Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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頑痛の発生および抑制に関する基礎的・臨床的研究 第2編 頑痛患者に於ける髄液中 β-endorphin および monoamine 代謝産物―中枢神経系の電気刺激前後に於ける濃度変動について―

Fujiwara, Noriaki
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Abstract
The concentration of β-endorphin-immunoreactivity (β-END-IR) and monoamine metabolites which are 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenylglycol (MHPG), homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with intractable pain to estimate the participation of these substances in the mechanism of intractable pain. The amount of β-END-IR and monoamine metabolites was measured with radioimmunoas-say and HPLC (hight performance liquid chromatography), respectively. Eight cases of intractable pain were treated with impantation of the stimulating electrode for pain relief. This treatment was performed in 2 ways, deep brain stimulation (DBS) done on 6 cases and spinal dorsal column stimualtion (DCS) on 2 cases. The concentrations of β-END-IR and monoamine metabolites were also estimated before and after the stimulation. No patient treated with DBS showed the elevation of β-END-IR or monoamine metabolites after the stimulation, except for one patient who showed significant increase of monoamine metabolites accompanying excellent pain relief by the stimulation. On the other hand, the two patients treated with DCS indicated significant elevation of β-END-IR as well as monoamine metabolites. Thus, both β-END and monoamines could play as important role DCS, and that monoamine could be involved in DBS for pain relief.
Keywords
β-endorphin
monoamine
pain
CSF
stimulation of CNS
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489