際理解を取り上げ、学校音楽教育が国際理解にどのように貢献しうるのかを検討するものである。音・歌・音楽は、グローバル教育の視点から捉えられることが必要であると考える。そのためには音楽を文化として体験し、生活における音楽の持つ意味を理解することが必要である。学習パラダイムとして、自文化の音楽を理解し、その上で異文化である諸民族の音楽を体験・理解するという段階が考えられる。そこで本研究では、①音楽科における国際理解についての認識と、これまでの教育実践について検討を行い、そこにみられる問題を指摘し、②世界のどの民族にも存在する「こもりうた」を取り上げ、文化的・音楽的特徴を明らかにした上で、それを適用した具体的な学習方法を提示した。
Abstract Alternative The purpose of this study is to examine how school music can contribute to the issue of international understandings, which is, as it has been widely recognized, one of the most crucial topics in school education. In this discussion here, the focus falls upon the significance of students' comprehension of the so-called world musics, considering, recent studies of global education. Attention is paid especially upon the importance of obtaining global understanding of music within a global context, so that school children might conceiv the depth of learning music in their daily lives. Firstly, we have generally illustrated international understandings in the field of school music teaching in the attempt to point out several problems which, we believe, should be reconsidered to improve the present situations of school music practices. Secondly, we have considered, through a case-study, some examples of lullabies in order to emphasize the signifcance of music studies for global education. For the consideration the analyses are made to discuss the matter of difference in the point of music elements to comprehend several different cultural backgounds as for the genre of a lullaby, intending, at the same time, to show a clear relationship between music, words, and, sleeping-styles, etc.. In conclusion, it is suggested we should introduce a new idea of a 'two-step learning', that is, to stimulate children to understand music of mother-culture at the first step, and then, as the second step, to lead them into the further development of their understanding, comprehensions, appreciations of music through music experiences.
Keywords 国際理解 (International Understanding) グローバル教育 (Global Education) 学校音楽教育 (School Music Education) こもりうた (Lullaby) 諸民族の音楽 (world Musics)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2002
Volume volume2
Issue issue1
Start Page 11
End Page 20
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313347
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11357
Title Alternative A Comparison between Lullabies sung among people in daily life and an Artistic Composition "Chugoku-chiho no Komoriuta" arranged by YAMADA Kosaku
FullText URL 004_035_042.pdf
Author Kato, Haruko| Oku, Shinobu|
Abstract 芸術歌曲には、洋の東西を問わず生活の中で古くから歌われてきた旋律に基づく曲が多い。学校音楽教育においてそのような曲を学習する際には、芸術的視点からの表現や鑑賞だけでなく、そのもとになった旋律(以下、元歌)との関係で捉える学習も重要であると考える。そこで本研究では、山田耕筰編作曲「中国地方の子守歌」とその元歌を事例として、芸術歌曲の「こもりうた」と生活の中で歌われてきた「こもりうた」の関係について考察した。その結果、旋律に関しては元歌と山田の編作曲では大きな違いは見られないものの、音楽構造上の大きな相違点が、歌に関する音楽表現の工夫(音域、音質、強弱法、リズム操作、音高操作、テンポ操作)とピアノ伴奏の付加の2点で存在することが明らかになった。
Abstract Alternative The purpose of this study is to make clear the differences between the lullabies as an artistic composition and lullabies sung among peoples in daily life. The analysis was done from a viewpoint of the music education. As a case study, Icompare "Chugoku-Chiho no Komoriuta" arranged by YAMADA Kosaku with its origin. The traditional variants of the origin have been sung among people living around Ibara-City, in Yakage-Town in Oda Country in Okayama-Prefecture, and the Geiyo Islands in the Seto-naikai. These lullabies are more or less different from each other in their texts and melodies. It is told that Yamada had listened to a lullaby of Ibara-City sung by UENO Taishi. Therefore, I compare the lullaby sung by Ms. OKADA Taeko who is one of his relatives and the transmitter of the lullaby with Yamada's composition. Result of analysis of lullabies are summarized as follows;1) the melodic lines of two lullabies are almost same, but several differences are found in detail, for example, voice range, timbre, dynamics, addition of piano accompaniment, rhythmic treatment, melodic line, and tempo.2) The original lullaby has a role to put down or lull a baby, while, Yamada's one has not the same role as the origin does. 3) The purpose of arrangement was to express the feeling of lullaby musically. It does not need any existences of children. The differences of these functions influence to their musical elements.Nowadays, many arrangements have been done as Yamada did. Making efforts to arrange lullabies, a lullaby may develop in other way from a song for babies care, and lose its original function.
Keywords 「こもりうた」 生活の中で歌われてきた旋律 芸術歌曲 音楽表現 「中国地方の子守歌」
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2004
Volume volume4
Issue issue1
Start Page 35
End Page 42
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313984