Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

有機燐剤中毒に関する研究 第2編 Pyridine-2-aldoxime methiodideの各種有機燐剤中毒に対する効果

Uématsu, Yoshinori
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The author studied the effect of pyridine-2-aldoxime methiodide (PAM) on various alkylphosphate poisoning from the standpoints of (1) its effect on LD(50) in mice; (2) on the recovery of blood cholinesterase (ChE) in rabbits; and (3) on human cases. 1. The effectiveness of PAM against Ethyl- and Methyl- parathion was already established in human by Hiraki et al. The auther carried on animal experiments and ascertained the effectiveness. 2. In the cases of EPN and Diazinon poisoning PAM proves to be effective both in human and animals. 3. As for TEPP, Pestox-3, Malathon, Dipterex, and DFP, it was impossible to encounter human cases, but in animal experiments with these alkylphospnates PAM seems to be also effective. Therefore, PAM is to be applied for these alkylphosphate poisoning in human.