Acta Medica Okayama volume74 issue1
2020-02 発行

Examination of the Causality Relationship between Psychological Distress and Social Participation in Elderly People: A Pilot Study

Owari, Yutaka Shikoku Medical College
Miyatake, Nobuyuki Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University
Suzuki, Hiromi Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University
Publication Date
2020-02
Abstract
Few studies have considered the causal relationship between psychological distress and social participation in elderly people. Here we investigated this relationship based on an initial survey and a follow-up survey. In 2016, a survey was distributed to 86 participants. A follow-up survey of 80 of those participants was performed in 2017. We adopted the following variables: psychological distress and social participation as represented by the Kessler psychological distress scale and social participation scores, respectively. By using cross-lagged and synchronous effects models, we found that the 2016 Kessler psychological distress scale had a significant influence on the 2017 social participation scores (standardization factor=−0.221, p=0.020) and the 2017 Kessler psychological distress scale significantly influenced the 2017 social participation scores (standardization factor=−0.345, p=0.039). The results suggest that psychological distress may affect social participation one year later.
Document Type
Original Article
Keywords
causal relationship
elderly people
psychological distress
social participation
structural equation modeling (SEM)
Link to PubMed
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