Bulletin of Graduate School of Education, Okayama University
Published by Graduate School of Education, Okayama University

<Formerly known as>
岡山大学教育学部研究集録 (1号-137号)

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A Comparison of Special Education Systems in Japan and Peru

Chumioque, Cecilia
The differences and similarities between the Japanese and Peruvian Special Education practice,considering aspects like,educational approaches used,communication strategies to deal with non-verbal students and the education system in general,were explored. Teachers of intellectual disabled children in Japan (30) and Peru (30) were the participants who completed a questionnaire developed by the researcher to determine the different ways of teaching in both countries. Results indicate important differences in the practice of special education between the groups,but some coincidences in the limitations teachers have in this field. The importance of inclusion doctrine in both countries and the role it plays in thespecial education system was found to be considerable. Implications include the need of an individualized education for students with special educational needs.
educational approaches
applied behavior analysis (ABA)
picture exchange communication system (PECS)