Bulletin of Graduate School of Education, Okayama University
Published by Graduate School of Education, Okayama University

<Formerly known as>
岡山大学教育学部研究集録 (1号-137号)

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問題行動を示した生徒に対する学校生活場面における非随伴性強化を中心とした指導パッケージの適用

Okada, Shingo
Abstract
This study evaluate the effects of an intervention package, including non-contingent reinforcement(NCR), to reduce severe problem behaviors of a student with autism and mental retardation in the daily program of a special needs school. Prioritizing the practicality of assessment and intervention procedures, we relied on interview and direct observation to identify the function of the problem behaviors and selected a maintained reinforcer that was easily delivered among alternatives. In Intervention 1, NCR was provided, with extinction (EXT) and contingent response to communicative behaviors(CR). In Intervention 2, visual schedule and peer mediated strategy, in addition to NCR, EXT, and CR, were introduced. Reduction of the problem behaviors occured following Intervention 1, and more substantial occurred following Intervention 2. Additionally, increases in class participation were noticeable after Intervention 2. Additionally, increases in class participation were noticeable after Intervention 2 was implemented. On the basis of these results, we discussed practical ways of implementing NCR interventions in school settings where controlling environments is typically difficult.
Keywords
functional behavioral assessment
non-contingent reinforcement
problem behavior
mental retardation
autism
ISSN
0471-4008
NCID
AN00032875