Turkey has been undergoing very important economic and social changes since several decades such as economic growth, privatization of state enterprises, liberalization, and integration with the EU, and legislative reforms. All sectors in Turkey and production levels are affected by these changes during the years. Crop production in agriculture is one of the most affected sectors. Many policies by governmental/nongovernmental organizations have been applied and supported for the development of the sector such as modernization, mechanization, irrigation, road constructions, potable water, financial supports, agricultural insurance, and technical supports. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to look back and analyze the trend of agricultural changes, land use and related production levels in Turkey.